Do ecological factors dictate the longevity of human life? A case of Asian countries


R. Fatima, N. Arshed* and U. Hanif

It is believed that human expected life is defined by the environment in which he is raised and his activities. Before the industrial revolution, the environment was considered an insignificant factor as it was the same for all. However, recent deterioration in environmental quality has defined the differences in expected life in different regions of the world. This study aims to investigate the impact of ecological factors such as temperature, ecological footprint, and CO2 and other factors such as GDP, mortality rate and globalization on life expectancy. This study has selected 25 Asian countries to estimate the panel FMOLS model with a moderator from 1994 to 2017. The results revealed that ecological factors, including economic growth, reduce life expectancy. At the same time, globalization shows a positive impact on the life expectancy rate of these countries. The study recommends that despite having tremendous achievements and developments in Asian economies, they still face a high risk from climatic issues. Therefore, the governing bodies of these Asian countries have to develop sustainable initiatives that can overcome with the changes in the climate and make the environment healthy.

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