Influence of chelates on pigs productivity and quality
O. Kuzmenko, V. Bomko, A. Horchanok, O. Cherniavskyi, V. Malina, L. Lytvyshchenko, R. Umanets, L. Zlamaniuk, D. Umanets, I. Porotikova
Feeding Zinc in the form of an organic chelate in the mixed feed for young Large White pigs in fattening causes improved metabolic processes in the organism, which positively affects the indices of pigs' laughter. The intervention of zinc chelate in mixed feed promotes an increase in the morphological composition of the carcass and an improvement in the chemical composition of meat and lard. It was established that in the process of fattening young Large White pigs with a zinc chelate dose of 83.2 g/t in mixed feed, a slaughter yield is higher by 1.2% compared with analogs of control. Pigs exceeded analogs by 6.6% in meat yield and by 0.9% in protein content in meat.
Keywords: Pigs, Zinc chelate, Mixed feed, Slaughter weight, Slaughter yield, Morphological composition of carcasses, Chemical composition of meat, Lard, Internal organs
Bomko, V.S., Smetan?na, O.V., Kuzmenko, O.A. (2015). Influence of premix on based metalohelatov on digestibility of nutrients highly productive cows. Scientific Messenger of LNU of Veterinary Medicine and Biotechnologies, 17, 1 (61), 3, 17–22 (in Ukrainian).
Borisevich, V., Borisevich, B., Petrenko, O. (2008). Vpliv nanoakvahelat?v metal?v na p?dsosnih porosjat. Tvarinnictvo Ukrajiny, 12, 33–34 (in Ukrainian).
Dyachenko, L.S., Syvyc, T.L., Tytariova, O.M., Kuzmenko, O.A., Bilkevich, V.V. (2017). Natural detoxicants in pig rations and their impact on productivity and quality of slaughter products. Ukrainian Journal of Ecology, 7(2), 239–246, doi: 10.15421/2017_42
El Ashry, G.M., Hassan, A. M. and Soliman, S. M. (2012). Effect of feeding a combination of Zinc, Manganese and Copper Methionine chelates of early lactation high producing dairy cow. Food and Nutri. Sci., 3: 1084-1091.
Hackbart, K.S., Ferreira, R.M., Dietsche, A.A., Socha, M.T Shaver, R. D., Wiltbank, M. C. and Fricke, P.M. (2010). Effect of dietary organic zinc, manganese, copper, and cobalt supplementation on milk production, follicular growth, embryo quality, and tissue mineral concentrations in dairy cows. J. Anim. Sci.,88(12):3856-3870.
Horchanok, A., Kuzmenko, O. (2018). Bioavailability of microelements from different compounds in the body of cows and their effect on digestibility. Collection of scientific works international. Proceed. Int. Sc. Conf. Kiyv.
Horchanok, A. V., Kuzmenko, O.A., Khalak, V.I., Porotikova, I.I, Lunska, A.Yu. (2019). Efficiency of using of the organic mineral mixed ligand cuprum in the pig feeding. Annals of the Faculty of Engineering Hunedoara; Hunedoara, 17, 3, 145–148.
Huntington, C.E., Bollinger, D.W., Veum, T.L. and Brommelsiek, W.A. (2002). Effect of lower dietary concentrations of zinc oxide on growth performance and zinc excretion by weanling pigs. J. Anim. Sci., 80, 162.
Khalak, V., Horchanok, A., Kuzmenko, O., Lytvyshchenko, L., Lieshchova, M., ?alinichenko, A., Liskovich, V., Zagoruy, L. (2020). Protein metabolism, physicochemical properties and chemical composition of muscle tissue in Large White weaners. Ukrainian Journal of Ecology, 10(4), 127-131, doi: 10.15421/2020_179.
Mavromichalis, I., Webel, D., Parr, E. (2001). Growth-promoting efficacy of pharmacological doses of tetrabasic zinc chloride in diets for nursery pigs. Anim. Sci, 81, 367–391.
Mel’nychenko, O.P., Yakymenko, I.L., Shevchenko, R.L. (2006). Statystychna obrobka eksperymental'nykh danykh. Bila Tserkva (in Ukrainian).
Merzlov, S.V. (2009). Konstrujuvannja m?neral'no-organ?chnih spoluk kobal'tu ta kontrol' procesu helatoutvorennja. Naukovij v?snik L'v?v. nac. un-tu. vet. medicini ta b?oteh. ?m. S.Z. Gzhitskogo, 2 (41), 172–175 (in Ukrainian).
Nagalakshmi, D., Sridhar, K., Satyanarayana, M., Parashu Ramulu, S., Narwade, V.S. and Vikram, L. (2018) Effect of replacing inorganic zinc with a lower level of organic zinc (Zn propionate) on performance of biochemical constituents, antioxidant, immune and mineral status in buffaloe calves. Indian J. Anim. Res, 52(9), 1292-1297.
Pal, D.T., Gowda, N.K. S., Prasad, C.S., Amarnath, R., Bharadwal, U., Suresh Babu, G. and Sampath, K.T. (2010). Effect of copperand zinc-methionine supplementation on bioavailability, rrtineral status and tissue concentrations of copper and zinc in ewes. J. Trace Elem. Med. Bio., 24, 89-94.
Petukhova, E.A., Bessarabova, R.F., Khaleneva, L.D., Antonova, O.A. (2010). Zootekhnycheskyy analyz kormov. Saint Petersburg (in Russian)
Podkhaliuzina, O.M., Bomko, V.S., Kuzmenko, O.A. (2020). Peretravnist kormu ta produktyvnist molodniaku svynei na vidhodivli za vykorystannia zmishanolihandnoho kompleksu Kuprumu. Zbirnyk naukovykh prats “Tekhnolohiia vyrobnytstva i pererobky produktsii tvarynnytstva”, 1, 118–124, doi: 10.33245/2310-9270-2020-157-1-118-124.
Saripinar Aksu, D., Aksu, T. Ozsoy B. and Baytok. E. (2010). The effects of replacing inorganic with at lower level of organically complexed minerals (Cu, Zn and Mn) in broiler diets on lipid peroxidation and antioxidant defense systems. Asia.-Austr. J. Anim.Sci, 23, 1066-1072.
Sethy, K., Behera, K., Mishra, S. K., Gupta, S.K., Sahoo, N., Parhi, S.S., Mahapatra, M. R. and Khadanga. S. (2018). Effect of organic zinc supplementation on growth, metabolic profile and antioxidant status of Ganjam Sheep. Indian J. Anim. Res. 52(6), 839-842.
Smetanina, O.V., Ibatulin, I.I., Bomko, V.S., Bomko, L.G., Kuzmenko, O.A. (2017). Influence of mixed ligand complex of ?obalt on its metabolism in the organism of highly productive cows. Ukrainian Journal of Ecology, 7(4), 559–563, doi: 10.15421/2017_160.
Wang, R. L., Liang, J. G., Lu, L., Zhang, L. Y. and Li, S. F. (2013). Effect of zinc source on performance, zinc status, immune response, and rumen fermentation of lactating cows. Biol. Trace Elem.Res.,152(1), 16-24.