Environmental implications of international project of MENARID on demographic and social variables
A. Afshari, J. Afshari, A. Kaffash
Study of the extensive scope of desert is closely related to rural communities; therefore, recognition of social structure of villagers is an important point in relevant projects and studies. International project of MENARID is the first multi-dimensional project designing to deploy organizational coherence and participation of people, governmental organizations, and private institutions regarding sustainable management of land with emphasis on sustainable natural resources management. Since it is required to be aware of yield and adoption of project with regional conditions to evaluate performance of project and its environmental implications besides attitude of people living in region toward consequences of this project, the extant study was undertaken to examine environmental effects of international project of MENARID on demographic and social variables from the viewpoint of villagers living in Pilot Village, Hamoon Site in Sisitan Province, Iran. 4 villages of Pilot were selected as statistical sample and sample size obtained to 147 households (150 households were selected for more accuracy) using simple random sampling method through Best Survey Software. Methodology of study was descriptive-inferential and data were collected through survey, cases study, observations, and opinions of experts. The obtained data were analyzed through SPSS Software. Results of study showed that there were positive and significant environmental effects of studied project considering all parameters except for housing through mean difference tests of T and ANOVA at level of 5%.
Keywords: Environment; demographic characteristics; social indicators; desertification
Ahmadi, H., & Jafarian Jolodar, Z. (2004). Effect of desertification on social and economic status of Kerman, Iran, International Journal of coexistence with the Desert Research Center, Tehran University, 9 (2): 207-226.
Afshari, A., & Sahebzadeh, B. (2014). The role of indigenous knowledge in sustainable development project of MENARID on site of Hammonshahr, Sistan, Iran (Case Study: Keikha Village), Third National Conference on Sustainable Development in Arid and Semi-Arid Areas, 15 May 2014, Abarkuh.
Afshari, M. (2012). Political-economic effects of water crisis of Hirmand River in Sistan region, MSc Dissertation in International Relations, Literature University of Shareza, 207.
Akbari, M., & Sadeghi Shahrkht, T. (2012). The effects of desertification on socio-economic issues in rural areas (Case Study: city of Sarakhs, Khorasan Razavi), the First National Conference on Strategies to Achieve Sustainable Development in Agriculture, Natural Resources and the Environment, May 2012, Tehran.
Check the status of socio-economic indicators of MENARID project, (2012). Department of Natural Resources and Watershed Management in S and B Province, International Project Office of MENARID.
Dahmardeh Ghaleno. MR., Shahryari, A., & Khatibi, R. (2009). Evaluation of the role of social and economic factors on the participation of beneficiaries in the restoration of the natural resources in Hammon region of Sistan, Proceedings of the National Conference on Modification of Consumption Patterns with a Focus on Natural Resources, Agriculture and Animal Husbandry, March 2009, University of Zabol.
Razavian, M. T., & Mohammadzadeh, S. (2009). Evaluation of rural development approach in the stability of staffing services (centers in rural areas of Sistan area), National Housing Conference and PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT of the Village, October 2009, Zahedan, Sistan and Baluchestan University.
Document of International Project of MENARID, (2011). Ministry of Agriculture, Forest, Rangeland and Watershed Orgnaization, International Project Office MENARID, Zahedan.
Ghanian, M., Khani, F., & Ghadiri Masoom. M. (2008). The role of rural women in the exploitation, conservation and restoration of natural areas of desert (Case study: Khuzestan), Journal of Women, Vol. 6, Issue 1, Spring 2008, 119-135.
Ghasemi A. A., & Ibrahimnejad A. (2011). Factors affecting desertification and ways to deal with it (Case Study: Sarakhs City). The Second National Conference on Combating Desertification and Sustainable Development of Wetlands in the Iranian Desert.
Karimi Zarchi, M., & Delavaripoor, A. (2012). Culture, infrastructure planning for sustainable development (Case study: International Project of MENARID), The First National Conference on Sustainable Development in Arid and Semi-Arid Areas, May 2012, Islamic Azad University of Abarkuh.
Mirbod, M. (2003). Study of role of NGOs in promoting natural resources (MSc Dissertation), Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch.
Heydari, G., Barani. H., Khoshfar. G., Ghorbani. J., & Aghili. M., (2009). The role of social wealth on participation in performing pasteurizing projects based on the points of views of their applicants (case study of Balade pastures North of Iran (pasture magazine, 3(1):121-137.
Khatoonabadi, S.A., Amini A. M., & Mirzaali. A. (2001). The herd keeper participationpreventing factors in restoration pastures of Aghghala in Golestan province. J. of Agriculture science and Technology and Natural resources, 1(5): 39-54.
Mojaradi, G., & Hosseini. M. (1996). The analysis of factors effective in accepting coinages related to the project of controlling cattle parasitic disease in Bognourd. The summary of the first scientific articles of expansion natural resources of cattle and aquaculture issues. Tehran: The ministry of Jahad Sazandegi.