Allelopathic Activity of Secretions of Plant Mass and Soil From the Form of Monard Double (Monarda didyma L.)


N.V. Zaimenko, N.O. Hnatyuk, B.O. Ivanytska

The allopathic properties of secretions from vegetative and generative organs of plants and soil from the spicy-aromatic species of monardial plants during cultivation in soil-climatic conditions of northern and central forest-steppe of Ukraine were analyzed. It is proved that the investigated species of plants has allopathic activity. Based on the analysis of the effect of bivalve monardium extracts on biometric indicators of biotest, it was established that the length of the watercress root is a sensitive indicator and varied over a fairly wide range. Allopathic activity of alcohol-soluble secretions from different organs of the double monarch that grew on the territory of Umani was much higher than the plants in Kyiv. probably they have in their knees certain allelopathic activity, which are more intensively synthesized at the beginning of the development of the monard, during the formation of generative organs allopathic activity is variable, in particular, in the budding phase there is a decrease in its activity, and in the flowering phase - there is flowering.

Keywords: Allelopathic activity; Knees; Biotest; Root growth; Stimulating effect; Inhibitory action; Monarda didyma L


Elisabeth, M.c., Clintock., Carl Epling (1942). A review of the genus Monarda (Labiatae). University of California publications in botany. Vol. 20, No. 2,.

Ricci, D., Epifano, F., Fraternale, D. (2017). The essential oil of Monarda didyma L. (Lamiaceae) exerts phytotoxic activity in vitro against various weed seeds Molecules, 22 (2), No. 222. https://doi.10.3390/molecules22020222

Bodrug, M.V. (1990). Introduction to the national economy of new aromatic plants/M.V. Bodrug // Introduction to the culture and introduction of spice-aromatic and rare vegetable plants into the national economy: republic. scientific production Conf., Abstracts dokl. - K.: 1990.-- S. 13.

Boroday, V.V. (2005). Rozvitok bacteriosis on the roots of carrots/V.V. Boroday // Phytopathogenic bacteria. Phytoncidology. Alelopathy: mizhnar. Conf., 4–6 Zhovt. 2005 p. : these are the special stages. - K., S. 10.

Gorobets, S. A. (1992). The role of decaying plant residues in allelopathy/S. A. Gorobets, E. N. Nazarenko // Cycle of allelopathically active substances in biocenoses: [collection of scientific tr/scientific ed. A. M. Grodzinsky]. - K.: Naukova Dumka, - S. 21–28.

Grodzinsky, A.M. (1973). A Brief Guide to Plant Physiology/A.M. Grodzinsky, D.M. Grodzinsky. - [2nd ed. Spanish and add.]. - K.: Naukova Dumka, 388 p.

Grodzinsky, A.M. (965). Allelopathy in the life of plants and their communities. - K.: “Naukova Dumka”, p. 199

Grodzinsky, A.M. (1973). Fundamentals of the chemistry of roslin. K., “Science. the thought ", S. 190-205.

Dospєkhov, B.A. (1985). Methodology of field experience/Dospєkhov B.A. - M.: Agropromizdat, - 351 p.

Zharinov, V. І. Viroshuvannya lіkarskih, efіroolіynykh, spanosmakova roslin/V. І. Zharinov, AI Ostapenko. - K.: High School, 1994. - 233 p.

Mashanov VI Spicy-aromatic plants/VI Mashanov, AA Pokrovsky. - M.: Agropromizdat, 1991. - 287 p.

Pida SV Allelopathic activity of extracts of white lupine varieties/SV Pida // Proceedings of the National Scientific Center of the "UAAS Institute of Agriculture". - 2007. - Vip. 1. - P. 155–162.

Rys, M.V. (2006). Determination of sowing time and shelf life of seeds of species of the genus Monarda L. under the conditions of introduction in the southern forest-steppe of Ukraine/MV Rys // Plant introduction. № 1. - P. 64–67.

Encyclopedic dictionary of a pharmacy worker/[Kalashnikov VP, Levinstein II, Melnichenko AK, etc.]. - M.: Gos. ed. honey. Literature, 1960. - 596 p.

Share this article