Checklist of the Marine Macroalgae of Algerian West Coast (Ain Temouchent site)

Abstract

S. Hellal, F. Bennabi, A. Baaloudj, A. Kerfouf

Macroalgae are very abundant organisms in the Algerian coastal zone and not well-known on the west coast of Algeria. The research aimed to identify marine macroalgae in Ain Témouchent littoral (northwest Algeria). A checklist of macroalgae, based on new collections, is given. Using present-day taxonomy, sampling species of macroalgae have been identified to date. The results showed that 32 marine macroalgae were found and identified. They are divided into 3 taxa: Chlorophyta (4 orders, 5 families, 7 genera, 8 species), Ochrophyta (4 orders, 4 families, 6 genera, 8 species) and Rhodophyta (9 orders, 11 families, 13 genera, and 16 species). Some species are remarkable for their endemism and their character as indicators of disturbance of the marine environment, and others of its good quality, excellent protection, and preservation. We annotated the presence of the Cystoseira stricta, which is reliable indicator of a healthy marine environment. We concluded that the invasive species are rarely present in this area.

Keywords: Macroalgae, checklist, marine environment, invasive species, Ain Temouchent, Algerian coastal zone
 

References

 

AlgaeBase. Available from: https://www.algaebase.org/search/species/

Bachir, B.B., Taleb, M.Z., Marouf, A., Benkada, M.Y, Riadi, H. (2010). First record of the invasive alga Caulerpa racemosa (Caulerpales, Chlorophyta) in the Gulf of Arzew (western Algeria). Aquatic Invasions, 5, Suppl. 1, 97-S101.

Bachir, B.B. (2012). Étude de la flore algale benthique et les impacts de ses espèces invasives de-vant la côte Mostaganemoise. Thèse de doctorat. Université Abdelhamid Ibn Badis de Mostaganem, Algérie.

Ballesteros, E., Torras, X., Pinedo, S., Garcia, M., Mangialajo, L., Torres, M. (2007). A new methodology based on littoral community cartography dominated by macroalgae for the implementation of the European Water Framework Directive. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 55, 172-180.

Bentaallah, M.E.A., Kerfouf, A. (2013). Prolifération de l’algue Caulerpa Racemosa dans les écosys-tèmes littoraux: Etat des lieux et des connaissances. Physio-Géo-Géographie Physique et Environnement, VII, 157-64.

Birje, J., Verlaque, M. et Poydenot, F. (1996). Macrophytobenthos des platiers rocheux intertidaux et semi-exposés de la région de Safi-Essaouira (Maroc occidental). Oceanologica Acta, 19, 561-574.

Borsali, S., Baaloudj, A., Kerfouf. A. (2020). Biochemical study of Ulva lactuca and Cystoseira stricta from Mostaganem coastline (Western Algeria). Ukrainian Journal of Ecology, 10(3), 116-121.

Boudouresque Perrete, M., Seridi, H. (1989). Inventaire des algues marines benthiques d’Algérie. GIS Posidonie. Pub. Marseille.France.

Boudouresque, C.F, Verlaque, M. (2002). Biological pollution in the Mediterranean Sea: invasive versus introduced macrophytes. Mar Pollut Bull, 44, 32–38

Cabioc'h, J., Floc'h, J., Le Toquin, A., Boudouresque, C., Meinesz, A., Verlaque,M. (2006). Guide des algues des mers d'Europe. Delachaux et Niestié SA, Paris. Vistas in Botany, Pergamon Press, London.

Fischer, W., Bauchot, M.L., Schneider, M. (2007). Fiches FAO d’identification des espèces pour les besoins de la pêche. (Révision 1). Méditerranée et mer Noire. Zone de pêche, 37, I. Végétaux et Invertébrés.

Ghodbani, T., Boughrerira, A. (2019). Le littoral algérien entre protection de l’environnement et impéra-tifs du développement, Enjeux et Perspectives. Geo-Eco-Trop, 43 (4), 559-568.

Kies, F., Kerfouf, A., Elegbede, S. et al. (2020). Assessment of the coastal and estuarine environment quality of western Algeria using the bioindicator Polychaeta; the genus Nereis. J. Mater. Environ. Sci., 11(9), 1472-1481

Millot, C. (1989). La circulation générale en Méditerranée occidentale: aperçu de nos connaissances et projets d’études. Ann. Géog, 549(XCVII), 498-515.

Ramdani, M., Sahnouni, F., Benyounes, H., Elkhiati, N., Roger, F., Mesfioui, A., Ramdani, M. (2015). Macroepiphytes and macroalgae (Phaeophyceae, Rhodophyceae and Chlorophyceae) in the Nador lagoon (Morocco). Journal of Biodiversity and Environmental Sciences (JBES), 7(1), 252-261.

Ramdani, M., Moulay Brahim, O., El Asri, O., El Khiati, N., Ramdani, M., Denis, F., Roger, J.F. (2020). First report of Cystoseira aurantia Kützig from the Mediterranean coast of Morocco. Botanica Marina, 64(1), 41–47.

Remili, S., Kerfouf, A. (2013). Evaluation de la qualité physico-chimique et du niveau de contami-nation métallique (Cd, Pb, Zn) des rejets d’eaux usées d’Oran et de Mostaganem (littoral ouest al-gérien), Physio-Géo-Géographie Physique et Environnement, VII, 165-182.

Rodriguez-Prieto, C., Polo, L. (1996). Effects of sewage pollution in the structure and dynamics of the community of Cystoseira mediterranea (Fucales, Phaeophyceae). Scientia Marina, 60, 253–263.

Traiche, A., Belhaouari, B. et Rouen-Hacen, O. (2018). Study of Macroalgae Biodiversity In The Western Algerian Coast, Ténès. Current Botany, 9, 28-32.

Share this article