Morphobioecological features and harmfulness of apple-blossom weevil (Anthonomus pomorum Linnaeus, 1758)

Abstract

I.V. Zabrodina, M.D. Yevtushenko, S.V. Stankevych, O.A. Molchanova, H.V. Baidyk, I.P. Lezhenina, M.O. Filatov, L.Ya. Sirous, D.D. Yushchuk, V.O. Melenti, O.V. Romanov, T.A. Romanova, O.M. Bragin

In the course of the literature critical analysis the authors paid special attention to the morphological, biological and ecological features of the apple-blossom weevil in fruit plantations, both in Ukraine and abroad; the authors came to the conclusion that despite the considerable number of literary sources devoted to the apple-blossom weevil, there is still a number of its biological and ecological features which are in close connection with the protection measures for controlling it and these measures have not yet been completely clarified. In particular, the relationship between the phenology of the apple varieties of different time of ripening and the period of egg- laying as well as between the period of summer diapause of the pest and its concentration places during the summer diapause and during hibernation remains unclear. There is also a lack of data on the density of the hibernating beetles of the apple-blossom weevil under the dead bark on the trunks and boughs, in the surface layer of soil and plant litter of the crown projection per apple tree; the knowledge of these facts would allow to calculate the pest density in the next spring in order to protect the apple trees before blossoming. The data obtained by the entomologists from different countries regarding the harmfulness of the apple-blossom weevil and its economic importance are quite controversial and also need experimental confirmation.

Keywords: Apple-blossom weevil; Morphology; Biology; Ecology; Harmfulness.
References

Alekseeva S.A. (1985). Borba s vreditelyami i boleznyami v plodovyh pitomnikah Kabardino-Balkarii, Sadovodstvo, 3, 17–19. (in Russian).

Ambrosov A.L., Bolotnikova V.V. & Mercalova O.S. (1976). Kak zashitit sad ot vreditelej i boleznej, Minsk, Urozhaj, 136. (in Russian).

Aristov M.T. (1926). O roli Anthonomus pomorum L. v periodichnosti plodonosheniya yabloni, Leningrad, 31. (in Russian).

Aristov M.T. (1931). Yablonnyj cvetoed (Anthonomus pomorum L.), Moskva, Selhozgiz, 29. (in Russian).

Aristov M.T. (1932). O vredonosnosti yablonnogo cvetoeda. Trudy po zashite rastenij, Leningrad, Ser. 1, Vyp. 6, 6–30. (in Russian).

Aristov M.T. (1932). Vrednye nasekomye plodovogo sada, Moskva, Selhozgiz, 42. (in Russian).

Batiashvili I.D. (1959). Vrediteli kontinentalnyh i subtropicheskih plodovyh kultur, Tbilisi, 455. (in Russian).

Batinica J. (1958). Neka zapazanja i iskuztva o suzbijanju jabucnog cvjetojeda (Anthonomus pomorum L.), Poljopr. pregl. 1,2,35-37.

Beleckij E.N. (1987). Teoriya ciklichnosti dinamiki populyacij i metody mnogoletnego prognoza massovogo razmnozheniya vrednyh nasekomyh : avtoref. dis. na soiskanie uchen. stepeni d-ra biol. nauk.: spec. 06.01.11 «Zashita rastenij ot vreditelej i boleznej», Kiev, 42. (in Russian).

Beleckij E.N. (2008). Populyacionnye cikly, prichiny i sledstviya, Visnik HNAU, Seriya “Entomologiya ta fitopatologiya”, 8, 17–27. (in Russian).

Bezdenko T.T. (1958). Zashita plodovogo sada ot vreditelej, Minsk, 122. (in Russian).

Boldyrev M.I., Alekseeva S.A. & Titov D.A. (1989). Sistema zashity plodovyh kultur ot vreditelej i boleznej, Moskva, Agropromizdat, 94. (in Russian).

Borisoglebskaya M.S. (1975). Yablonnyj cvetoed, Zashita rastenij, 11, 61–62. (in Russian).

Borisoglebskaya M.S. (1977). Plodovye dolgonosiki, Zashita rastenij, 6, 60–61. (in Russian).

Borodin D.N. (1917). Borba s vreditelyami sadov po mesyacam, Poltava, Hutoryanin, 32. (in Russian).

Chizh O.D., Filov V.V. & Gavrilyuk O.M. et al. (2008). Intensivni sadi yabluni, Kiyiv, Agrarna nauka, 224. (in Ukrainian)

Chugunin Ya.V. & Yuganova O.N. (1937). Borba s vreditelyami plodovogo sada, Moskva, Selhozgiz, 152–155. (in Russian).

