Fodder productivity of meadow clover varieties depending on the growing technology
H. Demydas, I. Galushko, S. Poltoretskyi, A. Novak, V. Liubych, N. Poltoretska
The research results for 2018–2020 on the formation of fodder productivity of the yield of the dry mass of different varieties of meadow clover from 1 ha depending on the sowing methods on different backgrounds of fertilizer on typical low-humus chernozems of the Forest-Steppe of Ukraine were presented. On average, for the first three years of growth and use, meadow clover provided productivity of yield of the dry mass of 8.22–9.88 tons from 1 ha, which depended little on sowing methods. Productivity increased by 8–12 % when inoculating seed with nodule bacteria combined with the application of N60P60K90 compared with the variant without fertilizers and only by 4–6 % under separate application of fertilizers (?60K90 or N60P60K90) or seeds inoculation on the background without fertilizers. The application of N60 on the background of ?60K90 provided the highest payback of 1 kg of fertilizer (6–7 kg of dry mass) among fertilizers. In the first year, sowing under cover of spring barley provided higher productivity by 22–25 %, and in the second and third years, coverless sowing was provided by 7–10 %. The most productive variety was Taifun, which was 0.10–0.66 t/ha of dry mass superior to Lybid and Tina varieties. The factor of fertilization was the most influential in yield of dry mass from 1 ha and the sowing method with a share proportion of 55 % in the first year. Meadow clover annually provided three mowings of fodder biomass with the share of the first mowing of 44–50 %, the second – 32–34 %, and the third – 18–24 %, and the uneven distribution of the yield by mowing by 30–47 %.
Keywords: seed inoculation; meadow clover; productivity; distribution of yield by mowing; variety; sowing method; dry mass; fertilizer
Bogovin, A. V., Makarenko, P. S., Kurgak, V. G. et al. (1990). Handbook of hayfields and pastures. Kyiv.
Brauer, D., Ritchey, D., & Belesky, D. (2002). Effects of lime and calcium on root development and nodulation of clovers. Crop Science, Iss. 42, p. 1640–1646.
Damborg, V., Stødkilde L., Jensen S. and Weisbjerg M. (2016). Characterisation of protein and fibre in pulp after biorefining of red clover and perennial ryegrass. The multiple roles of grassland in the European bioeconomy: Proceedings of the 26th General Meeting of the European Grassland Federation. Trondheim, Norway. September, 4–8, p. 366–371.
Demidas, G. I., Galushko, I. V. (2020). Mineral composition of fodder mass of different varieties of meadow clover depending on the elements of cultivation technology. Feed and feed production, 89, 151–160.
Gayraund, P. (1986). Perennie de la Luzerne. Cultivar, 196, 22–23.
Hamacher, M., Loges, R. and Taube, F. (2016). Evaluation of fifteen leguminous and non-leguminous forage species to improve forage quality of temporary grasslands in northern Germany. The multiple roles of grassland in the European bioeconomy: Proceedings of the 26th General Meeting of the European Grassland Federation. Trondheim, Norway, September, 4–8, 263–265.
Hannaway, D. B., Brewer, L. J., Ates, S. et al. (2018). Match clover: optimal selection of clover species. Sustainable meat and milk production from grasslands: Proceedings of the 27th General meeting of the European Grassland Federation. Cork, Ireland. June, 17–21, 218–220.
Hynes, D., Laidlaw, S. and Ferris, C. (2018). Effect of management strategy on wilting of monocultures and mixture of red clover and perennial ryegrass. Sustainable meat and milk production from grasslands: Proceedings of the 27th General Meeting of the European Grassland Federation. Cork, Ireland. June, 17–21, 249–251.
Karbivska, U., Kurhak, V., Gamayunova, V., Butenko, A. et al. (2020). Productivity and quality of diverse ripe cereal grass fodder depending on the methods of soil cultivation. ?cta Agrobotanica, 73(3), 1–11.
Karbivska, V. M. (2020). Accumulation of root mass of legumes and its influence on the nutrient regime of sod-podzolic soil. Foothill and mountain agriculture and animal husbandry, 67 (I). 84–97.
Kovtun, K. P., Veklenko, Yu. A., Yashchuk, V. A. (2020). Formation of phytocenosis and productivity of sainfoin-cereal grass mixtures depends on the sowing and spatial distribution of species in the Forest-Steppe right bank. Feed and feed production, 89, 112–120. https://doi.org/10.31073/kormovyrobnytstvo202089-11.
Kurgak, V. G. (1995). Legumes for sown meadow grasses. Livestock of Ukraine, 10, 27–29.
