Environmental implications of international project of MENARID on demographic and social variables

Abstract

A. Afshari, J. Afshari, A. Kaffash

Study of the extensive scope of desert is closely related to rural communities; therefore, recognition of social structure of villagers is an important point in relevant projects and studies. International project of MENARID is the first multi-dimensional project designing to deploy organizational coherence and participation of people, governmental organizations, and private institutions regarding sustainable management of land with emphasis on sustainable natural resources management. Since it is required to be aware of yield and adoption of project with regional conditions to evaluate performance of project and its environmental implications besides attitude of people living in region toward consequences of this project, the extant study was undertaken to examine environmental effects of international project of MENARID on demographic and social variables from the viewpoint of villagers living in Pilot Village, Hamoon Site in Sisitan Province, Iran. 4 villages of Pilot were selected as statistical sample and sample size obtained to 147 households (150 households were selected for more accuracy) using simple random sampling method through Best Survey Software. Methodology of study was descriptive-inferential and data were collected through survey, cases study, observations, and opinions of experts. The obtained data were analyzed through SPSS Software. Results of study showed that there were positive and significant environmental effects of studied project considering all parameters except for housing through mean difference tests of T and ANOVA at level of 5%.

Keywords: Environment; demographic characteristics; social indicators; desertification

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