The adaptability of soft spring wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) varieties
Yu.Yu. Chuprina, I.V. Klymenko, Yu.M. Belay, L.V. Golovan, I.M. Buzina, V.V. Nazarenko, S.M. Buhaiov, V.H. Mikheev, O.O. Laslo
Soft wheat is one of the leading food crops grown in large areas on all continents. However, with the rapid growth of the world's population, increasing grain production remains the main task of all agricultural producers. Recently in Ukraine, due to the shortage of organic fertilizers, the soil's humus content has dropped sharply to 2.5-1.5%. As a starting material, we used ten samples of Triticum aestivum, obtained from the National Center for Plant Genetic Resources of Ukraine (NCGRRU). These samples had economically valuable features and were introduced from different ecological and geographical areas. We used the method of A.V. Kilchevsky and L.V. Khotylova to determine the environment parameters, phenotypic stability, and adaptive potential. We established the highest general adaptive ability in the samples of Swedish, Russian, and Ukrainian selection: Sunnan, Prokhorovka, and Kharkivska 30. We suggested that the level of combination of assessments of adaptability or stability by different methods should be a reliable indicator of predicting the variety's behavior and help the breeder choose the most appropriate and informative parameters that fit the stability concept.
Keywords: spring wheat, genotype, adaptability, stability, environment, yield
Adugna, W., Labuschagne, M. (2003). Parametric and nonparametric measures of phenotypic stability in linseed (Linum usitatissimum L.). Euphytica, 129, 211–218.
Becker, H.C., Leon, J. (1988). Stability analysis in plant breeding. Plant Breeding, 101(1), 1−23.
Chuprina Yu.Yu., Klymenko I.V., Havva D.V., Golovan L.V., Buzina I.M., Titova A. Ye., Mikheev V.H. Zabrodina I.V., Stankevych S.V. (2020). The level of adaptability of perspective samples of soft and durum spring wheat in Ukrainian forest-steppe. Ukrainian Journal of Ecology, 10 (6), 12-22 (in Ukrainian).
Dospekhov B.A. (1985). Method of field experiment (with the basics of statistical processing of research results) Moscow: Agropromizdat (in Russian).
Duarte, J. B., de Zimmermann, M.J.O. (1995). Correlation among yield stability parameters in common bean. Crop Sci, 35(3), 905-912.
Eberhart, S. A., Russel, W.A. (1966). Stability parameters for comparing varieties. Crop Sci, 6(1), 36–40.
Flores, F., Moreno, M.T., Cubero, J.I. (1998). A comparison of univariate and multivariate methods to analyze environments. Field Crop Res, 56. 271-286.
Fox, P.N., Skovmand, B., Thompson, B.K., Braun, H-J., Cormier, R. (1990). Yield and adaptation of hexaploid spring triticale. Euphytica, 47, 57–64.
Hussein, M.A. (2000). SASG X ESTAB: A SAS program for computing genotype x environment stability statistics. Agron. J, 92, 454-459.
Kilchevsky, A.V., Khotyleva, L.V. (1997). Ecological plant breeding. Minsk: Technology (in Russia).
Kilchevsky, A.V., Khotyleva, L.V. (1989).Genotype and environment in plant breeding. Minsk. Nauka i tekhnika (in Russian).
Lin, C.S., Binns, M.R. (1988). A method for analyzing cultivar x location x year experiments: a new stability parameter. Theor. Appl. Genet, 76, 425-430.
Methodology for the state-of-the-art varieties, testing varieties for adherence to broadening in Ukraine: the home part. (2003). Protection of rights for varieties of roses: official bulletin (in Ukrainian).
Methods of examining the sovereign varieties of grains, cereals, and leguminous crops. (2003). Part 2. Kyiv (in Ukrainian).
Mohammadi, R., Roostaei, M., Ansari, Aghaee, M., Amri, M. (2008). Grain yield stability of spring safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.). Aust. J. Agric. Res, 546–553.
Mohebodini, M., Dehghani, H., Sabaghpour, S.H. (2006). Stability of performance in lentil (Lens culinaris Medic.) Genotypes in Iran. Euphytica, 149, 343-352.
Piepho, H.P., Lotito, S. (1992). Rank correlation among parametric and nonparametric measures of phenotypic stability. Euphytica, 64, 221-225.