Current state of Acarapis Hirst mites (Acariformes, Tarsonemidae) distribution and honeybees infestation in Russia


V.V. Stolbova

This paper summarized the distribution of the Acarapis Hirst mites in Russia. Honeybees are parasitized by three mites species of the Acarapis genus: A. woodi Rennie, 1921, A. externus Morgenthaler, 1931 and A. dorsalis Morgenthaler, 1934. The first species, the tracheal mite, parasitizes in the tracheae of the bees and causes acarapidosis. In Russia, the tracheal mite was first found in 1926. During the 20th century, it was detected in several regions of the European part of the country and the Urals. We concluded there had been practically no registered cases in the country before 1991. However, starting from 1991, many newly discovered tracheal mites have been revealed in all geographical regions of Russia: in the European part, in the North Caucasus, in the Urals, in Siberia, and the Far East. Besides the tracheal mite's geographical expansion, a steady increase in this disease is observed in Russia. Two other species of external mites of Acarapis genus, causative agents of exoacarapidosis, are known to be found in far fewer cases in Russia, which is probably connected with little research on this disease's topic and perception as not a serious one.  

Keywords: Acarapidosis, tracheal mite, Acarapis woodi, Acarapis externus, Acarapis dorsalis, Russia



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