Efficiency of premixes with Bioplex® microelements in the diets of Holstein cattle


A. Horchanok, O. Kuzmenko, L. Lytvyshchenko, M. Lieshchova, N. Prysiazhniuk, O. Bevz, O. Slobodeniuk

The feeds grown in the research farm in the Steppe of Ukraine have the composition with a low concentration of vital microelements. Cuprum content in alfalfa haylage harvested in different years ranged from 1.66 to 3.11 mg/kg; in silage it was 0.70-1.17 mg/kg; in hay it was 6.71-11.01 mg/kg, and in semi-sugar beets the cuprum content was 1.17-2.04 mg/kg. In regards to concentrated feeds, the least Cuprum content was registered in corn grain and was 2.26-3.93 mg/kg. The insignificant cuprum amount was reported for the barley and pea grain: 3.93-7.41 and 2.83-5.50 mg/kg, respectively, while the most abundant amount was in sunflower meal - about of 18.64–29.33 mg/kg. The article presents the results of effect of organic minerals Bioplex Mn, Bioplex Cu and Bioplex Zn on milk productivity and quality of Holstein cattle in the Steppe Zone of Ukraine. Replacement of Mn sulphate with Bioplex Mn increased the productivity of Holstein cows by 8.52%, replacement of Cu increased the productivity by 5.72%, and replacement of Zn with Bioplex Mn increased the productivity by 11.08%. During cumulative effect of Bioplex Mn, Cu and Zn in the diets of cows demonstrated the best results in productivity; this was by 19.30% more compared with the control group. We also found that the chemical composition of milk did not differ from the control by density, content of protein, lactose and ash. The fat content in the milk of cows in the experimental groups increased by 0.05-0.13%, the number of somatic cells was also decreased.

Keywords: Organic microelements Bioplex Mn; Bioplex Cu and Bioplex Zn; Milk productivity; Milk quality indicators


Ashry, E.l., Hassan, G.M., Soliman, A.A.M. S.M. (2012). Effect of feeding a combination of Zinc, Manganese and Copper Methionine chelates of early lactation high producing dairy cow. Food and Nutrition Science, 3, 1084-1091. DOI:10.4236/fns.2012.38144

Ebbinhe, B (2007). Peredovyie tekhnologii v kormlenii zhvachnykh zhivotmykh [Advanced technologies in feeding ruminants]. Hlavnii zootekhnik [The main livestock], 5, 25-27. (in Russian).

Faulkner, M.J., Wenner, B.A., Solden, L.M., Weiss, W.P. (2016). Source of supplemental dietary copper, zinc, and manganese affects fecal microbial relative abundance in lactating dairy cows. J Dairy Sci, 100(2), 1037-1044. DOI: 10.3168/jds.2016-11680

Fremaut, D. (2003). Trace mineral proteinates in modern pig production. In: Nutrition Biotechnology in the free and food industries. Alltech 19th Ann / Symp., Nottingham Univ. Press, 171-178.

Gayathri, S. L. (2018). Chelated minerals and its effect on animal production. Agricultural Reviews, 39(4), 314-320. DOI: 10.18805/ag.R-1823

Gowda, N.K.S., Pal, D.T., Krishnamoorthy, P., Verma, Swati, Maya, G. and Prasad, C.S. (2014). Response of chelated copper and zinc supplementation in Rambouillet crossbred lambs under intensive system. The Indian Journal of Small Ruminants, 20(2), 33-37.

Hassan, A.A., El Ashry, Gh. M. and Soliman, S.M. (2011). Effect of supplementation of chelated zinc on milk production in ewes. Food and Nutrition Science, 2(7), 706-713. URL: doi:10.4236/fns.2011.27097

Horchanok, A. V., & Kuzmenko, O. A. (2018). Bіologіchna dostupnіst' mіkroelementіv z rіznih spoluk v organіzmі korіv ta їh vpliv naperetravnіst' [Bioavailability of microelements of different compounds in the body of cows and their indigestibility]. Zbіrnik naukovih prac' mіzhnarodnoї naukovo-praktichnoї konferencії. Agrarna nauka ta osvіta v umovah Evroіntegracії, [Bulletin of scientific and practical conference. Agricultural science and education in the conditions of Eurointegration] 1, 211-213.

