Features of morphogenesis, donor-acceptor system formation and efficiency of crop production under chlormequat chloride treatment on poppy oil

Abstract

V.H. Kuryata, S.V. Polyvanyi

The paper present the results of the study of chlormequat chloride treatment on poppy oil. The use of chlormequat chloride at the budding phase led to an increase in the poppy seed oil productivity (Papaver somniferum L.) and was not accompanied by the accumulation of residual amounts of the drug in the seeds above the permitted norms. Under the action of the drugs, there is a correction of donor-acceptor relations in the plant, which was realized through the redistribution of photoassimilates from vegetative growth for the needs of carpogenesis. Deceleration of linear growth at the beginning of vegetation due to the action of chlormequat chloride led to intensive formation of a large number of leaves, leaf surface, optimization of the mesostructure of leaves and increased deposites in vegetative reserves of nonstructural carbohydrates. The formation of a more powerful acceptor sphere is associated with an increase in stem branching and, accordingly, by the laying of a greater number of fruits, the main acceptors of assimilates in the second half of the vegetation. It has been found out that vegetative organs should be considered not only as an intermediate depot of assimilates of carbohydrate nature, but also as a temporary receptacle of nitrogen compounds and nutrients. The increase of the plant load on the plants in the experimental variant also determined a more intense flow of carbohydrates, nitrogen-containing compounds and nutrients, which eventually ensured the growth of the seed production. It has been established that the use of chlormequat chloride resulted in a significant increase in the content of nitrogen and phosphorus and the reduction of potassium content in poppy meal. The growth in the poppy seed oil content of alkaloids under the influence of chlormequat chloride should be considered as an important practical result of these studies, which may be of great interest to the pharmacological industry.

Keywords: Morphogenesis; donor-acceptor system; retardants; productivity; poppy oil (Papaver somniferum L.)

