Development and effectiveness of domestic bait in mouse-like rodents control
The fight against synanthropic mouse-like rodents in livestock facilities is of great sanitary, hygienic, and social-economic importance. Today, an effective and scientifically grounded method of rodent control is an integrated approach that ensures the implementation of a full range of veterinary and sanitary measures. The existing chemical agents for combating synanthropic rodents for their improper use can contribute to the formation of rodents that are not sensitive to their action. The work aimed to develop an innovative bait to comb mouse-like rodents and establish its effectiveness in laboratory and production conditions. Based on the results of the studies, formulations of an innovative import-substituting bait for combating rodents were developed: bromadiolone (2.0-2.5%), sunflower oil (2.5-3.0%), sugar (1.0-1.5%), wheat (up to 100%). After giving them bait, the death of white outbred mice was noted within seven days and white outbred rats - within four days by the experiment. When the bait was fed to house mice (Mus musculus) and gray rats (Rattus rattus), their death was noted within 12 and within seven days, respectively. We proved that synanthropic rodents are more resistant to the action of rodenticide bait compared to laboratory animals. The anticoagulant effect of bromadiolone (active ingredient) is manifested by external and internal bleeding in rodents, which leads to their death.