Effect of heavy metals soil contamination on the oncological diseases rate


I. P. Suhanova, S. P. Sonko, O. V. Vasylenko, O. V. Nikitina, A. V. Balabak, M. A. Shchetyna, I. M. Hurskyi, N. O. Shevchenko, L. V. Soroka, N. V. Nechyporenko


We studied the interrelation between the population health and content of heavy metals in the soils of urban ecosystems. We researched the situation in the city of Uman, Cherkasy region (Ukraine), and determined the links between the ecological quality of the urban environment and the occurrence of ecologically dependent diseases (oncopathology) in the old industrial region (Kryvyi Rih iron-ore basin). We found that the indicators did not exceed the MPC using spectral analysis of the gross content of Cu and Zn, in Uman soils. Spectral analysis of the content of mobile forms of heavy metals in the city soils was performed since mobile forms of heavy metals can be assimilated by plants and subsequently enter the human body and the abiotic component of the ecosystem of extraordinary danger to living organisms. We registered that Ni and Pb content significantly exceeded the MPC, especially in the city areas with heavy traffic. Correlation analysis showed a correlation of low and medium level (r = 0.40–0.52) between the content of mobile forms of heavy metals and the rate of oncological diseases. The correlation for Pb and Ni, the content of which significantly exceeded the MPC, was 0.40 and 0.49, respectively. Thus, we concluded that heavy metals could be a dangerous factor in the territory of Uman.

Keywords:  heavy metals; gross content; content of movable connections; urban ecosystem; ecologically specified diseases; oncopathology


Alekseenko, V.A., Suvorinov, A.V., Vlasova, E.V. (2011). Metals in the environment: assessment of ecological and geochemical changes. Logos, Moscow (in Russian).

Alloway, B. J. (2013). Sources of heavy metals and metalloids in soils. Heavy metals in soils (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands), 11–50.

Djuvelikjan, H.A., Zheglov, D.I., Gorbunova, N.S. (2009). Soil contamination with heavy metals. Methods of control and regulation of contaminated soils. Voronezh.

Fan, Zhang, Xuedong, Yan, Chen, Zeng (2012). Influence of traffic activity on heavy metal concentrations of roadside farmland soil in mountainous areas. Int J Environ Res Public Health, 9(5), 1715–1731. doi: 10.3390/ijerph9051715.

Gasangadjieva, A.G. (2010). Ecological and geographical principles of predicting the incidence of malignant neoplasms in the population of the Republic of Dagestan. Mahachkala.

Glazovskaja, M.A. (2007). Geochemistry of natural and technogenic landscapes. (Landscape-geochemical processes). Moscow.

Human Exposure Assessment. (2000). Environmental Health ?riteria. Geneva. WHO/IPCS.

Jarup, L.  (2003). Hazards of heavy metal contamination December British.  Medical Bulletin, 68(1), 167-182. doi: 10.1093/bmb/ldg032.

Kiku, P. F. (2010). Socio-hygienic analysis of the impact of environmental factors on distribution of ecology-dependent diseases. Bulletin SB RAMS, 30(1), 31–56.

Ljung, K., Selinus, O., Otabbong, E. (2006). Metals in soils of children's urban environments in the small northern European city of Uppsala. Science of the Total Environment, 366 (2–3), 749.

Patz, J.A. (1996). Health adaptation to climate change: need for far-sighted, integrated approaches. In: Adapting to climate change: an international perspective. Smith, J. (Ed.). New York, USA, Springer-Verlag.

Pope, C.A. 3rd, Ezzati, M., Dockery, D.W. (2009). Fine-particulate air pollution and life expectancy in the United States. N Engl J Med, 360, 376–86.

Prüss-Üstün, A., Corvalán, C. (2006). Preventing disease through healthy environments. towards an estimate of the environmental burden of disease. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization (WHO) Press.

Reena Singh, Neetu Gautam, Anurag Mishra (2011). Heavy metals and living systems: An overview Indian J Pharmacol, 43(3), 246–253. doi: 10.4103/0253-7613.81505.

Savolainen, H. (1996). Biochemical and clinical aspects of nickel toxicity. Rev Environ Health, 11, 167–73.

Semenova, Z. A. (2010). Medical geography – the science of man, nature and society. The theory of socio-economic geography: current state and development prospects. Rostov-na-Donu (in Russian).

Shyjan, D.V. (2011). Public geographical study of the incidence of ecologically dependent diseases in the population of Kryvbas. Bulletin of the Donetsk Institute of Social Education: Geography Series, 7, 132–135 (in Ukrainian).

Shmatkov, G.G., Oksamytnyi, A.F., Nikolaeva, I.N. (2009). Environmental problems of ensuring the safe life of technogenically loaded regions (on the example of the Dnipropetrovsk region). Ecology and nature management, 12, 42–47 (in Ukrainian).

Sonko, S.P., Shiyan, D.V. (2015). The study of population morbidity based on the spatial diffuse models in old industrial region of Krivbass. Journal of Socio-Economic Geography: Interregional Collection of Scientific Papers, 18(1), 63–70 (in Ukrainian).

Sonko, S.P., Suhanova, I.P., Golubkina, O.M. (2012). The level of ecologically determined morbidity of the population as a bioindicator of the state of the environment. Proceed. Reg. Sc. Conf. "Actual ecological and agrobiological problems of the Middle Dnieper in the context of sustainable development", 195–198 (in Ukrainian).

Suhoveeva, A. B. (2008). Geo-ecological and geochemical peculiarities of the territory and their impact on health (for example, the Jewish Autonomous region). Ecology and rational nature management, 2, 93–95 (in Russian).

Tymchenko, O.I., Serduk, A.M., Turos, O.I., Omelchenko, E.M. (2000). Methodology for assessing the impact of environmental factors on public health: the choice of research type and indicators. Journal of the Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine, 6(3), 566–574 (in Ukrainian).

Zerbino, D. D. (2002). Environmental pathology and environmental diseases: new challenges of medicine (for example, coronary heart disease). Environment and health, 1, 27–38.

Zherbo, A.P. (2002). Environment and health: approaches to risk assessment. St. Petersburg.


Share this article