Analysis of Social Capital Impact on Rural Sustainable Development (Case study: villages of central part of Torbat Heydarieh city)

Abstract

G. Ghavidel, M. Jahani, H. Ghanbarzadeh, H. Rahimi

From the point of view of sustainable development, social capital, along with natural capital, human made and human capital, is an inseparable part of the wealth of each nation and is one of the key factors for the development of rural areas in order to fix inequalities. The present study aims to analyze the effects of social capital on sustainable rural development. Case study is on Villages in central part of Torbat-e-Heidarieh city. The research template approach is in terms of quiddity and methodology, descriptive and analytical, and gathering data and information was from library and field methods based on the preparation and completion of questionnaires. Out of 52 villages in the central part of Torbat Heydarieh, 10 villages were selected as the sample population of the research. For the 2047 family survey population Statistical Society, 324 household questionnaires were selected through the Cochran formula. Which was distributed among them in appropriate to households of the villages and sampling method of household superintendents was also systematic random sampling. Findings of the research show that in all villages the status of most of the components of sustainable development is at an upward average level, in the component of employment and income, Siyuki and Houz-e Sorkh villages, in the investment component, Senobar village, in the educational component, Tajrud village, in component Welfare and services, Siyuki village and in the environmental components, Senobar, Kaskak and Oumi villages were in the best position. The final results in the study social capital impact on the sustainable development of villages shows that, based on the structural model, the value of t equal to 1.96 was more, so it can be concluded that this path coefficient is significant at the error level of 0.05, the positive coefficient (0.581) shows the positive impact of social capital on the sustainable development of villages.

Keywords: Social capital; rural development; sustainable development; Torbat Heydarieh

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