Energy efficient growing of red beet in the conditions of central forest steppe of Ukraine


S.A. Vdovenko, I.I. Palamarchuk, H.V. Pantsyreva, O.O. Alexeyev, L.O. Vdovenko

Two varieties of red beet like Chervona kulia and Nosivskyi ploskyi were used in the investigation. The row scheme with the spacing of 45 cm and the band scheme of 20+50 cm were applied to study the effect of seed sowing on the yield of red beet. In order to determine the effect of the biological preparation we applied the treatment of plants with the solution of Azotobacterin and Phytosporin three times during the vegetation period. The 45 × 14 cm row seed sowing scheme in the varieties and the sample with Azotobacterin application provided the largest weight of 229.1-234.6 g of root-beets. The application of the 45 × 14 cm seed sowing scheme with the total amount of 159,000 plants per hectare provides the yield of 36.4-37.3 t/ha. By applying the bio preparations the yield of root-beets is 31.5-43.5 t/ha. The largest yield of 43.5 t/ha on Chervona kulia variety was received due to Azotobacterin application. The yield due to Phytosporin application was also sufficient though it increased the control level only by 7.6 t/ha. The water, electricity, fertilizers energy, as well as the quality of the basic soil cultivation and hand labour significantly affects the energy value accumulated in the root-beets yield. The largest energy value of 74.973 MJ was received on the Chervona kulia variety by applying the 45 × 14 cm row scheme together with Azotobacterin application.

Keywords: Scheme; variety; bio preparation; root-beets; yield; profitability

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