Chugunin Ya.V. & Yuganova O.N. (1946). Fenologicheskij kalendar po zashite sada ot vreditelej i boleznej, Simferopol, Krymizdat, 36–40. (in Russian).

Chugunin Ya.V. (1932). K voprosu o predopredelennosti razvitiya zavyazi v socvetii yabloni i o vybore butonov samkoj Anthonomus  pomorum L pri kladke yaic. Trudy po zashite rastenij, Leningrad, Ser. 1, Vyp. 6, 37–44. (in Russian).

Chugunin Ya.V. (1935). Borba s vreditelyami plodovogo sada, Moskva, Selhozgiz, 159. (in Russian).

Chugunin Ya.V. (1938). Sadovye dolgonosiki i mery borby s nimi. Tr. Krym. plodovodcheskoj stancii (1913–1938 gg.), T. 1, Moskva, 319–325. (in Russian).

Chugunin Ya.V. (1950). Rol sadovyh dolgonosikov v periodichnosti plodonosheniya yabloni, v svyazi s problemoj likvidacii ih massovogo zapasa: dis. doktora s.-h. nauk, Simferopol, 227. (in Russian).

Chugunin Ya.V. (1954). Rol sadovyh dolgonosikov v periodichnosti plodonosheniya yabloni v svyazi s problemoj likvidacii ih massovogo zapasa: avtoref. dis. na soiskanie nauch. stepeni dokt. s.-h. nauk, Harkov, 24. (in Russian).

Diamandidi M.K. (1923). Glavnejshie vrednye nasekomye plodovih sadov stepnogo Prichernomorya i mery borby s nimi, Odesa, Narodnyj komitet zemledeliya, 32. (in Russian).

Dovgan S.V. (2009). Modeli prognozu rozvitku ta rozmnozhennya fitofagiv, Herson, Ajlant, 208. (in Ukrainian).

Drozda V.F. (2000). Yablunevij kvitkoyid, Zahist roslin, 6, 14–15. (in Ukrainian).

Drozda V.F. (2001). Porogi shkodochinnosti, Zahist roslin, 2, 21–22. (in Ukrainian).

Filippov N.A. (1990). Problemy biometoda. Zashita rastenij, 10, 3–5. (in Russian).

Gamina E.Sh. & Rotar L.M. (1991). Yablonnyj cvetoed i mery borby s nim. Sadovodstvo, vinogradarstvo i vinodelie Moldovy, 4, 32–33. (in Russian).

Gincenberg A. (1912). Kak borotsya s yablonovym cvetoedom. Kursk, Izd-vo Kurskogo otdela plodovodstva, 20. (in Russian).

Grossgejm N.A. (1925). Proekt programmy rabot po vreditelyam intensivnyh kultur na Ukraine. Sadovye vrediteli. Trudy soveshaniya po opytnomu delu v oblasti specialnyh kultur, Harkov, 32–39. (in Russian).

Hausmann C., Samietz J. & Dorn S. (2004). Monitoring the dynamics of orchard colonisation by Anthonomus pomorum in spring, Entomologia experimentalis еt applicata. V. 110, 3, 207–216.

Hausmann C., Samietz J. & Dorn S. (2005). Thermal orientation of Anthonomus pomorum (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) in early spring, Physiological entomology, V. 30, 1, 48–53.

Hull L.A., Beers E.H. & Meagher R.L. (1985). Integration of biological and chemical control tactics for apple pest through selective timing and choice of synthetic pyrethroid insecricides, J. econ. Entomol, Vol. 78, 3, 714–721.

Kamyshnyj N.S. & Soloveva A.I. (1927). Vrediteli i povrezhdeniya sadovyh kultur.; pod. red. A.N. Rahmaninova. Vrediteli i povrezhdeniya v 1926 godu. Harkovskaya oblastnaya selsko-hozyajstvennaya opytnaya stanciya; Entomologicheskij otdel, Harkov, 7, 49–57. (in Russian).

Kashirskaya N.Ya. (1991). Obosnovanie ekonomicheskih porogov vredonosnosti listogryzushih vreditelej yabloni i yablonnogo cvetoeda: avtoref. dis. na soiskanie uchen. stepeni kand. s.-h. nauk.: spec. 06.01.11., Moskva, 22. (in Russian).

Kazanskij A.N. (1915). Yablonnyj cvetoed ili yablonnyj dolgonosik. Materialy po izucheniyu vrednyh nasekomyh Moskovskoj gubernii, Moskva, 6, 16–17. (in Russian).

Kolesova D.A. & Chmyr P.G. (2005). Zashita plodonosyashih sadov yabloni i grushi. Zashita i karantin rastenij, 6, 50. (in Russian).

