Environmental management of protected objects of the Eastern Podillya: Theory and practice
O. V. Mudrak, G. F. Mazur, K. H. Herasymiuk, H. V. Mudrak, H. S. Tarasenko
The article deals with environmental management of the objects and territories of the Eastern Podillya Nature Reserve in the structure of the regional ecological network from the standpoint of physical and geographical zoning. A system of approaches and principles is proposed, which should be used when forming a network of protected objects. The main criterion for the selection of these objects should be the principle of representativeness, while it is advisable to take into account their three types - biotic (botanical; zoological; mycological); geographical (landscape; biogeographic); geosozological (objective; categorical; functional). The area, its size, configuration, state of internal ecological equilibrium, he qualitative and quantitative composition of the protected objects, the degree of anthropogenic impact and the types of conservation regimes play an important role in the creation of the protected objects. But also, of great importance in forming a network of protected objects is the matrix representation, which is widely used in EU countries. The basis is the landscape-zonal principle, where the matrix of biodiversity and landscapes are systems of units of natural areas (biogeographical, geobotanical, floristic, zoogeographic, physical and geographical). According to this principle, the creation of protected objects must be represented by typical (indicator) species of biodiversity, landscapes of all natural zones, subzones, regions, provinces, sub-provinces, districts. On-site surveys of the Eastern Podillya have found that a large proportion of protected sites do not fulfill the function of biodiversity and landscape diversity. The conducted field studies have shown that in the present ecological conditions of the region there is a risk of loss of this diversity. Therefore, using the principle of representativeness, we propose to optimize the nature reserve fund of Eastern Podillya from the point of view of physical and geographical zoning.
Key words: Environmental management; Nature reserve fund; Biodiversity; Landscape diversity; Ecological network; Regional network; Representativeness; Physical and geographical zoning; Eastern Podillya
Agroforestry: Eco-balanced development: A textbook (2019). O.I. Furdychko (Ed.). Tbilisi-Kyyiv-Kherson “Hel’vetyka” (in Ukrainian).
Classification of territories and objects of the nature reserve fund of Vinnytsia region. Register of Natural Reserve Fund Objects. Available from: http://www.vin.gov.ua/web/upravlinnya/web_dep_ecolog/ (in Ukrainian).
Denysyk, H.I. (1998). Pryrodnycha heohrafiya Podillya (Natural geography of Podillya). Vinnytsya: EkoBiznesTsentr (in Ukrainian).
Environmental legislation of Ukraine. (2019). Available from: http://www.rada.gov.ua/ (Accessed on 10.09.2019) (in Ukrainian).
Green Paper of Ukraine. (2009). Ya.P. Didukh (Ed.). Kyiv: Al’terpres (in Ukrainian).
Mudrak, H.V. (2018) Funktsionuvannya rehional’noyi ekomerezhi Skhidnoho Podillya (Functioning of the regional eco-network of East Podillya) Ahroekolohichnyy zhurnal, 3, 27–33 (in Ukrainian).
Mudrak, O.V., Polishchuk, V.S., Vorona, Ye.I., Osadchuk, I.S. (2002). Pryrodno-zapovidna merezha Vinnyts’koyi oblasti ta shlyakhy yiyi optymizatsiyi (Vinnytsia Nature Reserve Network and Ways to Optimize It). Zbirnyk naukovykh prats’ Vinnyts’koho derzhavnoho ahrarnoho universytetu, 12, 50–67 (in Ukrainian).
Mudrak, O.V., Ovchynnykova, Yu.Yu. (2017). Skhidne Podillya – reprezentatyvnyy rehion natsional’noyi ekomerezhi (Eastern Podillya - a representative region of the national eco-network). Ahroekolohichnyy zhurnal, 4, 7–13 (in Ukrainian).
Mudrak, O.V., Mudrak, H.V., Razanov, S.F., Kavun, Zh.A. (2018a). Ecological-cohenological analysis of the flora Eastern Podillya as a basis for the conservation of biodiversity. Ukrainian Journal of Ecology, 8(2), 204–209 (in Ukrainian).
Mudrak, O.V., Ovchynnykova, Yu.Yu., Mudrak, G.V., Nagornyuk, O.M. (2018b). Eastern Podilia as a structural unit of a Pan-European Environmental Network. Journal of Environmental Research, Engineering and Management, 74(3), 55–63 (in Lithuania).
Mudrak, O., Ovchynnykova, Yu., Mudrak, H., Tarasenko, H. (2018c). Taxonomic and typological structure of the flora of Eastern Podilia (Ukraine). Journal of the Lithuanian Academy of Sciences. Biologija, 64(4), 285–296 (in Lithuania).
Mudrak O.V., Yelisavenko, Yu.A., Polishchuk, V.M., Mudrak, H.V. (2019). Assessment of forest ecosystems of Eastern Podillya natural reserve fund in the regional econet structure. Ukrainian Journal of Ecology, 9(1), 187–192 (in Ukrainian).
Red Book of Ukraine. Animal world (2009). I.A. Akimov (Ed.). Kyiv: Hlobalkonsaltynh (in Ukrainian).
Shelyag-Sosonko Yu.R., Grodzinskiy M.D., Romanenko V.D. (2004). Kontseptsiya, metody i kriterii sozdaniya ekoseti Ukrainy (The concept, methods and criteria for creating an ecological network of Ukraine). Kyiv: Fitosotsiotsentr (in Ukrainian).
The Red Book of Ukraine. Flora (2009). Ya.P. Didukh (Ed.). Kyiv: Hlobalkonsaltynh (in Ukrainian).