Effect of the elements of corn cultivation technology on bioethanol production under conditions of the right-bank forest-steppe of Ukraine


V. Palamarchuk, I. Honcharuk, T. Honcharuk, N. Telekalo

The paper presents the results of a three-year research on the technology of corn cultivation and efficiency of starch utilization as bio-feedstock for bioethanol production in Ukraine. Peculiarities of carbohydrate accumulation in corn hybrids depending on the fraction size, seeding depth and conditions of cultivation are determined. The effect of seed fraction size (small, medium and large), seeding depth (4, 7 and 11 cm) on the yield, starch content and output, approximate bioethanol output in corn hybrids of three maturity groups (early- ‘DKC 2960’ and ‘DKC 2971’, mid-early- ‘DKC 3472’, ‘DKC 3795’, and mid- ‘DK 315’ and ‘DKC 4082’ originated by the company DEKALB Monsanto Ukraine) is analyzed. The influence of environmental conditions on the studied characteristics and indicators is revealed. Dependence of productivity, starch content and bioethanol output on the seeding depth and seed fraction size is disclosed. There has been observed the growth of genetic control of these indicators depending on the specific hybrid, compared to the investigated technology elements. Application of large linear-size seeds and the optimum seeding depth of 4-7 cm provide an opportunity to increase the yield, starch content and bioethanol output.

Keywords: Bioethanol; bio-feedstock; hybrid; seeding depth; corn; yield; seed fraction

AACC International 2000 (AACCI Method 76-13.01 Total Starch Assay Procedure (Megazyme Amyloglucosidase/alpha-Amylase Method).
Dudka, T. V. (2012). The expediency of obtaining bioethanol from grain. Variety study and protection of rights for plant varieties, 1: 44-47.
Eisentraut, A., Brown, A., Fulton, L. (2011). Technology Roadmap: Biofuels for Transport. International Energy Agency, Paris, France, pp. 1-56.
Gawande, S. B., Patil, I. D. (2014). Utilization of Cereal Grains for Bioethanol Production: A Critical Review. Pratibha: International Journal of Science, Spirituality, Business and Technology, 3(1): 60-66.
Hoysaliuk, Y. (2015). How corn is grown in agroholding (Basic elements, techniques and features of technology). Grain (all-Ukrainian journal of modern agro-industrialist), 2 (107): 92-94.
Huriev, V., Levandovskym, A. (2010). Selection of corn hybrids for grain use for biofuels. Proposition, 7: 68-72.
Kaletnik, H. M. (2015). Production and use of biofuels: Manual. Vinnytsia: Konsol, 408 pp.
Kamenshchuk, B. D. (2012). Estimation of corn hybrids for bioethanol production. Bulletin of Agrarian Science, 12: 26-28.
Kamenshchuk, B. D. (2013). Estimation of corn hybrids for bioethanol production. Agronomist, 3: 162-163.
Lin, Y., Tanaka, S. (2006). Ethanol Fermentation from Biomass Resources: Current State and Prospects. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, 69(6): 627-642.
Pavlov, A. N. (1967). Accumulation of protein in wheat and corn. M.: Izdatelstvo Nauka, 340 pp.
Polishkevich, O. R. (2011). Efficiency of corn use for production of alternative fuels. Bulletin of the Agrarian Science of the Black Sea Region, 3(60): 76-80.
Priadkina, H. O., Mikhalska, L. M., Shvartau, V. V. (2013). Starch in corn grain as feedstock for bioethanol production. Bioenergetics, 2: 40-41.
Renewable Fuels Association. (2016). World Fuel Ethanol Production. Analysis of Public and Private Estimates [Online] Retrieved July 7, 2017. http://www.ethanolrfa.org/resources/industry /statistics/world/
Rybalka, O. I., Chervonis, M. V., Morhun, B. V., Pochynok, V. M., Polischuk, S. S. (2013). Genetic and breeding criteria for creation of varieties of grain crops of the alcohol-distillate field of the technological grain use. Physiology and biochemistry of crops, 45(1): 3-20.
State Energy Efficiency and Energy Saving Agency of Ukraine. http://saee.gov.ua/uk
State Standard 46.045: 2003 “Grain. Methods of relative starch determination” July 25, N 250.
Tan, K. T., Lee K. T., Mohamed, A. R. (2008). Role of Energy Policy in Renewable Energy Accomplishment: The Case of Second - Generation Bioethanol. Energy Policy, 36(9): 3360-3365.
Thiruvengadathan, T. N. (2017). Bioethanol Production Using Saccharomyces cerevisae Cultivated In Sugarcorn Juice. Thesis for the degree in Master of Engineering Science. The University of Western Ontario. https://ir.lib.uwo.ca/etd/4645/
Wu, X., Zhao, R., Wang, D., Bean, S., Seib. P. A., Tuinstra, M. R., Campbell, M., O'Brien, A. (2006). Effects of amylose amylopectin ratio, corn protein and corn fiber content on ethanol production. Cereal Chemistry, 83(5): 569-575.
Yianosh, N. (2012). Corn. Vinnytsya: FOP D.U. Korzun, 580 pp.
Zahinaylo, M. I., Levandovskii, A. A., Tahantsova, M. M., Havriliuk, V. M. (2012). Sugar Corn: both food and medicine. Quarantine and plant protection, 4: 20-24.

Share this article