References:
Altintas, S. (2011). Effects of chlormequat chloride and different rates of prohexadione-calcium on seedling growth, flowering, fruit development and yield of tomato. African Journal of Biotechnology, 10(75), 17160-17169. DOI: 10.5897/AJB11.2706
AOAC (2010). Official Meethods of Analysis of Association of Analytical Chemist International 18th ed. Rev. 3. 2010. Asso of Analytical Chemist. Gaithersburg, Maryland, USA.
Barányiová, I., & Klem, K. (2016). Effect of application of growth regulators on the physiological and yield parameters of winter wheat under water deficit. Plant Soil Environ, 62(3), 114-120. doi: 10.17221/778/2015-PSE
Bonelli, L. E., Monzon, J. P., Cerrudo, A., Rizzalli, R. H., & Andrade F. H. (2016). Maize grain yield components and source-sink relationship as affected by the delay in sowing date. Field Crops Research, 198, 215-225. doi:10.1016/j.fcr.2016.09.003
Carvalho, M. E. A., Castro, C. P. R., Castro, F. M. V., & Mendes, A. C. C. (2016). Are plant growth retardants a strategy to decrease lodging and increase yield of sunflowerю. Comunicata Scientiae, 7(1), 154-164. DOI: http://dx.doi.org.vlib.interchange.at/10.14295/CS.v7i1.1286
Davydyuk, P. P., Vartuzov, V. V., & Posilskiy, O. O. (2009). Interdepartmental methodology for the study of narcotic drugs from hemp plants and opium poppies. DNDEKID MVS Ukrainy, Kyiv (in Ukrainian).
Espindulа, M. C., Rocha, V. S., Souza, L. T., Souza, M. A., & Grossi, M. A. S. (2010). Effect of growth regulators on wheat stem elongation. Acta Scientiarum. Agronomy, 32(10), 109-113 . DOI: http://dx.doi.org.vlib.interchange.at/10.4025/actasciagron.v32i1.943
Fahad, S., Hussain, S., Saud, S., Hassan, S., Ihsan, Z., Shah, A. N., Wu, C., Yousaf, M., Nasim, W., Alharby, H., Alghabari, F., & Huang, J. (2016). Exogenously Applied Plant Growth Regulators Enhance the Morpho-Physiological Growth and Yield of Rice under High Temperature. Frontiers in Plant Science, 7(1250), 1-13. DOI: 10.3389/fpls.2016.01250
Helaly, A. A., Abdelghafar, M. S., Al-Abd, M. T., & Alkharpotly, A. A. (2016). Effect of Soaked Allium Cepa L. Bulbs in Growth Regulators on their Growth and Seeds Production. Adv Plants Agricultural Research, 4(3), 1-7. DOI: 10.15406/apar.2016.04.00139
Kasem, M. M., & Abd El-Baset, М. М. (2015). Studding the Influence of Some Growth Retardants as a Chemical Mower on Ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.). Journal of Plant Sciences, 3( 5), 255-258. doi: 10.11648/j.jps.20150305.12
Kiriziy, D. A., Stasyk, О. О., Pryadkina, G. А., & Shadchyna, Т. М. (2014). Fotosintez. Т. 2. Assimilyatsiya СО2 i mehanizmy jejyo regulyatsii. Logos, Kiev (in Russian).
Koutroubas, S. D., & Damalas, C. A. (2016). Morpho-physiological responses of sunflower to foliar applications of chlormequat chloride (CCC). Bioscience Journal, 32(6), 1493-1501. DOI: 10.14393/BJ-v32n6a2016-33007
Koutroubas, S. D., & Damalas, C. A. Sunflower response to repeated foliar applications of Paclobutrazol. Planta daninha, 33(1), 129-135. http://dx. doi.org/10.1590/S0100-83582015000100015
Kumar, S., Sreenivas, G., Satyanarayana, J., & Guha, A. (2012). Paclobutrazol treatment as a potential strategy for higher seed and oil yield in field-grown Camelina sativa L. Crantz. BSK Research Notes, 5(1), 1-13. doi: 10.1186/1756-0500-5-137
Kuryata, V. G., Poprotska, І. V., & Rogach, Т. І. (2017). The impact of growth stimulators and retardants on the utilization of reserve lipids by sunflower seedlings. Regulatory mechanisms in biosystems, 8(3), 317-322. doi./ 10.15421/021750
Kuryata, V. G., & Khodanitska, O. O. (2018). Features of anatomical structure, formation and functioning of leaf apparatus and productivity of linseed under chlormequatchloride treatment. Ukrainian Journal of Ecology, 8(1), 918-926. doi: 10.15421/2018_294
Kuryata, V. G., & Golunova, L. А. (2018). Peculiarities of the formation and functioning of soybean-rhizobial complexes and the productivity of soybean culture under the influence of retardant of paclobutrazol. Ukrainian Journal of Ecology, 8(3), 96-102.
Kuryata, V. G., & Kravets, O. O. (2018). Features of morphogenesis, accumulation and redistribution of assimilate and nitrogen containing compounds in tomatoes under retardants treatment. Ukrainian Journal of Ecology, 8(1), 356-362. doi: 10.15421/2018_222
Kuryata, V. G., Polyvanyi, S. V. (2018). Formation and functioning of source-sink relation system of oil poppy plants under treptolem treatment towards crop productivity. Ukrainian Journal of Ecology, 8(1), 11-20. doi: 10.15421/2017_182
Kuryata,V. G. (2009). Retardanty-modyfikatory gormonalnogo statusu roslyn. Fiziologija roslyn: problemy ta perspektyvy rozvytku.Т.1. Logos, Kyiv (in Ukrainian).
Liu, Y., Fang, Y., Huang, M., Jin, Y., Sun, J., Tao, X., Zhang, G., He, K., Zhao, Y., & Zhao, H. (2014). Uniconazole-induced starch accumulation in the bioenergy crop duckweed (Landoltia punctata) II: transcriptome alterations of pathways involved in carbohydrate metabolism and endogenous hormone crosstalk. Biotechnologie for Biofuels, 8, 64. DOI 10.1186/s13068-015-0245-8
Macedo, W. R., Araujo, D. K., Santos, V. M., Camargo, P. R., & Fernandes, C. G. M. (2017). Plant growth regulators on sweet sorghum: physiological and nutritional value analysis. Comunicata Scientiae, 8(1), 170-175. DOI: http://dx.doi.org.vlib.interchange.at/10.14295/CS.v8i1.1315
