Monitoring Of Residues Of Veterinary Preparations In Food Products

Abstract

E. V. Bayer, Yu. N. Novozhitskaya, L. V. Shevchenko, V. M. Mykhaslka

The results of studies of the content of residues of veterinary drugs in food indicate that when growing all types of productive animals, a significant number of antibiotics, sulfonamide and nitrofuran preparations of various spectrum and mechanism of action accumulate in meat, milk, eggs, as well as for preventive and therapeutic purposes and honey. We registered that food products of animal origin contain residues of veterinary preparations that do not exceed the MPC. Despite the ban on the use of antibiotics as stimulators of animal productivity, they are more often found in pork and beef, which indicates the use of these antimicrobials in the production of productive animals. Chloramphenicol was most often found in beef and pork, in rabbit meat, goose meat, chicken meat and honey, this antibiotic was present only in sporadic cases, and in milk its presence was not proven during monitoring studies. Nitrofuran preparations were detected mainly in beef, chicken, goose and honey, and in the last reporting year (2016), their presence was not found in these products, except for honey. Studies have shown that food eggs did not contain residues of nitrofuran drugs during the study period. The use of antibacterial drugs and anthelmintics in livestock breeding is confirmed by the fact that about 40% of the samples contain residual amounts of sulfanilamide preparations in the range of 50-70% of the MPC and about 20% of the samples contain residual amounts of anthelmintics. In Ukraine, control of the remnants of veterinary drugs in food products formally is not carried out. Of the group of fluoroquinolones, only enrofloxacin and norfloxacin are monitored, of the B-lactam group, amoxicillin, ampicillin, benzylpencilin from the aminoglycoside group-gentamicin, lincomycin, streptomycin, and dihydrostreptomycin. As for sulfonamide drugs, control is conducted only for 9 seconds with a very large group of these drugs. Particular attention when controlling the content of residues of veterinary drugs in livestock products should be given to methods for identifying these substances and improving existing research methods. We also suggested to extend the indicators mentioned in the "State Monitoring Plan for Residual Amounts of Veterinary Preparations, Pollutants and Toxicants in Products of Animal Origin" for greater control over the animal production and use of antibacterial substances in the farms.

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