Environmental emergencies: public civil protection mechanisms
V.S. Kropyvnytskyi, S.V. Maistro, O.I. Krukov, S.V. Stankevych
The author refers to the general goals of preventing public mechanisms of civil protection concerning environmental emergencies, namely the creation of a system ensuring the occurrence of environmental emergencies; creation of conditions for localization of dangerous factors of environmental emergencies; training of population and personnel of enterprises, personnel of rescue formations; creation of conditions for environmental emergency response and minimizing of its consequences; carrying out of measures aimed at reducing of environmental emergency risk. The following classification of current norms of modern foreign legislation in environmental risk and disaster mitigation is presented: general norms of legislative and other acts, preventive, situational, post-emergence, compensatory, and security. The following main provisions of the State strategy for environmental protection and sustainable development are defined: ecologically appropriate placement of productive forces; ecologically safe development of industry, power, transport, and municipal services; ecologically safe development of agriculture; expansion of the use of secondary resources, utilization, neutralization, and waste disposal.
Keywords: environmental emergencies, public mechanisms, environmental disasters, civil protection
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