Matsoukis, A., Gasparatos, D., & Chronopoulou-Sereli, A. (2015). Mepiquat chloride and shading effects on specific leaf area and K, P, Ca, Fe and Mn content of Lantana camara L. Emirates Journal of Food and Agriculture, 27(1), 121-125. DOI: http://dx.doi.org.vlib.interchange.at/10.9755/ejfa.v27i1.17450
Matysiak, K., & Kaczmarek, S. (2013). Effect of chlorocholine chloride and triazoles-tebuconazole and flusilazole on winter oilseed rape (Brassica napus var. oleifera L.) in response to the application term and sowing density. J Plant Prot Res, 53(1), 79-88. doi: 10.2478/jppr-2013-0012.
Panyapruek, S., Sinsiri, W., Sinsiri, N., Arimatsu, P., & Polthanee, A. (2016) Effect of paclobutrazol growth regulator on tuber production and starch quality of cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz). Asian Journal of Plant Sciences, 15(1-2), 1-7. doi:10.3923/ajps.2016.1.7
Pavlista, A. D. (2013). Influence of foliar-applied growth retardants on russet burbank potato tuber production. Am J Potato, 90, 395-401. doi: 10.1007/s12230-013-9307-2
Pobudkiewicz, A. (2014). Influence of growth retardant on growth and development of Euphorbia pulcherrima Willd. ex Klotzsch. Acta Agrobotanica, 67(3), 65-74. doi: 10.5586/aa.2014.030
Poprotska, I. V., & Kuryata, V. G. (2017). Features of gas exchange and use of reserve substances in pumpkin seedlings in conditions of skoto- and photomorphogenesis under the influence of gibberellin and chlormequat-chloride. Regulatory mechanisms in biosystems, 8(1). doi.org/10.15421/021713
Rademacher, W. ( 2016). Сhemical regulators of gibberellin status and their application in plant production. Annual Plant Reviews., 49, (359-403). DOI: 10.1002/9781119312994.apr0541
Rogach, V. V., Kravets, O. O., Buina, O. I., & Kuryata, V. G. (2018). Dynamic of accumulation and redistribution of various carbohydrate forms and nitrogen in organs of tomatoes under treatment with retardants. Regulatory Mechanisms in Biosystems, 9(2), 293–299. doi:10.15421/021843
Rogach, V. V., Poprotska, I. V., & Kuryata, V. G. (2016). Effect of gibberellin and retardants on morphogenesis, photosynthetic apparatus and productivity of the potato. Visn. Dnipropetr. Univ Ser Biol Ekol, 24(2), 416-419 (in Ukrainian). doi:10.15421/011656
Sang-Kuk, K., & Hak-Yoon, K. (2014). Effects of Gibberellin Biosynthetic Inhibitors on Oil, Secoisolaresonolodiglucoside, Seed Yield and Endogenous Gibberellin Content in Flax. Korean Journal of Plant Resources , 27(3), 229-235. doi: 10.7732/kjpr.2014.27.3.229
Sawan, Z. (2013). Direct and residual effects of plant nutrition’s and plant growth retardants, on cottonseed. Agricultural Sciences, 4, 66-88. doi: 10.4236/as.2013.412A007
Sousa, L. G. M., Toledo, P. M. C., Oliveira, M. B., Nietsche, S., Mizobutsi, G. P., & Publio, F. W. M. (2016). Floral induction management in ‘Palmer’ mango using uniconazole. Ciencia Rural, 46 (8), 1350-1356. DOI: http://dx.doi.org.vlib.interchange.at/10.1590/0103-8478cr20150940
Spitser, T., Misa, P., Bilovsky, J., & Kazda, J. (2015). Management of maize stand height using growth regulators. Supported by the Ministry of Agriculture of the Czech Republic. Plant Protect Sci., 51(4), 223-230. doi:10.17221/105/2014-PPS.
Sugiura, D., Sawakami, K., Kojim, M., Sakakibara, H., Terashima, I., & Tateno, M. (2015). Roles of gibberellins and cytokinins in regulation of morphological and physiological traits in Polygonum cuspidatum responding to light and nitrogen availabilities. Functional Plant Biology, 42(4), 397- 409. doi.org/10.1071/FP14212
Wang, Y., Gu, W., Xie, T., Li, L., Sun, Y., Zhang, H., & Wei, S. (2016). Mixed Compound of DCPTA and CCC Increases Maize Yield by Improving Plant Morphology and Up-Regulating Photosynthetic Capacity and Antioxidants. PLOS ONE 11(2): e0149404, 1-25. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0149404
Yan, W., Yanhong, Y., Wenyu, Y., Taiwen, Y., Weiguo, L., & Wang, X. (2013). Responses of root growth and nitrogen transfer metabolism to uniconazole, a growth retardant, during the seedling stage of soybean under relay strip. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis Intercropping System. 44(22), 3267-3280. dx.doi.org/10.1080/00103624.2013.840838
Yan, Y., Wan, Y., Liu, W., Wang, X., Yong, T., & Yang, W. (2015). Influence of seed treatment with uniconazole powder on soybean growth, photosynthesis, dry matter accumulation after flowering and yield in relay strip intercropping system. Plant Production Science, 18(3), 295-301. doi.org/10.1626/pps.18.295
Yang, L., Yang, D., Yan, X., Cui, L., Wang, Z., & Yuan, H. (2016). The role of gibberellins in improving the resistance of tebuconazole-coated maize seeds to chilling stress by microencapsulation. Scientific Reports, 60, 1-12. doi: 10.1038/srep35447
Yu, S. M., Lo, S. F., & Ho, T. D. (2015). Source-Sink Communication: Regulated by Hormone, Nutrient, and Stress Cross-Signaling. Trends in plant science, 20(12), 844-857. doi: 10.1016/j.tplants.2015.10.009
Zhang, W., Xu, F., Hua, C., & Cheng, S. (2013). Effect of chlorocholine chloride on chlorophyll, photosynthesis, soluble sugar and flavonoids of Ginkgo biloba. Not Bot Horti Agrobo, 41(1), 97-103. doi: 10.15835/nbha4118294

Share this article