Green energy and environmental protection: Problems of state regulation in Ukraine and EU experience


D.Ju. Polkovnychenko, N.V. Grigorenko, O.I. Liashevska, M.A. Bolovnev, N.I. Kalashnik, T.A. Filippova, S.V. Stankevych

The problems of state regulation in the field of green energy have been examined in the paper. In particular, a comparison of management principles in the field of green energy in Ukraine and in the European Union has been carried out. It has been emphasized that in Ukraine, in contrast to the European Union countries, management in the field of green energy is carried out exclusively by the state. Measures for the reformation of the Ukraine’s green energy have been analyzed. It has been also noted that the development of a set of measures to bring the Ukrainian energy market closer to the European one was completed. In addition, Ukraine joined the International Energy Charter, which, in turn, provides an opportunity to successfully meet the current and future challenges of global energy industry with the support of other countries.

Keywords: State regulation; The field of green energy; Problems; Principles of management; The complex of measures


Buonamo, L., Nugent, N. (2013). Policies and policy processes of the European Union. Red Globe Press. The European Union Series.

Darkoh, M.B.K. (1996). Trade, environment and sustainable development. J Eastern Afr. Res. Dev, 26, 115-140.

Directive 2009/28/EC. Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 April 2009 on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources and amending and subsequently repealing Directives 2001/77/EC and 2003/30/EC.

Directive 2012/27/EU. Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council of 25 October 2012 on energy efficiency, amending Directives 2009/125/EC and 2010/30/EU and repealing Directives 2004/8/EC and 2006/32/EC.

Directive 2018/2001. Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 December 2018 on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources.

Drozhzhyn, D.Yu. (2012). Mexanizm derzhavnogo regulyuvannya energoefekty`vnosti v Ukrayini. State construction, 2. Available from: (in Ukrainian).

Eder, L.V., Filimonova, I.V., Nemov, V.Y., Provornaya, I.V. (2017a). Forecasting of energy and petroleum consumption by motor transport in the regions of the Russian federation. Econ Reg, 13 (3), 859-870

Eder, L.V., Filimonova, I.V., Provornaya, I.V., Komarova, A.V., Nikitenko, S.M. (2017b). New directions for sustainable development of oil and gas industry of Russia: Innovative strategies, regional smart specializations, public–private partnership. Energy Reports, 6, Supplement 1, 548-553. Doi: 10.1016/j.egyr.2019.09.024.

Grossman, G.M., Krueger, A.B. (1994). Economic growth and the environment. NBER Working Papers, 110(2), 353–77.

Renewed EU Sustainable Development Strategy. (2006). Available from:

Schreurs M.A. (2018). EU environmental policy. (pp. 207-223). In Heinelt H., Münch S. (Eds.), Handbook of European policies. Interpretative approaches to the EU, Edward Elgar Publishing, Cheltenham.

Smith, D.C. (2020). ‘Green responses’ to COVID-19: Europe and the United States diverge yet again, Journal of Energy & Natural Resources Law, 38(3), 209-212, Doi: 10.1080/02646811.2020.1785766


Share this article