Application of methodology of environmental emergency management in terms of accidents and disasters: A case of Ukraine
A. Terentieva, S. Poteriaiko, O. Tverdokhlib, Yu. Kravchenko, S. Stankevych
The article investigates reasons and arguments in the structure of scientific discussion of possibility of the use of methodology of environmental emergency management at working of administrative decisions in relation to reacting on an environmental emergency and assistance to the injured population. Ground of the use of methodology of environmental emergency management for the acceptance of administrative decisions in environmental emergencies by the study of her methodology taking into account the rapid change of limitations and maximum terms is the aim of research of authors. The study of possibility of the use of methodology of environmental emergency management becomes complicated by divergence in determination of concept "emergency management" and determination of phases of emergency that is confirmed by the studies of scientific information and current legislation generators. Reduction of time for development, acceptance and realization of administrative decisions, increase of vagueness and risk, necessity of bringing in of additional resources from backlogs-by the base aim of reacting on the origin of environmental emergency that confirms actuality of this scientific research. The existence of different regimes of the functions of the system of public management in environmental emergencies to inform about those who are not in charge of management in the spheres of singing. The staff of the state authorities in the sphere of environmental emergency management will be able to take advantage of the speed of unburdened solutions. The acceptance of the self-weighted and adequate administrative decisions will help to economize resources and time for the removal of consequences and reduction of losses in the conditions of environmental emergency. It offers to conduct the study of possibility of application of methodology of environmental emergency management in such logical sequence: analysis of dynamics of environmental emergencies in Ukraine, study of their consequences, research of features of working and acceptance of administrative decisions in the conditions of environmental emergencies. The methods of analysis of the systems and object-oriented are select the methodical tool of research; research period limit 2015-2018 years. Functioning of State Emergency Service (SES) of Ukraine is select a research object from environmental emergencies, because it is a central executive that carries out a public policy in the sphere of the civil protection. Protecting of population and territories from environmental emergencies, prevention of their origin, reacting on environmental emergencies, saving, extinguishing of fires, fire and technological safety, activity of search and rescue teams, and hydrometeorological activity the competences of SES of Ukraine attributed to the limits from environmental emergencies. In the article, the presented results of empiric analysis of standardization of terminology and management processes are in the conditions of environmental emergencies that proved that in Ukrainian realities management processes in are based on the use of out-of-date approaches to the acceptance of administrative decisions case-insensitive factors of the resource providing. Research empiric confirms and in theory asserts that an urgent requirement in Ukraine is an input of going near a management processes with the use of methodology of environmental emergency management, and also updating of normative base in accordance with state standards. The results of the study may be useful for the preparation of masters in the sphere of Public Administration, specialization "Emergency Management" and improvement of management activities in the accidents and disasters.