Efficiency of chemical protection of spring rape and mustard from cruciferous bugs

Abstract

S.V. Stankevych, V.V. Vilna, I.V. Zabrodina, T.V. Antonenko, I.P. Lezhenina, M.O. Filatov, H.V. Baidyk, L.Ya. Sirous, D.D. Yushchuk, V.O. Melenti, O.A. Molchanova, M.M. Dolya, L.M. Popova, T.O. Galagan, N.A. Zaharchuk

The complex of cruciferous bugs includes such species as painted or harlequin (cabbage) bug (Eurydema ventralis Kol), pentatomid rape bug (E. oleraracea L.), and mustard bug (E. ornata L.). They belong to Hemiptera, the family Shield bugs (Pentatomidae), and the genus Cruciferous bugs (Eurydema). The dominant species is the cabbage bug. The mustard bug dominated only in 2007, and since 2012 it has not been detected in the records. They are widespread throughout the whole territory of Ukraine. Both adult bugs and larvae cause damage to the crops; they pierce the leaf skin or floriferous shoots with the proboscis and suck out the juice. The light spots appear at the puncture points, the tissue dies, falls out, and the irregular form holes are formed. When the seeds are damaged, the flowers and ovary fall off, and the quality of the seeds deteriorates. The harmfulness of the bugs increases dramatically in dry and hot weather. As a result of the researches, it is found out that in 2012−2014 the average technical efficiency of the Biscaya preparation, 24% of oily dispersion on spring rape in 3 days after spraying was 87.7%, in 7 days it was 58,4%, and in 14 days it was 47.9%; on white mustard the technical efficiency was 92.2, 83.0, and 69.5% respectively. As for Chinese mustard, the efficiency was 92.4, 83.1, and 66.7%. The technical efficiency of the insecticides Mospilan, 20% of soluble powder and Nurelle D, 55% of emulsion concentrate is somewhat lower than that of the Biscaya insecticide, 24% of oily dispersion, and, depending on the cultivated crop, in 3 days the technical efficiency was 77.4–83.6% and 78.4–82 0% respectively, in 7 days it was 52.8–74.5% and 68.0–75.5%, in 14 days the efficiency was 49.1−65.5% and 49.0−62.0% respectively. At the Educational, Research and Production Centre Research Field spraying with the Biscaya insecticide ensured saving of the spring rape yield up to 0.249 t/ha, the yield of white mustard was saved at the level of 0.133 t/ha, and the yield of Chinese mustard was saved at the level of 0.201 t/ha. The applying of the Mospilan insecticide, 20% of soluble powder on spring rape crops contributed to saving the yield at the level of 0.317 t/ha, the yield of white mustard was saved at the level of 0.125 t/ha and the yield of Chinese mustard was saved at the level of 0.273 t/ha. Spraying with the preparation Nurelle D, 55% of emulsion concentrate ensured the yield up to 0.344, 0.093, and 0.261 t/ha, respectively.

Keywords: spring rape, mustard, pests, harmfulness, cruciferous bugs, measures of protection.
 

References

 

Beleckij, E. N. & Stankevich, S. V. (2018). Policiklichnost', sinhronnost' i nelinejnost' populjacionnoj dinamiki nasekomyh i problemy prognozirovanija, Vienna, Premier Publishing s.r.o. Vienna (in Russian).

Beleckij, E. N., Stankevich, S. V. & Nemerickaja, L. V. (2017). Sovremennye predstavlenija o dinamike populjacij nasekomyh: proshloe, nastojashhee, budushhee. Sinergeticheskij podhod. Vesti HNAU im. V. V. Dokuchaeva. Ser. “Fitopatologija i Entomologija”, 1–2, 22–33. (in Russian).

Chajka, V. M. & Polishuk, A. A. (2010). Na posivah ozimogo ripaku. Efektivnist riznih metodiv obliku chiselnosti dlya monitoringu entomofauni. Karantin i zahist roslin, 3, 5–7. (in Ukrainian).

Dospehov, B. A. (1985). Metodika polevogo opyta (s osnovami statisticheskoj obrabotki rezultatov issledovanij). Moscow: Kolos (in Russian).

Fasulati, K. K. (1971). Polevoe izuchenie nazemnih bespozvonochnyh. Moscow (in Russian).

Golovan, L. V., Klymenko, I. V. & Stankevych, S. V. et al. (2019). The inheritance of economically valuable features in the intraspecific hybridization of bean (?haseolus L). Ukrainian Journal of Ecology, 9 (2), 156–169.

