Birds diversity of Wadi Fatimah Dam area, Makkah region, Saudi Arabia
Study of birds’ diversity in Wadi Fatimah dam area was carried out during the period of 12 months (April 2019-March 2020). A total of 87 bird species were recorded during this study. The study area is about 10 km. The dam is located in a narrow wadi in-between mountain slopes with width of 1.5 Km. The study area was divided into four different sites in upper and lower of the dam: Upper area of the dam: (1) Site with vegetation cover, (2) Site by the mountain slope. Lower area of the dam: (3) Agricultural farms site, (4) Site in the middle of the wadi. Of the 87 bird species observed, 40 were migratory. The most common bird species were: The black kite, The Little Egret, The Palm Dove, The Rock dove, The Little green Bee-eater, The black-bush Chat, The Crested Lark, The Graceful Warbler, The Ruppell's Weaver, The House sparrow. A list of all bird species occurred in the study area was recorded according to different seasons. A number of nesting material for breeding bird species was observed.