Commonwealth of Independent States: Constitutional, legal and environmental realities


Kim Y.V., Anichkin E.S.


The formation and development of the Commonwealth took place ambiguously, in difficult conditions, formed under the complex influence of external and internal geopolitical, environmental and inner factors, and did not have the desired dynamics. Successful implementation of the ambitious tasks to further deepen the integration processes in the CIS is impossible without the inclusion of constitutional and legal tools. In the presented work, the authors propose approaches that are possible at the current stage of development of the CIS and its member states to increase the effectiveness of constitutional, legal and institutional support for the development of the Commonwealth.

Keywords: Convergence; Environment; Harmonization; Integration; Convergence; Constitutionalism; Constitutional Statehood; Commonwealth of Independent States


Bobrakova N.V. (2008). Institute of the Head of State in CIS countries: comparative legal analysis. Thesis of Doctoral Dissertation. Krasnodar.

BRICS: contours of the multipolar world: a monograph (in Russian). (2015). T.Y. Khabrieva (ed.). Moscow: Institute of Legislation and Comparative Law under the Government of the Russian Federation, Jurisprudence.

Buzan B., and O. Waever (2003). Regions and Powers: The Structure of International Security. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

D’Anieri P. (1997) International Cooperation among Unequal Partners: The Emergence of Bilateralism in the Former Soviet Union. International Politics 34 (4).

Dodonov V.N. (1997). Constitutional Reforms in the States Emerging in the Territory of the Former USSR. General and Special. Thesis of Doctoral Dissertation. ??osocw.

Dostiev A.S. (1999). Constitution of the Republic of Tajikistan of 1994: History of development, adoption and basic provisions. Thesis of Doctoral Dissertation. Dushanbe, 1999.

Dzhangirian J.D. (2004). Division of Power in the Republic of Armenia: Constitutional Model and Practice. Thesis of Doctoral Dissertation. ??oscow.

Gafurov H.M. (2006). Judicial system of the Republic of Tajikistan (comparative legal analysis). Thesis of Doctoral Dissertation. ??oscow.

Globalization and Integration Processes in the Asia-Pacific Region (Legal and Economic Research). (2014). T.Y. Khabrieva (Ed.). Moscow: IZISP, INFRA-M.

Haji Zadeh, E.A. (2005). Constitutional models of the form of government and institute of pre-presidency in CIS countries. Thesis of Doctoral Dissertation. Volgograd, 2005.

Hancock K.J. (2009). Regional Integration: Choosing Plutocracy. New York: Palgrave MacMillan.

Jones Luong P. (2002). Institutional Change and Political Continuity in Central Asia. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Gleason A. (2010). Eurasia: What Is It? Is It? Journal of Eurasian Studies 1 (1).

Kainov V.I. (1999). Institute of presidency: Constitutional and legal status. Thesis of Doctoral Dissertation. St.-Petersburg, 1999.

Khabrieva T.Y. (2016). Constitutional reform in the modern world: Monograph. Moscow: Science of RAS, 2016, etc.

Klishas A.A. (2007). Constitutional Control and Constitutional Justice in Foreign Countries. Thesis of Doctoral Dissertation. ??., 2007.

Miller E.A. (2006). To Balance or Not to Balance? Alignment Theory and the Commonwealth of Independent States. Aldershot: Ashgate.

Molchanov M. (2009). Regionalism in Eurasia, in: Fagan G. H., and R. Munck (eds) Globalization and security: An Encyclopedia. Santa Barbara: Praeger Security International.

Myrzalilov R.M. (2013). Bodies of constitutional justice in the countries of Central Asia: problems of theory and practice.  Thesis of Doctoral Dissertation. ??oscow. 

Obydenkova A. (2011). Comparative Regionalism: Eurasian Cooperation and European Integration: The Case for Neofunctionalism?  Journal of Eurasian Studies.

Obydenkova A. (2011). Multi-Level Governance in Post-Soviet Eurasia: Problems and Promises, in: Enderlein H, Walt, S., and M. Zurn (Eds.). Handbook on Multi-Level Governance. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar

Olcott, M.B., Aslund, A. and Garnett, S. (1999). Getting It Wrong: Regional Cooperation and the Commonwealth of Independent States. Wash. Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.

Quoraboyev I. (2010). Around the Names of Region: The Case of Central Asia.  UNU-CRIS Working Paper No 5.

Share this article