Application of mannan oligosaccaharides (Alltech Inc.) in waterfowl: Optimal dose and effectiveness

Abstract

O.I. Kasianenko, S.M. Kasianenko, A.P. Paliy, R.V. Petrov, M.D. Kambur, A.A. Zamaziy, L.P. Livoshchenko, Ye.M. Livoshchenko, S.M. Nazarenko, Zh.E. Klishchova, A.P. Palii

 

The search for alternatives to antibiotics intensifies the use of effective, natural, safe and economical means of protecting the macroorganism from the action of pathogenic microflora. In vitro experiments have established the ability of 0.1-0.4% of mannan oligosaccharides (Alltech Inc.) to adsorb isolates of E. coli O2 and enterobacteria (P. vulgaris, K. pneumonia, C. diversus) with the most active process occurring with 0.4% solution. Introduction of mannan oligosaccharides (Alltech Inc.) in amount 4 kg/t into the diet of ducklings provides regulation of intestinal microbiocenosis based on a decrease in the concentration of pathogenic microorganisms and an increase in the concentration of lacto- and bifidobacteria (p<0.05). The immunomodulatory and growth-stimulating effect of mannan oligosaccharides (Alltech Inc.) has been proved by increasing the bactericidal activity of serum by 34.85% (p<0.05), lysozyme activity of serum - by 33.82% (p<0.05), phagocytic index - by 32.81% (p<0.05), phagocytic number - by 28.37% (p<0.05); increase in poultry survival by 9.0%, pre-slaughter live weight - by 14.3% and meat yield - by 4.8%.

Keywords: Mannan oligosaccharides; Microorganisms; Adsorption; Natural resistance; Productivity; Poultry
 

References

Abdel-Hafeez, H. M., Saleh, E. S. E., Tawfeek, S. S., Youssef, I. M. I., & Abdel-Daim, A. S. A. (2017). Effect of probiotic, prebiotic, and symbiottic with and without feed restriction on performance, hematological indices and carcass characteristics of broiler chickens. Asian-Austral J Anim Sci., 30, 672-682. doi: 10.5713/ajas.16.0535

Afrouziyeh, M., Hanifian, S. H., & Taghinejad, M. (2014). Effects of mannan oligosaccharides on ileal digestibility of nutrients and microbial populations in the ceca of broiler chickens. International Journal of Biosciences, 5(1), 373-380. doi: 10.12692/ijb/5.1.373-380

Ahmed, M. E., Abbas, T. E., Abdlhag, M. A., & Mukhtar, D. E. (2015). Effect of Dietary Yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) Supplementation on Performance, Carcass Characteristics and Some Metabolic Responses of Broilers. Animal and Veterinary Sciences, 3(5-1), 5-10. doi: 10.11648/j.avs.s.2015030501.12

Ashraf, S., Bhatti, S. A., Kamran, Z., Ahmed, F., & Rahman, S. U. (2019). Assessment of Refined Functional Carbohydrates as Substitutes of Antibiotic Growth Promoters in Broilers: Effects on Growth Performance, Immune Responses, Intestinal Micro-Flora and Carcass Characteristics. Pakistan Veterinary Journal, 39(2), 157-162. doi: 10.29261/pakvetj/2019.040

Chacher, M. F. A., Kamran, Z., Ahsan, U., Ahmad, S., Koutoulis, K. C., Qutab ud Din, H. G., & Cengiz, Ö. (2017). Use of mannan oligosaccharide in broiler diets: an overview of underlying mechanisms. World's Poultry Science Journal, 73(4), 831-844. doi: 10.1017/S0043933917000757

Cobos, M. A., Valencia, L. H., Pinos-Rodriguez, J. M., Gonzalez-Muiioz, S. S., Ramirez, J., & Hernandez, D. (2010). Influence of yeast products on rumen microorganisms, in vitro degradation and fermentation of a diet for steers. J. Appl. Anim. Res., 37, 129-133. doi: 10.1080/09712119.2010.9707111

Cömert, M., ??ayan, Y., Özelçam, H., & Baykal, G. Y. (2015). Effects of Saccharomyces cerevisiae Supplementation and Anhydrous Ammonia Treatment of Wheat Straw on In-situ Degradability and, Rumen Fermentation and Growth Performance of Yearling Lambs. Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences, 28(5), 639-646. doi: 10.5713/ajas.14.0757

Duarte, K. M. R., Gomes, L. H., Sampaio, A. C. K., Issakowicz, J., Rocha, F., Granato, T. P., & Terra, S. R. (2012). Saccharomyces Cerevisiae Used As Probiotic: Strains Characterization And Cell Viability. Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Science, 1(2), 17-19. doi: 10.9790/2380-0121719

