Minerals composition of wells water and their contribution to mineral nutrition in dairy cattle: A possible approach in reducing soil salinity by reducing mineral content in manure

Abstract

M. Al-Nawaiseh, G. Al-Rabadi

Drinking water plays an essential role in farm animals through marinating unlimited biological functions within animal body. From nutritional perspective, mineral content of drinking water is not counted when formulating dairy cattle diets. No information on the contribution of drinking water to the mineral nutrition of dairy cattle has been reported in Karak governorate. This work aimed to investigate minerals contribution of wells water in Karak governorate in the relation to nutritional requirements in dairy cattle. Furthermore, this work will give insight to possible approach in reducing soil salinity through reducing macro-mineral supplementation to dairy cattle when its manure used for fertilization in Karak ecosystem. Nine samples of wells water (three replicates) were obtained from Karak governorate and were analyzed for their cation (Sodium (Na), Potassium (K) and Calcium (Ca)) and anions (Chlorine (Cl)) concentrations. In this study, both Ca and K content were not enough to make a significant contribution to dairy cattle nutrition at different production stages. The highest contribution of different water sources to daily Ca and K requirements by dairy cattle were 4.50 and 4.52%, respectively. However, the lowest contribution of water to daily Ca and K requirements by dairy cattle were 4.10 and 0.03%, respectively. On the other hand, both Na and Cl content were relatively sufficient to make a significant contribution to dairy cattle nutrition at different production stages. The highest contribution of water to daily Na and Cl requirements were 33.56 and 43.78%, respectively. However, the lowest contribution of water to daily Na and Cl requirements were 3.67 and 7.48%, respectively. It can be concluded from this study that some water drinking sources in Karak governorate can provide a significant contribution in dairy cattle nutrition at different production stages and can minimize feed formulation cost when mineral content in drinking water is counted in feed formulation. Furthermore, counting wells water contribution of minerals in formulated dairy diets can minimize minerals excretion in manure and could be an approach to reduce soil salinity in Karak ecosystem when their manures are used as fertilizers.

Keywords: Drinking water, minerals, soil, salinity, fertilizers

References:
Aseltine, M. (1992). Maintenance of high-quality water assures good dairy health. Feedstuffs, 64(40), 14-15.
Attia-Ismail, S.A., Ahlam, R., Asker, A.R.T. (2008). Effect of salinity level in drinking water on feed intake, nutrient utilization, water intake and turnover and rumen function in sheep and goats. Egyptian J of Sheep and Goat Sciences (Special Issue), 2nd Inter. Sci. Conf. on SR Production 3(1), 77-92.
Azeez, J.O., Van Averbeke, W. (2012). Dynamics of Soil pH and Electrical Conductivity with the Application of Three Animal Manures. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 43(6), 865-874.
Beede, D.K., Lyons, T.P., Jacques, K. (1994). Water quality and nutrition for dairy cattle. In Biotechnology in the feed industry. Nottingham University Press, Loughborough, UK, pp: 183-198.
Campana, M., Alves, A.C., Oliveira, P.P., Bernardi, A.C., Santos, V.E.A, Herling, R., Morais, J.P.G., Júnior, W.B. (2015) Ammonia volatilization from exposed soil and Tanzania grass pasture fertilized with urea and Zeolite mixture. Comm Soil Sci Plant Anal 46, 1024-1033.
Beede, D.K. (2006). Evaluation of Water Quality and Nutrition for Dairy Cattle. Proc High Plains Dairy Conference, pp: 129-153.
Dahlborn, K., Akerlind, M., Gustafson, G. (1998). Water intake by dairy cows selected for high or low milk-fat percentage when fed two forage to concentrate ratios with hay or silage. Swedish J Agric Res 28, 167-176.
Elrod, C.C. (2014). Implications of Groundwater Minerals in Dairy Cattle Nutrition. High Plains Dairy Conference, pp: 13-22.
Ensley, S.M. (2000). Relationships of drinking water quality to production and reproduction in dairy herds. Retrospective Theses and Dissertations. Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa, USA.
Holter, J.B., Urban, W.E. (1992). Water partitioning and intake in dry and lactating Holstein cows. J Dairy Sci 75, 1472-1479.
Manera, D.B., Voltolini, T.V., Menezes, D.R., de Araújo, G.G.L. (2016). Chemical composition of drilled wells water for ruminants. J Agri Sci, 8, 127-137.
Martha, J., Corsi, G.B.M., Trivelin, P.C.O., Alves, M. (2004). Nitrogen recovery and loss in a fertilized elephant grass pasture. Grass and Forage Sci, 59, 80-90.
Mufwanzala, N., Dikinya, O. (2010). Impact of poultry manure and its associated salinity on the growth and yield of spinach (Spinacea oleracea) and carrot (Daucus carota). Int J Agric Biol, 12, 489-494.
National Research Council. (2001). Nutrient requirements of dairy cattle. National Academic Press, Washington DC.
National Research Council. (2005). Mineral tolerance of animals. National Academic Press, Washington DC.
Soder, E.M., Dyer, I.A. (1972). Contribution to mineral nutrition of cattle from drinking water. Cm J Anim Sci, 52, 197-198.
 

Share this article