Dynamics of daily activity of blood-sucking biting midges in the south of the Tyumen region

Abstract

O.A. Fiodorova, M.I. Serkova, T.E. Savchuk

Here we presented the results of studies conducted in 2017 on the daily activity rhythm of blood-sucking midges (Diptera, Ceratopogonidae) in the south of the Tyumen region. We used an entomological landing net with removable bags at intervals of 1 hour for collecting and counting biting midges. At the same time, temperature, relative humidity, wind speed, and precipitation were recorded. The identification tables were used to determining the species of the imago of blood-sucking biting midges; the species name was presented following the current accepted list. The maximum activity of biting midges was observed in the morning and evening; the peak of species diversity was observed at 2 AM,3 AM, 7 AM, and 10 PM. When studying the daily rhythm, an attack of 13 species of blood-sucking midges of the family Ceratopogonidae, belonging to the same genus Culicoides, was recorded. During the study period, the dominant species was Culicoides punctatus, while C. fascipennis and C. grisescens were inferior to it in number; C. obsoletus, C. chiopterus, and C. gornostaevae, were rarely recorded. The study of the distribution of biting midges is currently relevant since they are vectors of animals and humans' infectious and invasive diseases.
 

References

 

Burova, O. A., Blokhin,  A. A., Zakharova, O. I., Yashin, I. V., Liskova, E. A., Gladkova, N. A. (2018). Vectors of transmissive viral diseases of animals. Agrarian Science of the Euro-North, 5(66), 4-17.

Burylova, A.M. (1966). Fauna and ecology of blood-sucking woodlice (Diptera, Heleidae) Perm Region. Thesis of Doctoral Dissertation. Perm

Fall, M., Fall, A.G., Seck, M.T. (2015a). Host preferences and circadian rhythm of Culicoides (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae), vectors of African horse sickness and bluetongue viruses in Senegal, 49, 239– 45.

Fall, M., Fall, As. G., Momar, T. (2015b). Cardian activity of Culicoides oxystoma (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae), potential vector of bluetongue and African horse sickness viruses in the Niayes area Senegal. Parasitology Research, 114(8), 3151-3158

Fedorova, O. A., Khlyzova, T. A., Sivkova, E. I., Savchuk, T. E. (2017). Summer dates of blood-sucking woodlice (Diptera, Ceratopogonidae) in the aspen-birch forest subzone of the south of the Tyumen region. Bulletin of meat cattle breeding, 1(97), 141–145.

Glukhova, V. M. (1956). Fauna and ecology of woodlice (Culicoides) Karelia-Finnish SSR. Thesis of Doctoral Dissertation. Petrozavodsk.

Glukhova, V. M. (1989). Blood-sucking woodlice of the genera Culicoides Forcipomyia (Ceratopogonidae). Fauna of the USSR. Insects. Diptera. Vol 3, 5a. Leningrad. Nauka. Leningrad Branch.

Glushchenko, N. P. (1966). Fauna and ecology of blood-sucking woodlice (Diptera, Ceratopogonidae) of the upper Lena River basin. Thesis of Doctoral Dissertation. Tomsk.

Gurtsevich, A.V. (1973). Blood-sucking woodlice (Ceratopogonidae). Fauna of the USSR. Diptera. Moscow. Nauka, 3 (5), 269.

Mirzaeva, A. G. (1963). Blood-sucking woodlice (Heleidae) of the southern taiga of the Ob region. Thesis of Doctoral Dissertation

Mirzaeva, A. G. (1989).  Blood-sucking woodlice (Diptera, Ceratopogonidae) of Siberia and the Far East. Novosibirsk: Nauka

Monchadsky, A. S. (1946). Attack activity and its diurnal rhythm in the mosquito Mansonia richiardii Fic. Izvestiya AN USSR, 2(3), 299-323.

Monchadsky, A. S. (1958). On the classification of environmental factors. Zoological Journal. 37(5), 680-692.

Ogorodnov, E. A. (1971). Atlas Tyumenskoj oblasti (The Atlas of Tyumen Region). 1. Tyumen.

Ostroushko, T. S. (1967). Blood-sucking woodlice (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) of the taiga part of the Northern Urals. Parasitology, 1(1), 41-46. 

Rasnitsyn, S. P., Kosovskikh, V. P. (1979). An improved method of accounting for the abundance of mosquitoes with a net around a person and comparing it with the dark bell.  Medical parasitology and parasitic diseases, 1, 18–24

Sanders, Chr. J., Shortall, Chr. R. (2011). Gubbins S. Influence of season and meteorological parameters on flight activity of Culicoides biting midges. Journal of Applied Ecology, 6, 48, 1355–1364

Sprygin, A.V., Bellis, G. A., Pavelko, V. I., Pasunkina, M. A., Kononov, A.V. (2020). Seasonal activity of female midges of the genus Culicoides (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) in various regions of the Russian Federation. Parasitology. 54 (3), 231-246.

Sprygin, A. V., Fiodorova, O. A., & Babin, Y. Y., Pavelko, V., Bellis, G., Kononov, A. (2016). The fluctuations of seasonal population of Culicoides midges in the Smolenskay, Pskovskaya and Vladimirskaya provinces of Western Russia in 2013. Veterinaria Italiana, 52 (3-4), 231-234

Sprygin, A. V., Fiodorova, O.A., & Babin, Y. Y., Kononov, A. V., Karaulov, A. K. (2015). Blood-sucking midges (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) and their role in spreading blue tongue and Schmallenberg diseases in Russia. Agrobiology, 50(2), 183-197.

Tarasenkov, G.N. (1964). Na otkrytyh prostranstvah rek Ob' i Irtysh (Priroda, byt i kul'tura Tyumenskoj oblasti). [On open spaces of Ob and Irtysh rivers. Nature, household, and culture of Tyumen region]. Moscow. 

Viennet E., Garros, C., Rakotoarivonv, I. (2012). Host-Seeking Activity of Bluentogue Virus Vectors: Endo/ Exophagy and Circadian Rhythm of Culicoides in Western Europe. PloS one, 7(10), Article no: e48120.

Yanzhieva, D. V., Murueva, G. B. (2018). Mokretsy as vectors of the sheep Bluetongue virus.  Bulletin of the Buryat State Agricultural Academy named after V. R. Filippov. 2 (35), 24–28.

Keywords: biting midges, species diversity, the daily rhythm of activity, air temperature

Share this article