Edwards, M. V., Edwards, A. C., Millard, P., & Kocher, A. (2014). Mannose rich fraction of Saccharomyces cerevisiae promotes growth and enhances carcass yield in commercially housed grower–finisher pigs. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 197, 227-232. doi: 10.1016/j.anifeedsci.2014.08.004

Ezema, C., & Eze, D. C. (2015). Probiotic Effect of Yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) on Hen-Day Egg Performance, Serum and Egg Cholesterol Levels in Laying Chicken. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 14(1), 44-46. doi: 10.3923/pjn.2015.44.46

Gujvinska, S. O., & Paliy, A. P. (2018). Determination of Antagonistic and Adhesive Properties of Lactobacterium and Bifidobacterium. Mikrobiol. Z., 80(1), 36-44. doi: 10.15407/microbiolj80.01.036

Gujvinska, S. O., Paliy, A. P., Dunaeva, O. V., Paliy, A. P., & Berezhna, N. V. (2018). Biotechnology production of medium for cultivation and lyophilization of lactic acid bacteria. Ukrainian Journal of Ecology, 8(2), 5-11. doi: 10.15421/2018_302

Hadzevych, O. V., Paliy, A. P., Kinash, O. V., Petrov, R. V., & Paliy, A. P. (2019). Antibiotic resistance of microorganisms isolated from milk. World of Medicine and Biology, 3(69), 245-250. doi: 10.26724/2079-8334-2019-3-69-245-250

Hoult, D., Krig, N., & Skit, P. (1997). Bergey Bacterial Identifier. Tom 1. Moskov: Mir, 421. ISBN 5-03-003110-3. (in Russian)

Jouany, J.-P., Medina, B., Bertin, G., & Julliand, V. (2009). Effect of live yeast culture supplementation on hindgut microbial communities and their polysaccharidase and glycoside hydrolase activities in horses fed a high-fiber or high-starch diet. Journal of Animal Science, 87(9), 2844-2852. doi: 10.2527/jas.2008-1602

Kasyanenko, O. I., Nagorna, L. V., & Kasyanenko, S. M. (2018). The effectiveness of the use of Actigene at growing ducks. Bulletin of Sumy National Agrarian University. S??r??ya "Veterinary Medicine", 11(43), 57-61 (in Ukrainian)

K?rkp?nar, F., Aç?kgöz, Z., Mert, S., & I???k, O. (2018). Effects of Dietary Probiotic, Prebiotic and Enzyme Mixture Supplementation on Performance, Carcase, Organ, Ileal pH and Viscosity of Broilers. J. Anim. Prod., 59(2), 1-9. doi: 10.29185/hayuretim.469862

Kotsiumbas, I. Ya., Hunchak, V. M., & Stetsko, T. I. (2013). Problems of antimicrobial agents to stimulate growth of farm animals and the use of alternative. Scientific and Technical Bulletin of the Institute of Animal Biology and State research control institute of veterinary preparations and feed additives, 14(3-4), 381-389 (in Ukrainian)

Kotsiumbas, I. Ya., Kotsiumbas, G. I., Golubij, Ye. M., & Chajkivska, O. I. (2019). Guidelines “Comprehensive assessment of the effect of veterinary drugs on the morphofunctional state of the immune system”. Lviv: TzOV VF Afisha. (In Ukrainian)

Li, X. J., Piao, X. S., Kim, S. W., Liu, P., Wang, L., Shen, Y. B., Jung, S. C., & Lee, H. S. (2007). Effect of citho-oligosaccharide supplementation on performance, nutrient digestibility, and serum composition in broiler chickens. Poult. Sci., 86, 1107-1114. doi: 10.1093/ps/866.1107

Matur, E., Ergul, E., Akyazi, I., Eraslan, E., Inal, G., Bilgic, S., & Demircan, H. (2011). Effects of Saccharomyces cerevisiae extract on haematological parameters, immune function and the antioxidant defence system in breeder hens fed aflatoxin contaminated diets. Br Poult Sci., 52(5), 541-550. doi: 10.1080/00071668.2011.617726

Meller, R. A., Firkins, J. L., & Gehman, A. M. (2014). Efficacy of live yeast in lactating dairy cattle. The Professional Animal Scientist, 30(4), 413-417. doi: 10.15232/pas.2014-01308

Özsoy, B., Karada??o??lu, Ö., Yakan, A., Önk, K., Çelik, E., & ??ahin, T. (2018). The role of yeast culture (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) on performance, egg yolk fatty acid composition, and fecal microflora of laying hens. Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia, 47, e20170159. doi: 10.1590/rbz4720170159

