Morpho-anatomical Parameters Of The Needles Of Pinus Pallasiana D. Don. In The Antierosion Afforestation


V. Bessonova, Т. Iusypiva

The paper studies morpho-anatomical parameters of the needles of Pinus pallasiana D. Don. in different forest growth conditions of the antierosion afforestation in the steppe Prydniprovya. The research objects are 25-27-year-old plants, which grow in cross-sectional rows on the northern slope of wooded ravine Viyskovyi. The test Plots differ in forest growth conditions especially in the extent of water supply.In spite of the relatively high drought tolerance of P. pallasiana, such morphometric indices of needles as length, width and thickness are reduced in dry forest conditions. Quantitative changes in a number of indicators of the structural elements of the anatomical structure of the needles indicate adaptive changes to the lack of moisture. The formation of needles in dry forest conditions causes the formation of a thicker cuticle, an increase in the thickness of the cells of the epidermis and the hypodermis (radially in the transverse section), which reduces the loss of moisture. However, reducing the size of the conducting beams limits both the flow of water into the needle and the outflow of assimilates. In arid growing conditions, the number of resin canals in needles is reduced compared to plants of thalweg, the layer of folded parenchyma, both the adaxial and abaxial parts of the needles, is thinned.


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