Influence of the level feeding high-productive cows on obtaining biosafety products


T.L. Osipenko, N.G. Admina, А.P. Palii, H.F. Chechui, S.A. Mihalchenko

It was showed that the investigated factors “the feeding level” and “the level of concentrates in the ration” as independent, affect the protein content in milk at the level of ή2=3.7%, 2.3%, and the yield of milk protein-ή2=12.3%; 10.2% accordingly. These factors, also, have almost the same influence on studied indices not only as a separate factor, but also in combination with other factors. The other side, if we consider these factors as independent, they have an influence on the protein content in milk 3 times (cattle feeding) and 4 times (the level of concentrates) less than on the yield of milk protein. During the analysis of the inflence of the feeding level together with other studied genetic and non-genetic factors the most influential pairs of factors in both variants were “father-cattle feeding” pair. Also, the feeding level together with genetic factors like “breed combination” and “mother’s productivity” had a large degree of influence. Thus, factor “the level of concentrates in the ration” conjointly with the factor “father” affects protein content in 1.2% more than “the feeding level” factor. A similar tendency is observed at factors “breed combination” and “mother’s productivity”, where the difference makes 0.7% and 0.1% accordingly. Regarding the yield of milk protein, according to the results of the studies, factors “the feeding level” and “the level of concentrates in the ration” independently affect the index mentioned above 3-4 times more than in pairs with other genetic and feed factors with a high degree of defined confidence. The pair of “calving month-the level of concentrates in the ration” turned out to be doubtful and with a very small level of influence. All the other pairs of factors have a definite influence on both the protein content and its quantity.

Keywords: Protein content; yield of milk protein; adenqute nutrition; level of concentrates in the ration; milk; breeding cattle; degree of factors impact

