Efficiency of potato and garlic virus control by interferon use

Abstract

O. Melnyk, I. Mytenko, N. Dukhina, O.Semenchenko, O. Vitanov, S. Shcherbina, S. Datsenko, Y. Zelendin, N. Chefonova, D. Ivanin

The antiviral action of interferon on the virus-infected biotechnological methods of potato and garlic was investigated. The dynamics of accumulation of latent viral infection in potato plants with successive reproduction for the imposition of cascade (every 7-10 days) cultivation was determined and the influence on its yield and seed productivity was determined. According to the results of serological analysis, treatment with 0.025% interferon solution ensures the absence of viruses X, S and B in plants, and also increases the number of tubers of the seed fraction. Reduction of visual symptoms of defeat of different categories of seed material of potato varieties Tiras is 46-56%. Mainly by reducing the occurrence of such mild viral diseases as common and folded mosaic, aucuba-mosaic, and to a lesser extent by severe viral diseases, namely, wrinkled mosaic, twisting and mosaic twisting and mosaic . This provides a yield increase of 3.3-11.0 t/ha depending on the seed category. The corresponding increase in the output of tubers of the seed fraction by successive cascade treatment with interferon in the process of reproduction allows to obtain additional seed material of potato, which can be planted up to 198 hectares of field. An increase in the elite's profitability of growing the elite by 71% through the use of interferon is associated with lower production costs and resource savings. The high antiviral effect of interferon at a concentration of 0.01 to 0.10% for cascade cultivation of winter garlic crops provides for a 22% increase in its yield. In this case, there is also a decrease in the visual symptoms of viral mosaics and other diseases, including complex ones. Thus, the use of cascade interferon treatments during vegetative propagation of vegetative plants allows to restrain the reinfection of seed material and to reduce the rate of its degeneration with consistent propagation.

Keywords: Viruses; Interferon; Potato; Garlic; Degeneration; Seed material
 

References

Vavilenkova, J.A. (2012). Modern conception of interferon system. Repoter of the Smolensk State Medical Academy, 2, 74-82.

Durnikin, D.A., Kolpakov, N.A., Guseva, K.Y., Matsyura, A.V. (2019). In vitro micropropagation and ex vitro rooting of some potato varieties. Ukr ainian Journal of Ecology, 2019, 9(4), 679-689.

Blotckaia, Zh. V. (1995). The problem of viral and virus-like diseases of potatoes. Plant protection XVIII, 34–40.

Bobyr, A. D. (1960). The effect of antibiotics and other substances on the tobacco mosaic virus: avtoref. dis. na soisk. uch. stepeni kand. s.-g. nauk, .01.06.

Vlasov, Iu. A., Larina, E. I. (1982). Agricultural Virology. M.: Kolos.

Gaiduk, P. P. (1983). The study of the antiviral effect of certain chemical compounds with the protection of seed potatoes from viral diseases. Coll. ref. NIR, 15–16, 23.

Grebenshchikova, S. (1975). Conditions affecting potato viruses. Potatoes and vegetables, 7, p. 38.

Demidov, E.S., Shulman, N.I. (2007). Selection methods for resistance to garlic viral diseases. Tiraspol: «Tipar».

Dubovyk, V. I. (2000). the effect of the seed of the potato on its productivity during reproduction. Potatoe industry, 30, 130–135.

Zeiruk, T. V. (1986). Ways to increase the efficiency of healthy potatoes and the variability of the plant from the meristems of the succulents using physiologically active substances. Sb. ref. NIR, 11, 11.

Zykin, A. G. (1970). Aphids are carriers of potato viruses. L.: ”Kolos”.

Ilina, M. G. (1975). Amino acids and amides in potato seed tubers due to their productive qualities. Agrochemistry, 2, 77–82.

Killmer, John. (2017). Clay nanosheets for topical delivery of RNAi for sustained protection against plant viruses. Nature Plants, 3.

Kononuchenko, V. V. (2000). The doctrine of the provision of the potato industry. Potato industry, 30, 3–10.

Kupriianov, D. N. (1978). The accumulation of viral infection depending on the growing conditions and quality of the source material. Selection and seed production of potatoes, 31, 94–98.

Kuchko, A. A., Myc'ko, V. M. (1997). Physiological bases of crop formation and potato quality. K.: ”Dovira”.

Majshhuk, Z. M. (1997). Microclonal propagation of potatoes in vitro: problems and perspectives of the primary incarnation. Potato industry, 27, 182–189.

Muravjov, V.O., Dul'njev, P.G., Mel'nyk, O.V. (2014). The use of pirydyn derivatives in seed potatoes. Bulletin of Kharkiv National Agrarian University, 2, 96–99.

Muravev, V.A., Melnik, A.V., Semibratskaia, T.V. (2016). Use of interferon against potato viruses. Vegetable growing and melon growing, 62, 198–204.

Messiaen, C. (1981). Pesentement potentiet et tolerance aux virus ches lail (Allіum sativum L.), 1, 9, 759–762.

Messiaen, C. (1965). Selection sanitarie de lail: deux solutions possebles au probleme de la mosaegue de lail. Plantes sensibles saines on plantes niroses tolerantes C.R.I.J. Phutiat. Phytopharm circummediter, 204–207.

Mohamed, N. (1981). Garlic yellow streak virus, a poty virus in New Zealand. Ann. Appl. Biol., 97, 1, 65–74.

Pavlov, M. A. (1973). The study of the chemical method of delaying the germination of tubers of seed potatoes during storage. Col. ref. NIR, 5, 25.

Ped'ko, O. I. (1994). The infusion of synthetic chemical preparations for a viral infection with multiplied healthy material in fields. Potato industry, 25, 53–56.

Podgajec'kyj, A. A. (2000). Creation of the initial material firm against virus and viral diseases., 30, 19–26.

Postnikov, D. A. (1990). Protect against viral diseases and maintain high productivity of healthy potato material with a virus inhibitor and growth regulators. Coll. ref. NIR i OKR, 15, 34.

Romanova, S. A., Reifman, V. G., Redneva, A. N. (1989). Potato vaccination with a slightly pathogenic potato X virus strain. Plant Protection in the Far East 37–38.

Reifman, V. G., Gnutova, R. V., Romanova, S. A. (1996). Physiological and biochemical properties of viruses affecting potato and the improvement of seed material in the Far East. agricultural biology, 3, 93–106.

Smit, K. (1960). Viral diseases of plants. M .: Publishing house of foreign. liters.

Sukhov, K. S. (1965). General virology. M .: Higher school.

Sukhov, K. S. (1960). Problemy obshchei i selskokhoziaistvennoi virusologii. Zashchita rastenii ot vreditelei i boleznei, 1, 19–24.

Tereshhenko, O. I., Rodionova, Z. V. ta in. (1974). Field resistance of potato varieties against viral diseases in conditions of southern Polesie of Ukraine.  K.: Urozhaj. 11-13.

Fom'juk, M. K. (1960). Development of Gothic potatoes depending on growing conditions. Questions of potato seed production and control of its degeneration, 60-68.

Tcoglin, L. N. (1987). Photosynthetic apparatus of potato plants with prolonged exposure to viral infection. Plant physiology, 34, 6, 1403–1412.

Chesnokov, P. G. (1961). Potato degeneration disease in the USSR. M. L .: Publishing house of agricultural literature, magazines and posters.

Shmyglia, V. A., Postnikov, D. A., Kiniakin, N. F. (1991). Use of a DGT virus inhibitor and growth regulators. Agricultural chemistry, 5, 36–42.

Share this article