Horchanok, A., Нubanova, N., Bomko, V., Kuzmenko, O., Novitskiy, R., Sobolev, O., Tkachenko, M., Prisjazhnjuk, N. (2019). Influence of chelations on dairy productivity of cows in different periods of manufacturing cycle. Ukrainian Journal of Ecology, 9(1), 231–234.

Horchanok, A.V., Kuzmеnko, O.A., Khalak, V.I., Porotikova, I.I. Lunska, A.Yu. (2019) Efficiency of using of the organic mineral mixed ligand cuprum in the pig feeding. Annals of the Faculty of Engineering Hunedoara. International Journal of Engineering, 17(3), 145–148.

Khavturina, H.V. (2015). Vplyv khelatnykh mikroelementiv - biopleksiv na obminni protsesy v orhanizmi koriv na rozdoi [Influence of chelated microelements - bioplexes on metabolic processes in the body of cows at milking]. Naukovo-tekhnichnyi biuleten Naukovo-doslidnoho tsentru biobezpeky ta ekolohichnoho kontroliu resursiv APK [Scientific and technical bulletin of the Research Center for Biosafety and Environmental Control of Agricultural Resources.], 3(1), 135-141.

Khavturina, H.V., Sviezhentsov, A.I. (2008). Vplyv orhanichnykh form deiakykh mikroelementiv na kilkist somatychnykh klityn v molotsi [Influence of organic forms of some microelements on the number of somatic cells in milk]. Novitni tekhnolohii skotarstva u XXI stolitti: materialy mizhnar. nauk.-prakt. konf. Mykol.derzh. ahrar. un-t. [The latest technologies of animal husbandry in the XXI century: materials of the international. scientific-practical conf. Mykhol. state agrarian un-t.]. Mykhovaiv. (in Ukrainian).

Kinal, S., Korniewicz, A., Słupczyńska, M., Bodarski, R., Korniewicz, D., Čermák, B. (2007). Effect of the application of bioplexes of zinc, copper and manganese on milk quality and composition of milk and colostrum and some indices of the blood metabolic profile of cows Czech J. Anim. Sci., 52, (12), 423–429

Kozyr, V. S., & Svezhencov, A. I. (2002). Prakticheskie metodiki issledovanij v zhivotnovodstve [Practical research methods in animal husbandry]. Dnepropetrovsk, Art-Press Publ. (in Russian).

Nollet, L., Huyghebaert, G. and Spring, P. (2008). Effect of different levels of dietary organic (Bioplex) trace minerals on live performance of broiler chickens by growth phases. Journal of Applied Poultry Research, 17, 109-115. doi.org/10.3382/japr.2007-00049

Pal, D. T. Gowda, N. K. S. (2015). Organic trace minerals for improving livestock production. Broadening Horizons No.17, May 2015.

Sethy, K., Behera, K., Mishra, S. K., Gupta, S.K., Sahoo, N., Parhi, S.S., Mahapatra, M. R. and Khadanga. S. (2018). Effect of organic zinc supplementation on growth, metabolic profile and antioxidant status of Ganjam Sheep. Indian J. Anim. Res, 52(6), 839-842. DOI:10.18805/ijar.B-3297

Sviezhentsov, A.I. (1998). Osobennosti biogeokhimicheskoi situatsii na yuge Ukrainy dlia tselei zhivotnovodstva [Features of the biogeochemical situation in the south of Ukraine for livestock purposes]. Migratsiia metallov i radionuklidov v zvene: pochva-rasteniie (korm, ratsion)-zhivotnoie-product zhivotnovodstva-chelovek: sb. materialov mezhdunar.konf. [Migration of metals and radionuclides in the link: soil-plant (feed, diet)-animal-animal product-man. Bulletin of international. conf.]. Novgorod (in Russian).

Share this article