Kurgak, V. G. (2010). Meadow agrophytocenoses. Kyiv: ACTION.
Kurgak, V. G., Karbivska, U. M. (2020). Features of formation of leguminous-cereal agrophytocenoses on sod-podzolic soils of Prykarpattia of Ukraine. Feed and feed production, 89, 121–133. https://doi.org/10.31073/kormovyrobnytstvo202089-12.
Kurgak, V. G., Lukyanets, O. P. (2004). Influence of grassland type, fertilization systems and use on the productivity of dry meadow lands of the northern Forest-Steppe of Ukraine. Coll. Science. works of Vinnytsia State Agrarian University. Vinnytsia, 17, 9–15.
Kurgak, V. G., Tovstoshkur, V. M., (2010). Productivity of different types of grass stands under different fertilizer systems on the land of the Left-Bank Forest-Steppe. Interdepartmental. topic. "Feed and feed production". Vinnytsia, 66, 247–252.
Kurgak, V. G., Voloshin, V. M. (2016). Influence of fertilizers and modes of use on the productivity of different types of meadow grasses. Collection of scientific works of the National Center "Institute of Agriculture NAAS", 3–4, 166–178.
Kurgak, V. G., Voloshin, V. M. (2017). Improving the efficiency of perennial legumes in the meadows of Ukraine. Handbook of Ukrainian farmers "Biologization of agriculture": Scientific and practical collection, 1, 288–291.
Kutuzova, A. A. (1986). Scientific basis for the use of biological nitrogen in meadow farming. Bull. agricultural science, 4(355), 106–112.
Kutuzova, A. A., Akhlamova, N. M. (1978). Recommendations for the creation and use of legume-cereal pastures and hayfields in the central regions of the forest zone of the European part of the USSR. Moscow.
Laidlaw, A. S. (1982). Production and management of red clover swards. Legumes in Grassland. Ed. R. B. Murray, pp. 47–50.
Larson, W. M. (1982). Spreader alfalfa, a new pasture Iegume. Forage and Grassland Conference. Minnesota. February, 21–24, 58–60.
Mirkin B. M. (1986). What are plant communities. Moscow: Nauka.
Nilsdotter-Linde, N., Halling, M. and Jansson J. (2016). Widening the harvest window with contrasting grass-clover mixtures. The multiple roles of grassland in the European bioeconomy: Proceed. XXVI General Meeting of the European Grassland Federation. Trondheim, Norway. September, 4–8, 191–193.
Petrichenko VF, Kurgak VG (2013). Cultural hayfields and pastures of Ukraine. Kyiv: Agrarnaya Nauka.
Petrychenko, V., Bohovin, A. and Kurhak, V. (2012). More efficient use of grassland under climate warming. Grassland – a European Resource: Proceedings of the 24th General Meeting of the European Grassland Federation. Lublin, Poland, June, 3–7, 151–153.
Peyraud, J. and Peeters A. (2016). The role of grassland based production system in the protein security. The multiple roles of grassland in the European bioeconomy: Proceedings of the 26th General Meeting of the European Grassland Federation. Trondheim, Norway. September, 4–8, 29–43.
Stotska, S. V. (2011). Formation of forage productivity of meadow clover depending on elements of technology of cultivation in Polissya central conditions. Thesis of Doctoral Dissertation. Vinnytsia.
Stotska, S. V. (2017). The concentration of chlorophyll in the leaves of meadow clover plants depends on agronomic cultivation techniques. Bulletin of Zhytomyr National Agroecological University, 2(1), 72–77.
Voloshin, V. N. (2017). Botanical composition and productivity of meadow herbage on gray forest soils. Bulletin of the Belarusian State Agricultural Academy. Horky, 1, 62–66.
Wallenhammar, A., Stoltz E., Omer Z. and Granstedt A. (2018). Production capacity of forage legumes and persistence to root rot in organic mixed swards. Sustainable meat and milk production from grasslands: Proceedings of the 27th General meeting of the European Grassland Federation. Cork, Ireland. June, 17–21, 375–377.
Weib, K. and Kalzendorf, C. (2016). Effect of wilting and silage additives on silage quality of lucerne, red clover and legume-grass mixtures. The multiple roles of grassland in the European bioeconomy. Proceedings of the 26th General Meeting of the European Grassland Federation. Trondheim, Norway. September, 4–8, 170–172.
Wiersma, D. W., Smith, R. R., Mylnarek, M. J. et al. (1998). Harvest management effects on red clover forage yield, quality and persistence. J. Prod. Agric, 11, 309–313.