Palii, A. P., & Paliy, A. P. (2019). Technical and technological innovations in dairy cattle. Monograph. Kharkiv: «Miskdruk», 324. ISBN: 978-617-619-207-7. (in Ukrainian)

Paliy, A. P., Gujvinska, S. O., Livoshchenko, L. P., Nalivayko, L. I., Livoshchenko, Ye. M., Risovaniy, V. I., Dubin, R. A., Berezhna, N. V., Palii, A. P., & Petrov, R. V. (2020). Specific composition of indigenous microflora (Lactobacillus spp., Bifidobacterium spp., Lactococcus spp.) in farm animals. Ukrainian. Journal of Ecology, 10(1), 43-48. doi: 10.15421/2020_7

Paliy, A. P., Zavgorodniy, A. I., Stegniy, B. T., & Palii, A. P. (2020). Scientific and methodological grounds for controlling the development and use of disinfectants. Monograph. Kharkiv: Miskdruk (in Ukrainian)

Samanta, A. K., Jayapal, N., Senani, S., Kolte, A. P., & Sridhar, M. (2013). Prebiotic inulin: Useful dietary adjuncts to manipulate the livestock gut microflora. Brazilian Journal of Microbiology, 44(1), 1-14. doi: 10.1590/S1517-83822013005000023

Santos, E. G., Costa, F. G. P., Silva, J. H. V., Martins, T. D. D., Figueiredo-Lima, D. F., Macari, M., Oliveira, C. J. B., & Givisiez, P. E. N. (2012). Protective effect of mannan oligosaccharides against early colonization by Salmonella Enteritidis in chicks is improved by higher dietary threonine levels. Journal of Applied Microbiology, 114, 1158-1165. doi: 10.1111/jam.12108

Shen, Y. B., Fellner, V., Yoon, I., & Kim, S. W. (2017). Effects of dietary supplementation of Saccharomyces cerevisiae fermentation product to sows and their offspring on growth and meat quality. Transl. Anim. Sci., 1, 45-53. doi: 10.2527/tas2016.0005

Sultan, A., Uddin, I., Khan, S., Ullah, R., Khan, H., Khan, N. A., & Khan, R. U. (2015). Effect of yeast derived carbohydrate fraction on growth performance, apparent metabolizable energy, mineral retention and gut histomorphology of broilers during starter phase. Pakistan Veterinary Journal, 35(4), 409-413.

Tristant, D., & Moran, C. A. (2015). The efficacy of feeding a live probiotic yeast, Yea-Sacc®, on the performance of lactating dairy cows. Journal of Applied Animal Nutrition, 3(12), 1-6. doi: 10.1017/jan.2015.10

van der Hoek, S. A., Darbani, B., Zugaj, K. E., Prabhala, B. K., Biron, M. B., Randelovic, M., Medina, J. B., Kell, D. B., & Borodina, I. (2019). Engineering the Yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae for the Production of L-(+)-Ergothioneine. Front. Bioeng. Biotechnol., doi: 10.3389/fbioe.2019.00262

Wang, Y., Dong, Z., Song, D., Zhou, H., Wang, W., Miao, H., Wang, L., & Aike, L. (2018). Effects of microencapsuled probiotics and prebiotics on growth performance, antioxidative abilities, immune functions, and caecal microflora in broiler chickens. Food Agric Immunol., 29, 859-869. doi: 10.1080/09540105.2018.1463972

Xue, G. D., Wu, S. B., Choct, M., & Swick, R. A. (2017). Effects of yeast cell wall on growth performance, immune responses and intestinal short chain fatty acid concentrations of broilers in an experimental necrotic enteritis model. Anim Nutr., 3(4), 399-405. doi: 10.1016/j.aninu.2017.08.002

Yalcin, Sa., Yalcin, Su., Eser, H., ??ahin, A., Yalcin, S. S., & Güçer, S. (2014). Effects of dietary yeast cell wall supplementation on performance, carcass characteristics, antibody production and histopathological changes in broilers. Kafkas Univ Vet Fac Derg., 20, 757-764. doi: 10.9775/kvfd.2014.11088

Yalçin, S., Yalçin, S., Cakin, K., Eltan, O., & Da??a??an, L. (2010). Effects of dietary yeast autolysate (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) on performance, egg traits, egg cholesterol content, egg yolk fatty acid composition and humoral immune response of laying hens. J Sci Food Agric., 90(10), 1695-1701. doi: 10.1002/jsfa.4004

Zavgorodniy, A. I., Stegniy, B. T., Paliy, A. P., Gorjeev, V. M., & Smirnov, A. M. (2013). Scientific and practical aspects of disinfection in veterinary medicine. Kharkiv: FOP Brovin O.V., 222. ISBN 978-966-2445-59-6. (in Ukrainian).

Share this article