Evaluation of slaughter cattle grades and standards of cull cows


А. P. Palii*, N. G. Admina, S. A. Mihalchenko, I. M. Lukyanov, S. A. Denicenko, P. V. Gurskyi, A. P. Paliy, Y. O. Kovalchuk, V. A. Kovalchuk, O. L. Kuznietsov, A. S. Gembaruk and A. V. Solodchuk

Recently, due to the widespread implementation of intensive milk production technologies, the requirements for the type of animal physique have increased, because the theory and practice of breeding have proved that the economic and long-term use of cows is not possible without taking into account their exterior features and type of the constitution. The influence of the traits of the animals’ physique on the duration of their economic use was studied, and the main slaughter grades and standards minimum percentage of cows determined beaf cow culling were determined. We selected the criteria mainly caused the cattle removing from the herd: growth scale of score 4, sacral inclination – score 6, limb posture from rear and side views - score 5. The percentage of cattle culling with body condition score score ranged from 7 to 9 was determined.
Keywords: Cow; Dairy herd; Linear exterior trait; Score; BCS; Productive longevity
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