Effect of ethylene-releasing compound Esphon on the anatomical structure, yield, and quality of Gooseberry (Grossularia reclinata (L.) Mill.)


V.G. Kuryata , H.S. Shataliuk , O.O. Kravets , I.V. Poprotska , S.V. Polyvanyi , O.O. Khodanitska , L.A. Golynova , O.A. Shevchuk , O.O. Tkachuk

We were determined the effect of ethylene-releasing compound Esphon® on the morphogenesis and production process of gooseberry plants of the Mashenka variety. The Esphon treatment of gooseberry plants at the budding phase led to the modification of donor-acceptor relations in the plant, which was expressed through anatomical and morphological changes in vegetative organs, redistribution of assimilates towards the berries formation. The linear growth of shoots was inhibited, a more significant number of vessels in the xylem were formed under the drug's action compared to control, while the thickness of the cell walls of sclerenchyma fibers of cortex increased. The consequence of this restructuring was a more intensive accumulation of cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin in annual gooseberry shoots as compared to control, as well as reserve forms of carbohydrates - sugars and starch that indicate a complete ripening of the shoot and is a prerequisite for high frost resistance of the crop. The leaf blade thickened due to the formation of a more powerful chlorenchyma under Esphon interaction. Retardant treatment caused an increase in the spongy's linear dimensions and columnar parenchyma volume - the primary assimilative leaf tissue. Optimization of the leaf's mesostructure organization enhanced the provision of morphogenetic processes with assimilates that caused an increase in the nonstructural carbohydrate content (sugars + starch) in the leaves compared to untreated plants at all stages of development. As a result of such regulation, a more powerful donor sphere increased the gooseberry crop yield, the content of sugars and ascorbic acid in the berries, the accumulation, and redistribution of assimilated flows from the vegetative organs to the fruits.

Keywords: gooseberry - Grossularia reclinata (L.) Mill, Esphon®, anatomical structure, mesostructure, yield, product quality



AOAC (2010). Official Methods of Analysis of Association of Analytical Chemist International (18th ed.). Association of Analytical Chemist. Gaithersburg, Maryland, USA.

Bonelli, L.E., Monzon, J. P., Cerrudo, A., Rizzalli, R. H., &  Andrade, F. H. (2016). Maize grain yield components and source-sink relationship as affected by the delay in sowing date. Field Crops Research, 198, 215-225. doi:10.1016/j.fcr.2016.09.003

Koutroubas, S. D., & Damalas, C. A. (2016). Morpho-physiological responses of sunflower to foliar applications of chlormequatchloride (CCC). 2016. Bioscience Journal, 32(6), 1493-1501.

doi: 10.14393/BJ-v32n6a2016-33007.

Kuryata, V. G., & Kravets, O. O. (2018). Features of morphogenesis, accumulation and redistribution of assimilate and nitrogen containing compounds in tomatoes under retardants treatment. Ukrainian Journal of Ecology, 8(1), 356–362. doi: 10.15421/2018_222

Kuryata V.G., & Khodanitska O.O. (2018). Features of an atomical structure, formation and functioning of leaf apparatus and productivity of linseed under chlormequat chloride treatment. Ukrainian Journal of Ecology,8(1): 918–926.

Kuryata V.G., & Golunova L.?.(2018). Peculiarities of the formation and functioning of soybean-rhizobial complexes and the productivity of soybean culture under the influence of retardant of paclobutrazol. Ukrainian Journal of Ecology, 8(3): 98–105.

Kuryata VG, Polyvanyi SV. (2018).Formation and functioning of source-sink relation system of oil poppy plants under treptolem treatment towards crop productivity. Ukrainian Journal of Ecology, 8(1): 11–20.

Kuryata, V.G.,  Rogach, V.V., Buina,  O.I., &  Kushnir O.V. (2017). Impact of gibberelic acid and tebuconazole on formation of the leaf system and functioning of donor – acceptor plant system of solanaceae vegetable crops. Regulatory Mechanisms in Biosystems, 8(2), 162-168. org/10.15421/021726.

Kuryata, V.G., & Poprotska, I. V. (2019). Physiological and biochemical basics of application of retardants in plant growing. Vinnitsa."Tvory" [in Ukrainian].

Kuryata, V.G., Poprotska, ?.V., & Rogach, ?.?. (2017). The impact of growth stimulators and retardants on the utilization of reserve lipids by sunflower seedlings. Regulatory mechanisms in biosystems, 8(3), 317-322. org/10.15421/021726.

Matysiak, K., & Kaczmarek, S. (2013). Effect of chlorocholine chloride and triazoles – tebuconazole and flusilazole on winter oilseed rape (Brassica napus var. oleifera L.) in response to the application term and sowing density. Journal of plant protection research, 53(1): 79–88.

Panyapruek, S., Sinsiri, W., Sinsiri, N., Arimatsu, P., & Polthanee, A. (2016) Effect of paclobutrazol growth regulator on tuber production and starch quality of cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz). Asian Journal of Plant Sciences, 15(1-2), 1-7. doi:10.3923/ajps.2016.1.7.

Poprotska, I. V., & Kuryata, V. G. (2017). Features of gas exchange and use of reserve substances in pumpkin seedlings in conditions of skoto- and photomorphogenesis under the influence of gibberellin and chlormequat-chloride. Regulatory Mechanisms in Biosystems, 8(1), 71-76. doi.org/10.15421/021713.

Rademacher, W. (2016). ?hemical regulators of gibberellin status and their application in plant production. Annual Plant Reviews, 49, 359-403. doi: 10.1002/9781119312994.apr0541.

Rogach, V. V., Kravets, O. O., Buina, O. I., & Kuryata, V. G. (2018). Dynamic of accumulation and redistribution of various carbohydrate forms and nitrogen in organs of tomatoes under treatment with retardants. Regulatory Mechanisms in Biosistems, 9(2), 293-299 . doi: 10.15421/021843.

Rogach, V. V., Poprotska, I. V., & Kuryata, V. G. (2016). Effect of gibberellin and retardants on morphogenesis, photosynthetic apparatus and productivity of the potato. Visnik Dnipropetrovsk University Seria Biology. Ekology, 24(2), 416-419 (in Ukrainian). doi:10.15421/011656.

Wang, Y., Gu, W., Xie, T., Li, L., Sun, Y., Zhang, H., Li, J., & Wei, S. (2016). Mixed Compound of DCPTA and CCC increases maize yield by improving plant morphology and up-regulating photosynthetic capacity and antioxidants. Plos one, 1-25. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0149404.

Yu, S. M., Lo, S. F., & Ho, T. D. (2015). Source-sink communication: regulated by hormone, nutrient, and stress cross-signaling. Trends in Plant Science, 20(12), 844-857. doi: 10.1016/j.tplants.2015.10.009.

Zhang, W., Xu, F., Hua, C., & Cheng, S. (2013). Effect of chlorocholine chloride on chlorophyll, photosynthesis, soluble sugar and flavonoids of Ginkgo biloba. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca, 41(1), 97-103. doi: 10.15835/nbha4118294.

Share this article