Energy efficient growing of red beet in the conditions of central forest steppe of Ukraine


S.A. Vdovenko, I.I. Palamarchuk, H.V. Pantsyreva, O.O. Alexeyev, L.O. Vdovenko

Two varieties of red beet like Chervona kulia and Nosivskyi ploskyi were used in the investigation. The row scheme with the spacing of 45 cm and the band scheme of 20+50 cm were applied to study the effect of seed sowing on the yield of red beet. In order to determine the effect of the biological preparation we applied the treatment of plants with the solution of Azotobacterin and Phytosporin three times during the vegetation period. The 45 × 14 cm row seed sowing scheme in the varieties and the sample with Azotobacterin application provided the largest weight of 229.1-234.6 g of root-beets. The application of the 45 × 14 cm seed sowing scheme with the total amount of 159,000 plants per hectare provides the yield of 36.4-37.3 t/ha. By applying the bio preparations the yield of root-beets is 31.5-43.5 t/ha. The largest yield of 43.5 t/ha on Chervona kulia variety was received due to Azotobacterin application. The yield due to Phytosporin application was also sufficient though it increased the control level only by 7.6 t/ha. The water, electricity, fertilizers energy, as well as the quality of the basic soil cultivation and hand labour significantly affects the energy value accumulated in the root-beets yield. The largest energy value of 74.973 MJ was received on the Chervona kulia variety by applying the 45 × 14 cm row scheme together with Azotobacterin application.

Keywords: Scheme; variety; bio preparation; root-beets; yield; profitability

Alamanou, S., & Doxastakis, G. (1995). Thermoreversible size selective swelling polymers as a means of purification and concentration of lupin seed proteins (Lupinus albus ssp. Graecus). Food Hydrocolloids, 9(2), 103-109.
Arya, M., Sharma, R., & Das, D. (2012). Effect of pseudomonas on viability of microbial(rhizobial) inoculants during storage. International Journal of Chemical Sciences, 10(3), 1437-1444.
Ayana, A., Afari-Sefa, V., Emana, B., Dinssa, F. F., Balemi, T., & Temesgen, M. (2014). Analysis of vegetable seed systems and implications for vegetable development in the humid tropics of Ethiopia. International Journal of Agriculture and Forestry, 4(4), 325-337.
Buinyi, O. V., Kuryata, V. G., Rogach, V. V. (2015). Effect of 1-naphthaleneacetic acid on the formation of the photosynthetic apparatus and yield of tomatoes. Bulletin of Uman National University, 2, 17-20.
Drakos, A., Doxastakis, G., & Kiosseoglou, V. (2007). Functional effects of lupin proteins in comminuted meat and emulsion gels. Food Chemistry, 100(2), 650-655.
Duranti, M., Consonni, A., Magni, C., Sessa, F., & Scarafoni, A. (2008). The major proteins of lupin seed: characterisation and molecular properties for use as functional and nutraceutical ingredients. Trends in Food Science & Technology, 19(12), 624-633.
Eviner, V. T., Chapin, F. S. (1997). Plant – microbial interaction. Nature. 85(6611), 26.
Gorlov, I. F., Gelunova, O. B., Giro, T. M., & Mirzayanova, E. P. (2014). The usage of animal and vegetable origin raw materials combinatorics in meat products of “Halal” category development. American Journal of Agricultural and Biological Sciences, 9(4), 474-481.
Jigna, P., Rathish, N., & Sumitra, C. (2005). Preliminary screening of some folklore medicinal plants from western India for potential antimicrobial activity.
Kowalska, J., Sosnowska, D., Remlein-Starosta, D., Drożdżyński, D., Wojciechowska, R., & Łopatka, L. (2011). Effective Microorganisms in organic farming. Institute of Plant Protection-National Research Institute in Poznań, Mat. MRiRW, 13.
Kolomiets, Y., Grygoryuk, I., & Butsenko, L. (2016). Effect of biological and chemical preparations on peroxidase activity in leaves of tomato plants. ScienceRise 10(1), 48-52.
Kordowska-Wiater, M. (2011). Yeast as plant biological protection factors. Advances in Microbiology, 50(2), 107-119.
Kutz, O. V., Paramonova, T. V. (2015). Cultivation of garden beet and carrot using complex fertilizers. Interdepartmental thematic scientific collection Institute of Vegetables and Melon Growing of NAAS. 61, 124-131.
Lapinskas, E. (1998). Nitrogen fixation of biological nitrogen. Academy (Kedainiai district).
Maluszynska, E., Szydlowska, A., Martyniak, D., Dziamba, S., & Dziamba, J. (2011). Effect of preparations containing effective microorganisms on germination of seeds from organic farming. Bulletin of the Institute of Plant Breeding and Acclimatization.
Peltzer, S. C., Abbott, L. K., & Atkins, C. A. (2002). Effect of low root-zone temperature on nodule initiation in narrow-leafed lupin (Lupinus angustifolius L.). Australian Journal of Agricultural Research, 53(3), 355-365.
Malusa, E., Grzyb, Z., Rozpara, E., Wawrzynczak, P., Rutkowski, K. P., Zmarlicki, K., Michalczuk, B., Podlaska, B., Nowak, D. (2010). Environmental and health importance of organic fruit production. Advances in Agricultural Sciences, 62(1).
Soetan, K. O. (2008). Pharmacological and other beneficial effects of antinutritional factors in plants-A review. African Journal of Biotechnology, 7(25).
Doxastakis, G., Zafiriadis, I., Irakli, M., Marlani, H., & Tananaki, C. (2002). Lupin, soya and triticale addition to wheat flour doughs and their effect on rheological properties. Food Chemistry, 77(2), 219-227.
Ternavskiy, A. (2009). Yields hybrid cucumbers depending of biological agents for growing plants in vertical espalier in the conditions of Forest-Steppe of Ukraine. Proceedings of Vinnitsa NAU, 39, 85-92.
Truba, M., Jankowski, K., & Sosnowski, J. (2012). The reaction of plants to the use of biological preparations. Protection of the Environment and Natural Resources, 53, 41-52.
Vdovenko, S. A., Schigol, V. I. (2015). Yield of Brussels sprouts hybrids during application of biopreparations. Bulletin of Uman National University 2, 20-23.
Vdovenko, S., Davymoka, A., Mudritska, L. (2016). The efficienty of application of some biopreparations on productivy of a leek. Institutional Repository of Zytomyr National Agroecological University, 2(56), 108-113.
Vdovenko, S. A., Rubanenko, O. O., Polutin, O. O. (2017). Optimization of light regime for growing seedlings of solanaceous plants, including under tomatillo greenhouses. Agriculture and Foresty Edition 6(1), 41-47.
Yakimenko, O. S., & Terekhova, V. A. (2011). Humic preparations and the assessment of their biological activity for certification purposes. Eurasian Soil Science, 44(11), 1222.


Share this article