Analysis of plant assortment in the greenhouse complex of vinnytsia National Agrarian University as a key component of student training
V. V. Monarkh, M. V. Matusiak
It is proved that the greenhouse of Podillia Botanical Garden of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University is the place intended for landscaping having over 90 species of exotic plants as well as water devices and small architectural forms that are represented on a limited area. The main purpose of the greenhouse is not only the aesthetic satisfaction of guests and residents of the city and outdoor activities in any season of the year, but also the reproduction and introduction of plant species from other climatic zones. For the first time, a modern assessment of the assortment of greenhouse plants of Podillya Botanical Garden of VNAU has been conducted, according to which there are 44 families, 88 genera and 94 plant species in the greenhouse. It is found that the main components of the greenhouse are the species belonging to different families and differing in the requirements necessary for their growth and development. The assortment of species presented in the greenhouse is extremely wide. It is established that plants belong to different climatic zones according to their requirements for the habitat. Therefore, to ensure their ornamentality and excellent growth in the greenhouse, it is necessary to provide adequate conditions. It has been investigated that plants of different natural habitats are randomly arranged in the greenhouse without a certain order or systematization. In the greenhouse of the Botanical Garden, species of introduced plants differ by their respond to the temperature acceptable for their normal growth and development, so they should be placed in groups or collections, e.g. a plant zone of Tropics, a plant zone of Subtropics, a plant zone of dry Subtropics, a plant zone of the Mediterranean, and a plant zone of Asia. Considering a small number of the representatives of dry Subtropics in the greenhouse of the Botanical Garden, the collection of succulents must be replenished and florarium and cactusarium must be established.
Key words: Winter garden; Introduced species; Habitat; Inventory; Object
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