Growth and productivity of winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) depending on the sowing parameters

Abstract

S. Poltoretskyi, S. Tretiakova, I. Mostoviak, A. Yatsenko, Y. Tereshchenko, N. Poltoretska, A. Berezovskyi

The analytical review of domestic and foreign literature sources on the impact of term and method of sowing on growth, productivity, weediness, infestation of winter wheat crops (Triticum aestivum L.) by diseases and pests in different soil-and-climatic conditions was presented. It was established that scientists still do not have a consensus on the specific parameters of the implementation of these agro-measures in the result of the conducted analysis. However, most of them pointed out that, in the last 10–15 years, the optimal sowing time changed from optimally early to medium and optimally late time taking into account the specific soil-and-climatic conditions of the crop growing region. The choice of sowing time was accompanied by changes in other elements of the growing technology of winter wheat – selection of varieties in terms of maturity group, determining of seeding rate and sowing method. The impact of these agro-measures on the productivity of the sowings and the quality of the formed yield is ambiguous.

Keywords: Winter wheat; Sowing time; Growth; Productivity; Agrocenosis density; Infestation by diseases and pests

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