Effect of morphological and biochemical blood composition on milk yield in Simmental breed cows of different production types
N.P. Mazur, V.V. Fedorovych, E.I. Fedorovych, O.V. Fedorovych, P.V. Bodnar, B.V. Gutyj, M.I. Kuziv, N.M. Kuziv, T.V. Orikhivskyi, O.S. Grabovska, H.H. Denys, N.P. Stakhiv, V.Yu. Hudyma, N.I. Pakholkiv
We studied the blood morphological and biochemical parameters of mature cows of different production types of Simmental breed at 2–3, 5–6, and 8–9 months of lactation and relation of these parameters with milk yields. We found that morphological and biochemical parameters of blood in cows depended on lactation period. We marked the highest level of hemoglobin content, red blood cells, content of glucose, total protein, albumins, α- and β-globulins, albumin-globulin ratio, and the highest levels of aspartate aminotransferase activity and alkaline phosphatase (ALKP) at the beginning of lactation period (2-3 month), that is period with pronounced milk yield. We also registered the differences in blood morphology and biochemistry in animals of different production types. Cows of the dairy-meat production type had the highest red blood cells number, hemoglobin content, total protein, albumins and coefficient of albumin-globulin ratio; the cows of dairy productive type had the highest globulins and α- and γ-globulins content, whereas the cows of the meat-dairy production type had the highest β-globulins, glucose content, aspartate aminotransferase, and alkaline phosphatase activities. These specific intertypical traits in the morphological and biochemical blood composition indicate the higher intensity of oxidative and metabolic processes in the body of animals of combined production type. We did not observe the significant differences between calcium and phosphorus content in the blood. We revealed the highest correlation between calcium and milk content in the blood for cows of meat-dairy production type (r=0.234), and between the phosphorus content in cows of dairy-meat productive type (r=0.256). We concluded this indicated the higest level of transformation of calcium and phosphorus from blood into the milk in cows of these production types. We revealed that all groups of animals have the high positive correlation between daily yield and blood hemoglobin content (r=0.501–0.572), glucose (r=0.368–0.495), alkaline phosphatase activity (r=0.439–0.520) and strong negative correlation between daily yield and γ-globulins content (=-0.365-0.625). The power of production type factor on the morphological and biochemical blood composition was higher (6.7–49.9%) compared to the power of lactation period factor (2.7–16.9%). We suggested that these factors mostly influenced the protein composition in blood serum and alkaline phosphatase activity.
Keywords: Cows; Simmental breed, production type; blood; morphological and biochemical parameters; mineral composition; daily yield; correlation coefficients; strength of influence
Anisimova, E. I., Katmakov, P. S., & Fadeeva, N. V. (2011). Interior and productive features of Simmental cattle of various inbreeding types. Bulletin of the Ulyanovsk State Agricultural Academy, 2(14), 77–81 (in Russian).
Aysanov, Z. (1997). Determination of production types of dairy cattle. Dairy and beef cattle breeding, 1, 29–30 (in Russian).
Babik, N. P., & Fedorovych, Ye. I. (2013). Dynamics of morphological and biochemical parameters of blood of young animals of limousine and Volyn meats. Bulletin of Sumy National Agrarian University, 1(22), 72–76 (in Ukrainian).
Borshch, O. O., Gutyj, B. V., Sobolev, O. I., Borshch, O. V., Ruban, S. Yu., Bilkevich, V. V., Dutka, V. R., Chernenko, O. M., Zhelavskyi, M. M., & Nahirniak, T. (2020). Adaptation strategy of different cow genotypes to the voluntary milking system. Ukrainian Journal of Ecology, 10(1), 145–150. doi: 10.15421/2020_23.
Brun-Hansen, H. C., Kampen, A. H. & Lund, A. (2006). Hematologic values in calves during the first 6 months of life. Veterinary Clinical Pathology, 35, 182–187. doi: 10.1111/j.1939-165X.2006.tb00111.x.
Cônsolo, N. R. B., Munro, J. P., Bourgon, S. L., Karrow, N. A., Fredeen, A. H., Martell, J. E. & Montanholi, Yu. R. (2018). Associations of blood analysis with feed efficiency and developmental stage in grass-fed beef heifers. Animals (Basel), 8(8), 133. doi: 10.3390/ani8080133.
Cozzi, G., Ravarotto, L., Gottardo, F., Stefani, A. L., Contiero, B., Moro, L., Brscic, M. & Dalvit, P. (2011). Short communication: Reference values for blood parameters in Holstein dairy cows: Effects of parity, stage of lactation, and season of production. Journal of Dairy Science, 94, 3895–3901. doi: 10.3168/jds.2010-3687.
Dillane, P., Krump, L., Kennedy, A., Sayers, R. G., & Sayers, G. P. (2018). Establishing blood gas ranges in healthy bovine neonates differentiated by age, sex, and breed type. Journal of Dairy Science, 101, 3205–3212. doi: 10.3168/jds.2017-13445.
Djoković, R., Kurćubić, V., Ilić, Z., Cincović, M., Lalović, M., Jašović, B., & Bojkovski, J. (2017). Correlation between blood biochemical metabolites milk yield, dry matter intake and energy balance in dairy cows during early and mid lactation. Advances in Diabetes and Metabolism, 5(2), 26–30. doi: 10.13189/adm.2017.050202.
Fedorovych, Ye. I., & Siratskyi, Y. Z. (2004). Western intra-breed type of Ukrainian Black-and-White dairy breed: economic-biological and breeding-genetic features. Kyiv: Scientific World (in Ukrainian).