Kost, E. A. (1975). Spravochnik po klinicheskim laboratornym metodam issledovaniya. Moscow, Medicina (in Russian).

Megalov, V. A. (1968). Vyyavlenie vredietlej polevyh kultur. Moscow, Kolos (in Russian).

Metodika uchyota i prognoza razvitiya vredietelej i boleznej polevyh kultur v Centralno–Chernozyomnoj polose. (1976). Voronezh, Centralno–chernozyomnoe knizhnoe izdatelstvo (in Russian).

Nacionalnij standart Ukrayini (2003). Nasinnya silskogospodarskih kultur. Metodi viznachennya yakosti: DSTU 4138–2002. Kiyiv, Derzhspozhivstandart Ukrayini (in Ukrainian).

Nikiforov, A. M. & Bezdenko, T. G. (1951). Metodicheskie ukazaniya po vyyavleniyu vreditelej i boleznej selskohozyajstvennyh rastenij. Minsk, Izd. AN BSSR (in Russian).

Omelyuta, V. P. et al. (1986). Oblik shkidnikiv i hvorob silskogospodarskih kultur. Kyiv, Urozhaj, 274. (in Ukrainian).

Puchkov, V. G. (1961). Fauna Ukrayini. Shitniki. Kyiv, Vid-vo AN URSR (in Ukrainian).

Rekomendacii po obsledovaniyu selskohozyajstvennyh ugodij na zaselyonnost vreditelyami i zaselyonnost boleznyami (1975). Kiev, Urozhaj (in Russian).

Stankevich, S. (2015). Shkidniki hrestocvitih. The Ukrainian Farmer, 5 (65), 74−75. (in Ukrainian).

Stankevich, S. V. & Kava, L. P. (2013). Shkidniki ripakiv ozimogo i yarogo u Shidnomu ta Centralnomu Lisostepu Ukrayini. Visnik HNAU im. V. V. Dokuchayeva. Seriya "Fitopatologiya ta entomologiya", 10, 163–168. (in Ukrainian).

Stankevich, S. V. & Vilna, V. V. (2012). Vidovij sklad kompleksu hrestocvitih klopiv v umovah Harkivskogo rajonu. Dinamika bioriznomanittya. Lugansk, LNU im. T. G. Shevchenka, 110. (in Ukrainian).

Stankevich, S.V. & Zabrodina, I.V. (2016). Ekonomichni porogi shkidlivosti osnovnih shkidnikiv silskogospodarskih kultur. Harkiv, HNAU (in Ukrainian).

Stankevich, S.V. & Zabrodina, I.V. (2016). Monitoring shkidnikiv silskogospodarskih kultur, Harkiv, FOP Brovin O.V. (in Ukrainian).

Stankevich, S.V., Beleckij, E.N. & Zabrodina, I.V. (2019a). Ciklicheski-nelinejnaya dinamika prirodnyh sistem i problemy prognozirovaniya. Vankuver, Accent Graphics Communications & Publishing. Vankuver (in Russian).

Stankevych, Biletskyj, Ye.M. & Golovan, L.V. (2020a). Polycyclic character, synchronism and nonlinearity of insect population dynamics and prognostication problem. Kharkiv, PublishingHouse I. Ivanchenko.

Stankevych, S.V., Baidyk, H.V., Lezhenina, I.P. et al. (2019b). Wandering of mass reproduction of harmful insects within the natural habitat. Ukrainian Journal of Ecology, 9(4), 578–583.

Stankevych, S.V., Biletskyj, Ye.M., Zabrodina, I.V. et al. (2020b). Prognostication algorithms and predictability ranges of mass reproduction of harmful insects according to the method of nonliner dynamics. Ukrainian Journal of Ecology, 10(1), 37–42.

Stankevych, S.V., Biletskyj, Ye.M., Zabrodina, I.V. et al. (2020c). Cycle populations dynamics of harmful insects. Ukrainian Journal of Ecology, 10(3), 147–161.

Stankevych, S.V., Biletskyj, Ye.M., Zabrodina, I.V. et al. (2020d). Prognostication in plant protection. Review of the past, present and future of nonliner dynamics method. Ukrainian Journal of Ecology, 10(4), 225–234.

Stankevych, S.V., Vasylieva, Yu.V., Golovan, L.V. et al. (2019c). Chronicle of insect pests massive reproduction. Ukrainian Journal of Ecology, 9(1), 262–274.

Stankevych, S.V., Yevtushenko, M.D., Vilna, V.V. et al. (2021a). Species ratio in the complex of the cruciferous bugs and seasonal dynamics of the population number. Ukrainian Journal of Ecology, 11 (1), 38-45.