Afifi, A. A., & Azen, S. P. (2014). Statistical analysis: a computer oriented approach. Academic press.
Alekseev, A. A., Lukichev, D. L., & Lukichev, V. L. (2018). Key elements of an eff ective system of milk production. Agricultural and Livestock Technology, 1(2). doi: 10.15838/alt.2018.2.2.2
Britvina, I. V., Litvinova, N. Yu., & Novikov, A. S. (2017). Efficiency of the use of energy vitamin-mineral supplement “Minvit 6.1-2” in feeding dairy cows for strips. Bulletin of the Krasnoyarsk State Agrarian University, 4, 108-109. doi: 18286/1816-45-2017-4-108-114
Churilova, K. S., & Volkova, E. A. (2015). The efficiency of the production and use of feed grains in the diets for the periods of feeding in dairy cattle. International Research Journal, 11(42), 1, 133-137. doi: 10.18454/IRJ.2015.42.043
Ernst, L. K., & Zinovyeva N. A. (2008). Biological problems of animal husbandry of the XXI century. Moskov: RAAS, 508. (In Russian).
Esaulova, S. A. (2017). The need to use feed additives in the diets of highly productive dairy cows in the farms of the Voronezh region. Bulletin of the Voronezh State Agrarian University, 1(52), 61-69. doi: 10.17238/issn2071-2243.2017.1.61
Fedorova, E. G., & Florensova, B. S. (2014). Influence of breed and season on the rheological properties of milk. Bulletin of Krasnoyarsk State Agrarian University, 6, 226-229. (In Russian).
Gavrilenko, M. (2002). Protein-milk production-an important indicator of milk production of cows. Tvarinnytstvo Ukraine, 11, 14-16. (In Ukrainian).
Gracious, R. V., Karlova, L. V., & Sanjara, R. A. (2017). The qualitative composition of milk from Holstein cows depends on paratypical and genetic factors. Scientific Messenger LNUVMBT named after Gzhytskyj, S. Z., 19(82), 125-131. doi:10.15421/nvlvet8226
Grigorieva, M. G., & Svitenko, O. V. (2017). Features of dairy efficiency of Holstein cattle of different genotypes. International Scientific Research Journal, 12(66), 3, 99-102. doi:
Gusarov, I. V., Fomenko, P. A., & Bogatyreva, E. V. (2018). Studying the theory and practice of feeding cattle in the European North of Russia. Scientifi c school of A.S. Emelyanov. Agricultural and Livestock Technology, 2(2). doi: 10.15838/alt.2018.2.2.6
Kharko, M. V., Denkovich, B. S., Pivtorak, Ya. I., Naumyuk, O. S., Petrishak, R. A., & Golodyuk, I. P. (2017). Milk production and other processes in organisms of the authorities for the development of the “Biosprint”. Scientific Messenger LNUVMBT named after Gzhytskyj, S.Z., 19(79), 122-126. doi: 10.15421/nvlvet7924
Knyazeva, I. I., & Krisanov, A. F. (2008). The effect of vitamin A in the diets of cows on the protein content in milk. Zootechny, 2, 10-11. (In Russian).
Latysheva, O. V., & Pozdnyakova, V. F. (2015). Features of milk production of Holstein cows in a modern complex. Zootechny, 7, 17-18. (In Russian).
Levitskaya, L. G. (2017). Requirements and peculiarities of feeding dairy cows. Scientific Messenger LNUVMBT named after Gzhytskyj, S. Z., 19(79), 62-67. doi: 10.15421/nvlvet7913
Martynova, E. N., Achkasova, E. V., & Dultaeva, I. F. (2014). Influence of the season of the year on the productivity, chemical composition and technological properties of milk of black-and-white cows. Uchenye zapiski Kazan State Academy of Veterinary Medicine N.E. Bauman, 3, 215-219. (In Russian).
Milostiviy, R. V., & Karlova, L. V. (2017). Productive longevity of holstein cows of european selection of different lines under industrial technology conditions. Animal Breeding and Genetics, 54, 65-74.
Milostiviy, R. V., Karlova, L. V., & Sanzhara, R. A. (2017). Qualitative composition of milk of Holstein cows depending on the paratypic’s and genetic factors. Scientific Messenger LNUVMBT named after Gzhytskyj, S.Z., 19(82), 125-131. doi:10.15421/nvlvet8226
Milostiviy, R. V., Vysokos, M. P., Kalinichenko, O. O., Vasilenko, T. O., & Milostivа, D. F. (2017). Productive longevity of European Holstein cows in conditions of industrial technology. Ukrainian Journal of Ecology, 7(3), 169-179. doi: 10.15421/2017_66
Nanka, O., Shigimaga, V., Paliy, A., Sementsov, V., & Paliy, A. (2018). Development of the system to control milk acidity in the milk pipeline of a milking robot. Eastern-European Journal of Enterprise technologies, 3/9 (93), 27-33. doi:
Paliy, A. P. (2016). Innovative foundations for the production of high-quality milk. Monograph. Kharkiv: City Press, 270. (In Ukrainian)
Paliy, A. P., Nanka, O. V., Lutcenko, M. M., Naumenko, O. A., & Paliy, A. P. (2018). Influence of dust content in milking rooms on operation modes of milking machine pulsators. Ukrainian Journal of Ecology, 8(3), 66-70.
Petrukhina, L. L. (2014). Milk productivity and qualitative composition of milk of different genotypes. Mirnauki, culture, education, 2, 448-451. (In Russian)
Samokhina, A. A., & Gamko, L. N. (2018). Productivity and quality of milk in lactating cows when feeding complex mineral supplements. Bulletin of Krasnoyarsk State Agrarian University, 1, 96-98. doi: 10.18286/1816-4501-2018-1-96-98
Tsjupko, V. V. (2014). The study of the synthesis of the main components of milk as a polydisperse system. Agricultural Biology, 4, 99-105. doi: 10.15389/agrobiology.2014.4.99rus
Yuniper, D. T., Phipps, R. H., & Yoner A. K. (2006). Selenuim supplementation of lactating dairy cows: effect on selenium concentration in blood, milk, urine, and feces. Y. Dairy Sci, 89, 3544-3551.
Zaitsev, V. V., Konstantinov, V. A., & Kornilova, V. A. (2015). Efficiency of use of ekstrudеr concentrated mix feeds in feeding of cows. International Research Journal, 10(41), 3, 28-31. doi: 10.18454/IRJ.2015.41.097
Zubets, M., Polupan, Y., & Efіmenko, M. (2000). Perspectives of dairy cattle breeding in Ukraine. Tvarinnytstvo Ukraine, 5(6), 4-6. (In Ukrainian).


Share this article