Fedorovych, Ye., Fedorovych, V. & Siratskyi, Y. (2002). Peculiarities of metabolism and energy in animals of Western domestic breed of Ukrainian black-rumped dairy breed of different age and productivity level. Livestock of Ukraine, 1, 13–16 (in Ukrainian).
Gutyi, B., Ostapiuk, A., Kachmar, N., Stadnytska, O., Sobolev, O., Binkevych, V., Petryshak, R., Petryshak, O., Kulyaba, O., Naumyuk, A., Nedashkivsky, V., Nedashkivska, N., Magrelo, N., Golodyuk, I., Nazaruk, N., & Binkevych, O. (2019). The effect of cadmium loading on protein synthesis function and functional state of laying hens’ liver. Ukrainian Journal of Ecology, 9(3), 222–226.
Gutyj, B., Grymak, Y., Drach, M., Bilyk, O., Matsjuk, O., Magrelo, N., Zmiya, M., & Katsaraba, O. (2017). The impact of endogenous intoxication on biochemical indicators of blood of pregnant cows. Regulatory Mechanisms in Biosystems, 8(3), 438–443. doi: 10.15421/021768.
Gutyj, B., Grymak, Y., Hunchak, V., Mysak, A., Nazaruk, N., Brezvyn, O., Hariv, I., Shcherbatyy, A., Semeniv, B., Bushueva, I., Parchenko, V., & Kaplaushenko, A. (2018). Preclinical searches of the preparation Thireomagnile. Ukrainian Journal of Ecology, 8(1), 688–695. doi: 10.15421/2018_267
Gutyj, B., Nazaruk, N., Levkivska, A., Shcherbatyj, A., Sobolev, A., Vavrysevych, J., Hachak, Y., Bilyk, O., Vishchur, V., & Guta, Z. (2017). The influence of nitrate and cadmium load on protein and nitric metabolism in young cattle. Ukrainian Journal of Ecology, 7(2), 9–13.
Irkitova, A.N., Grebenshchikova, A.V., Matsyura, A.V. (2018). Antagonistic activity of Bacillus subtilis strains isolated from various sources. Ukrainian Journal of Ecology, 8(2), 354-364, Doi: 10.15421/2018_354
Kulyaba, O., Stybel, V., Gutyj, B., Turko, I., Peleno, R., Turko, Ya., Golovach, P., Vishchur, V., Prijma, O., Mazur, I., Dutka, V., Todoriuk, V., Golub, O. Dmytriv, O., & Oseredchuk, R. (2019). Effect of experimental fascioliasis on the protein synthesis function of cow liver. Ukrainian Journal of Ecology, 9(4), 612–615.
Mazzullo, G., Rifici, C., Cammarata, F., Caccamo, G., Rizz, M., & Piccione, G. (2014). Effect of different environmental conditions on some haematological parameters in cows. Annals of Animal Science, 14(4), 947–954. doi: 10.2478/aoas-2014-0049.
Montanholi, Y. R., Haas, L. S., Swanson, K. C., Coomber, B. L., Yamashiro, S. & Miller, S. P. (2017). Liver morphometrics and metabolic blood profile across divergent phenotypes for feed efficiency in the bovine. Acta Vet. Scand., 59, 24. doi: 10.1186/s13028-017-0292-1.
Moretti, P., Paltrinieri, S., Trevisi, E., Probo, M., Ferrari, A., Minuti, A. & Giordano, A. (2017). Reference intervals for hematological and biochemical parameters, acute phase proteins and markers of oxidation in Holstein dairy cows around 3 and 30 days after calving. Research in Veterinary Science, 114, 322–331. doi: 10.1016/j.rvsc.2017.06.012.
Novak, I. V., &Fedorovych, Ye. I. (2009). Biological indicators of blood supply to the Ukrainian Black-and-White dairy breed. Science and technology bulletin to the Institute of animal biology of NAAS and State Scientific-Research Control Institute of Veterinary Medicinal Products and Feed Additives, 10(1-2), 74–77 (in Ukrainian).
Pishchan, S.I. (2017). Protein, carbohydrate and lipid metabolism in Swiss cows of different ecological origin in the steppe zone of Ukraine. Scientific Bulletin of the Lviv National University of Veterinary Medicine and Biotechnology named after S. Z. Gzhytskyi, 19(94), 84–90. doi: 10.15421/nvlvet7419.
Tkach, Ye. F. (2013). Blood composition and its association with dairy productivity of cows of different ages and productivity levels. Bulletin of Poltava State Agrarian Academy, 1, 85–88 (in Ukrainian).
Vizlo V. V. et al. (2012): Laboratory methods of research in biology, animal husbandry and veterinary medicine: edited by V.V. Vizlo. Lviv: Spolom (in Ukrainian).
Widayati, D. T., Bintara, S., Natawihardja, I., & Maharani, D. (2018). Research article blood biochemical profile in fertile and repeat breeder ongole cross breed cows. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 21, 166–170. doi: 10.3923/pjbs.2018.166.170.
Yefimov, V. H., Zavrina, S. V., Masiuk, D. M. & Kulyk, K. A. (2016). Features of mineral nutrition of cows. Feeds and facts, 5(69), 24–26 (in Ukrainian).
Zaplatinsky, V. S., & Fedorovych, E. I. (2017). Morphological and biochemical blood indices of obroshinsky gray and obroshinsky white natural group geese ant its depending on their physiological state. Scientific Bulletin of the Lviv National University of Veterinary Medicine and Biotechnology named after S.Z. Gzhytskyi, 19(79), 140–144. doi: 10.15421/nvlvet79257.