Stankevych, S.V., Yevtushenko, M.D., Vilna, V.V. et al. (2019d). Integrated pest management of flea beetles (Phyllotreta spp.) in spring oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.). Ukrainian Journal of Ecology, 9(3), 198–207.

Stankevych, S.V., Yevtushenko, M.D., Vilna, V.V. et al. (2019e). Efficiency of chemical protection of spring rape and mustard from rape blossom beetle. Ukrainian Journal of Ecology, 9(4), 584–598.

Stankevych, S.V., Yevtushenko, M.D., Vilna, V.V. et al. (2020e). Host plants as reservoirs of the main oil–producing cabbage crops pests in the eastern forest–steppe of Ukraine. Ukrainian Journal of Ecology, 10(6), 243–248.

Stankevych, S.V., Yevtushenko, M.D., Zabrodina, I.V. et al. (2020f). Pests of oil producing cabbage crops in the eastern forest–steppe of Ukraine. Ukrainian Journal of Ecology, 10(5), 223–232.

Stankevych, S.V., Yevtushenko, M.D., Zabrodina, ?.V. et al. (2019f). V.V. Dokuchaiev Scientific school of Kharkiv National Agrarian University and development agricultural entomology in XIX–XXI centuries. Ukrainian Journal of Ecology, 9(2), 170–178.

Stankevych, S.V., Vilna, V.V., Zabrodina, I.V. et al. (2021b). Harmfulness of cruciferous bugs. Ukrainian Journal of Ecology, 11 (2), 417-428.

Tribel, S. O. et al. (2001). Metodiki viprobuvannya i zastosuvannya pesticidiv. Kiyiv, Svit (in Ukrainian).

Turenko, V. P., Bilyk, M. O. & Zhukova, L. V. et al. (2019). Pathogens of spring barley on abiotic factors in the eastern forest – steppe of Ukraine. Ukrainian Journal of Ecology, 9 (2), 179–188.

Vilna, V. V. & Stankevich, S. V. (2013). Hrestocviti klopi ta obmezhennya yih shkidlivosti u NNVC Doslidne pole HNAU im. V. V. Dokuchayeva. Visnik HNAU im. V. V. Dokuchayeva. Seriya "Fitopatologiya ta entomologiya", 10, 64−70. (in Ukrainian).

Vilna, V. V. & Stankevich, S. V. (2014). Hrestocviti klopi ta ripakovij kvitkoyid – osnovni shkidniki generativnih organiv olijnih kapustyanih kultur u Shidnomu Lisostepu Ukrayini. Visti Harkivskogo entomologichnogo tovaristva, XXII, 1−2, 5−11. (in Ukrainian).

Vilna, V. V. (2013). Dinamika chiselnosti klopiv rodu Eurydema (Hemiptera: Pentatomydae) na posivah kapustyanih kultur u NNVC Doslidne pole HNAU im. V. V. Dokuchayeva. Visti Harkivskogo entomologichnogo tovaristva, XXI, 2, 63−66. (in Ukrainian).

Vilna, V. V., Yevtushenko M.D. & Stankevich S. V. (2015). Rasteniya-rezervatory hrestocvetnyh klopov. Zemledelie i zashita rastenij, 1 (98), 43−45. (in Ukrainian).

Yevtushenko, M. D. & Vilna, V. V. (2014). Vidovij sklad sisnih shkidnikiv ripaku yarogo i girchici ta osoblivosti biologiyi hrestocvitih klopiv. Visnik HNAU im. V. V. Dokuchayeva. Seriya "Fitopatologiya ta entomologiya", 1−2, 70−80. (in Ukrainian).

Yevtushenko, M. D., Fedorenko, N.V. & Stankevich, S.V. (2009). Efektivnist insekticidiv pri zahisti yarogo ripaku vid blishok (Phylotretta Spp.) ta klopiv (Eurydema Spp.) do cvitinnya. Visnik HNAU im. V. V. Dokuchayeva. Seriya "Entomologiya ta fitopatologiya", 8, 39−43. (in Ukrainian).

Yevtushenko, M. D., Stankevich, S.V. & Vilna, V.V. (2014). Hrestocviti blishki, ripakovij kvitkoyid na ripaku yaromu j girchici u Shidnomu Lisostepu Ukrayini. Harkiv (in Ukrainian).

Yevtushenko, M. D., Vilna, V. V. & Stankevich, S. V. (2016). Hrestocviti klopi na ripaku yaromu j girchici u Shidnomu Lisostepu Ukrayini. Harkiv, FOP Brovin O.V. (in Ukrainian).

Share this article