Chemical composition, energy and biological value of broiler chicken meat caused by various doses of selenium

Abstract

O.I. Sobolev, B.V.Gutyj, S.V. Sobolieva, O.O. Borshch, V.A. Liskovich, O.I. Prystupa, N.V. Demus, O.R. Paladiychuk, O. V. Fedorovych, E.I. Fedorovych, I.I. Khariv, R.O. Vasiv, N.D. Levkivska, K.Y. Leskiv, Z.A. Guta

From the standpoint of modern ideas, the normal functioning of the poultry body and full implementation her of the genetic potential is impossible without the presence of selenium in the diet. The biochemical diversity of selenium puts it in a number of priority trace elements. Scientists who were studying the effects of selenium on poultry body and paid relatively little attention to the quality of the meat. In scientific experiment are studied the effect of additives different doses of selenium in compound feed on the chemical composition, energy and biological value of meat of the cross chickens-broilers ??????? 500. Introduction of selenium into the feed for broiler chickens in the doses which are studied (0.3 mg/kg, 0.4 and 0.5 mg/kg) didn’t significantly affect to the quality of their muscle tissue although it positively affected on some indicators that characterizing its chemical composition, nutritional and biological value. Among the experimental groups, the best meat quality indicators were in the second group of chickens for which was introduced into the feed selenium from the calculation of 0.3 mg/kg. When feeding mixed feeds with selenium additives to broiler chickens it was found that it is likely to increase the concentration of this trace element in muscle tissue by 60.6–100% (P<0.001), which doesn’t exceed the maximum permissible level (MPL). Consumption of selenium-enriched meat of broiler chickens within the limits of the physiological norms recommended in Ukraine will ensure the daily requirement of an adult in this trace element by 23.6–29.4%. This meat product can be especially useful for people who live in regions with low levels of selenium in the natural environment.
Key words: Selenium; Compound feed; Broiler chickens; Meat; Chemical composition; Nutritional value
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