Effect of lysine feeding allowance on growth performance and carcass characteristics of growing pigs

Abstract

O.I. Skoromna, O.P. Razanova, T.Y. Tkachenko

The purpose of the study was the effect of lysine in the diets on the performance and slaughter indices of pigs during fattening. Young pigs of the experimental group, for the introduction to the diet of lysine, for 100 days of fattening had a greater live weight of 7.7 kg, or 6.4%. Control slaughter of pigs about the same indices of slaughter output of carcasses at the level of 84.0-86% in the experimental with a difference of slaughter weight by 4.3 kg in favor of the experimental group. A lower yield of internal fat and average fat thickness of 13.0% in experimental pigs was found, which confirms a more intense synthesis of muscle tissue. The content of total and bound moisture in muscle tissue was higher by 4.7% and 7.5%, respectively, in the pigs of the experimental group against control, but lower by 2.5% of free moisture. The consequence of these indicators is a lower solid content of 4.5% in the experimental group of pigs.
Key words: Young pigs; Lysine; Live weight; Carcass weight; Marbling; Tenderness
References
Babkov, Y. (2016). Productive qualities of hybrid piglets on the growth for betaine use. Agrarian Science and Food Technologies, 3 (94), 11–16 (in Ukrainian).
Begma, N. (2009). The use of by-products of corn and mustard processing in the feeding of pigs. Lviv: Stepan Gzhytskyi National University of Veterinary Medicine and Biotechnologies (in Ukrainian).
Durst, L., Wittman, M. (2003). Feeding farm animals. Vinnytsia, New Book (in Ukrainian).
Gutsol, A., Bilyavtseva, V. (2016). Efficiency of the use of VMS "Enervik" in growing of meat pigs. Agrarian Science and Food Technologies, 3 (94), 18-28 (in Ukrainian).
Gutsol, A., Bondarenko, V. (2016). The use of “MinVivit” VMS in feeding of young pigs. Agrarian Science and Food Technologies, 3 (94), 29-39 (in Ukrainian).
Goncharuk, A. (2016). Productivity and hematological parameters of young pigs in feeding the BVMD "Intermix". Agrarian Science and Food Technologies, 3 (94), 29-39 (in Ukrainian)
Handbook: Physiological and biochemical methods of research in biology, stockbreeding and veterinary medicine. (2004). Vlizlo, V. V. (Ed.). Lviv: Institute of animal biology National Academy of Agrarian Sciences (in Ukainian)
Hornsey, H.C. (1956). The colour of cooked cured pork. I. Estimation of the nitric oxidehaem pigments. J. Sci. Food Agr, 7, 534–540.
Itten, J. (2001). The elements of color: a treatise on the color system of Johannes Itten, based on his book The art of color. New York, USA, John Wiley and Sons.
Kalashnikov, A.P., Fisinin, V.I., Shcheglov, V.V., & Kleymenov, N.I. (ed.) (2003). Norms and rations of feeding of farm animals. Moscow (in Russian).
Lugova, G.A., Karpets, Yu.V., Weiner, A.A., & Koglupayev, Yu.E.. (2017). Induction of resistance of millet plants to abiotic stressors by the action of jasmine acid (pp. 346-353). In: Morgun V.V. (ed.) Plant physiology: achievements and new directions of development; in a row. Kyiv: Logos (in Ukrainian)
Mazurenko, M.A., Gutsol, N.V., & Datsyuk, I.V. (2016). Effectiveness of feeding Intermix premixes of pigs for meat production. Agrarian Science and Food Technologies, 3 (94), 46-57 (in Ukrainian)
Miko??ajczak B., Mesy??ski A., Rzosi??ska E., Bartkowiak Z., Danyluk B. (1999). Tenderness of pig meat with differentiated meatiness. Roczniki Instytutu Przemys??u Mi??snego i T??uszczowego, 36, 61–76 (in Polish).
Petukhova E.A., Bessarabova V.F., Khamneva L.D. (1989). Zootechnical analysis of feed: a manual for students. Moscow: Agropromizdat (in Russian).
Semenov, S.O., Vyslanko, O.O., Bulavkina, T.P., & Chapovsky, M.I. (2002). The use of betaine preparation for raising semen production of boars. Bulletin of the Poltava State Agrarian Academy, 5-6, 70 (in Ukrainian).
Szalata M., Pospiech E., ?yczy??ski A., Urbaniak M., Frankiewicz A., Miko??ajczak B., Mesy??ski A., Rzosi??ska E., Bartkowiak Z., Danyluk B. (1999). Tenderness of pig meat with differentiated meatiness. Roczniki Instytutu Przemys??u Mi??snego i T??uszczowego, 36, 61–76 (in Polish).
Yanovich, V.G., Sologub, L.I. (2000). Biological bases of nutrient transformation in ruminants. Lviv: Triad Plus (in Ukrainian).

Share this article