Investigating the moral sensitivity of nurses in the shahid rahimi hospital in khorramabad city in 2015

Abstract

R. Shirzadegan, S. Hasanvand, N. Mahmoodi, N. Tahery, Z. Gorjian

Background and Purpose: Moral sensitivity is a characteristic which enables the individuals to identify their moral challenges and to percept the vulnerable situations morally and intellectually. It also enables nurses to understand the moral consequences in decision-making Processes about the other individuals. The moral sensitivity not only sensitizes the nurse in dealing with ethical issues in their professional environment, but also enables him/her to make moral decisions about the patients who receive the nursing cares with more confidence. One of the characteristics of the moral sensitivity is that it enables the individual to identify a care situation in order to react morally, to understand that a situation needs moral reaction which is the first step in the procedure of the moral reaction.
Materials and methods: This research is a descriptive cross sectional study. The study population consisted of all nurses working in the Shahid Rahimi Hospital in of Khorramabad city, Iran in 2015, and the study sample consisted of 100 nurses from the population who were selected randomly. The data collection tools are the Demographic Data Questionnaire and the Nurses Moral Sensitivity in Decision-Making Questionnaire. The collected data was analyzed through descriptive and inferential methods by means of SPSS, version 21.
Findings: The mean score of the moral sensitivity for the nurses of the medical- educational center of Shahid Rahimi showed that 33 percent (33 individuals) have the average moral sensitivity and 67 percent (67 individuals) have high moral sensitivity. On the other hand, the demographic variables such as gender or age, and other items such as marital status and educational leavel did not have affected significantly regarding the participants’ moral sensitivity.
Conclusion: Findings of the present study showed that 67 percent of the participants had high level of moral sensitivity; however, there is need for systematic planning and formulation of appropriate programs to increase the moral sensitivity of nurses in the health system of the country.

Keywords: moral sensitivity; morality; nursing

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