Climate design and its role in reducing energy consumption management: A case study of Kerman city of Iran
The impact of climate factors on biological complexes is one of the most important applications of climatology. Which has been attended by planners in recent decades. City and climate have a strong impact on each other. In the exploration of Iranian native urbanization, it is clearly established that traditional urban spaces are designed based on the principles of urban sustainability for maximizing the use of natural energies and combating heat and cold annoyance. The clear difference between urban texture integration in the hot and dry climate and urban tissue fracture of hot and humid climate is a proof of this claim. The old texture of cities such as Yazd and Kerman have made their inner city spaces entirely based on environmental elements for the comfort of the citizens. Compact construction, narrow shady alleys and even the color of buildings are affected by this consideration. Accordingly, the main focus of the discussion is to examine the impact of climatic conditions on indigenous urbanization in Iran and also the exploitation of these climatic principles in materials, architecture typology, urban space organization and urban elements. In this regard, as the elements and climatic elements in the formation of texture, orientation of buildings and urban spaces, the way of zoning and morphology of the old texture of Iranian cities has had a major impact, Optimal use and consideration of the valuable and indigenous principles in designing today urban spaces will also play a major role in realizing the principles of sustainability and spatial quality.
Keywords: Architecture; environment; area; Kerman; temperature
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