Influence of Filazonit biopreparation on soybean seed quality

Abstract

A. I. Parfenuk, L. V. Havryliuk, I. V. Beznosko, L. ?. Pasichn?k, Y. A. Turovnik, Y. V. Ternovyi

Filazonit determined an essential inhibition of the CFU (number of micromycetes) in soybean seeds in the cultivars Suzirya and Kent, compared to the control. The number of CFU in the soybean seeds of different varieties ranged from 0.2 x 104 CFU/g of seeds to 1.5* CFU/g of seeds, almost 2.5 times less than the number in the control specimen (0.8 * 104 CFU/g to 2.7 * 104 CFU/g seeds). We found that the soybean seeds of the cultivars Suzirya and Kent are dominated by phytopathogenic micromycetes, which belong to the genera Alternaria, Fusarium, and Penicillium. They are the primary factors of biological pollution of agrophytocenoses and the reduction of product biosafety. The changes in the quality of soybean seeds grown in organic production conditions using biological technologies were determined. We registered that the protein and oil content in the seeds of cultivars Kent and Suzirya were higher than the standard indicators stated in DSTU 4964: 2008. TU. SOY standards. Moreover, the mass fraction of the seed moisture did not exceed the acceptable norms. We discovered that the cultivar, genotypes, and moisture supply of soybean plants, and cultivation technology influenced the biochemical composition of the soybean seeds. Depending on these factors, the protein content in the seed cultivars ranges from 37.5 to 41.11%, fat content ranges from 19.02 to 21.7%, and the mass fraction moisture ranges from 8.8 to 11.4%.

Keywords: soybeans, micromycetes, biopreparations, agrophytocenoses, biosafety, toxicity, hydrothermal indicators
 

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