Kolesova D.A. (1995). Biologicheskaya zashita sada ot vreditelej. Zashita rastenij, 9, 38–39. (in Russian).

Kolesova D.A. (1996). Yablonnyj cvetoed. Zashita i karantin rastenij, 5, 27–28. (in Russian).

Korchagin V.N. (1980). Yablonnyj cvetoed. Zashita rastenij, 5, 63. (in Russian).

Krikunov I.V. & Zamorskij V.V. (2002). Efektivnist entomofagiv. Zahist roslin, 3, 16. (in Ukrainian).

Kudas Ya.M. & Dolya M.M. (2002). Yablunevij kvitkoyid. Zahist roslin, 1, 21. (in Ukrainian).

Lanak Ya., Shimko K. & Vanek G. (1972). Atlas boleznej i vreditelej plodovyh, yagodnyh, ovoshnyh kultur i vinograda, Bratislava, Priroda, 172. (in Russian).

Litvinov B.M., Vassiliu V.A. & Lukyanchenko A.P. (2004). Osobennosti razvitiya yablonnogo cvetoeda Anthonomus pomorum L. (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) v vostochnoj lesostepi Ukrainy. Visnik HNAU. Ser. “Entomologiya ta fitopatologiya”, 5, 49–51. (in Russian).

Livshic I.Z. & Petrushkova N.I. (1961). Zashita plodovogo sada ot vreditelej i boleznej. Simferopol, Krymizdat, 26 –27. (in Russian).

Livshic I.Z. & Petrushova N.I. (1979). Rekomendacii po uchetu chislennosti vreditelej yabloni i prognozu neobhodimosti borby s nimi. pod. red. T.A. Ishenko, Moskva, Kolos, 63. (in Russian).

Mamaev K.A., Lenskij G.K. & Soboleva V.P. (1981). Borba s vreditelyami i boleznyami plodovih, yagodnyh i ovoshnyh kultur, Moskva, Kolos, 76–78. (in Russian).

Matvejchik M.A. (1998). Estestvennye faktory regulirovaniya chislennosti yablonnogo cvetoeda. Aktualnye problemy biologicheskoj zashity rastenij, Minsk, 79–80. (in Russian).

Matvievskij A.S., Loshickij V.P. & Tkachev V.M. et al. (1987). Integrirovannaya zashita sada.; pod red. A. S. Matvievskogo, Kiev, Urozhaj, 250. (in Russian).

Mozgovoj Yu.G. (1932). K harakteristike povedeniya Anthonomus  pomorum L. Trudy po zashite rastenij, Leningrad, Ser. 1, Vyp. 6, 31–36. (in Russian).

Nasekomye i kleshi–vrediteli selskohozyajstvennyh kultur. (1974). Zhestkokrylye. Pod red. O.L. Kryzhanovskogo, Leningrad, Nauka, 2, 336. (in Russian).

Niemczyk E. & Skorupinski G. (1994). Effectiveness of phosalone (zolone) in the control of apple blossom weevil (Anthonomus pomorum L.) and the apple sucker (Psylla mali Schm.) as well as its selectivity to predatory mites (Phytoseiidae), Journal of fruit and ornamental plant research, V. II, 1, 21–29.

Nikolaeva A.F. (1973). Dolgonosiki i trubkoverty–vrediteli plodovyh kultur centra srednerusskoj vozvyshennosti: avtoref. dis. na soiskanie uchen. stepeni kand. biol. nauk: spec. 03.097 «Zoologiya», Voronezh, 24. (in Russian).

Nikolskaya M.N. (1926). Vliyanie ugneteniya butonov yabloni lichinkami Psylla mali Sh. na velichinu vyhodyashih iz nih zhukov. Zashita rastenij, T. 4, Vyp. 2, 222–225. (in Russian).

Okroshiashvili K.K. (1996). Yablonnyj cvetoed v Gruzii. Zashita i karantin rastenij, 3, 32. (in Russian).

Rilishkene M.A. & Zayanchauskas P.A. (1985). Chislennost i vredonosnost yablonnogo cvetoeda v sadah Litovskoj SSR v 1967–1968 gg. Acta entomol. lituanica, Litva, 8, 70–77. (in Russian).

Ritus-Potapova T.M. (1928). Osobennosti cveteniya yabloni v svyazi s biologiej yablonevogo cvetoeda (Anthonomus pomorum L.). Zashita rastenij ot vreditelej, T. 5, 25–31. (in Russian).

Rodionov Z. (1932). Osennie (ili ranne-vesennie) raboty po borbe s vreditelyami v sadah. Na zashitu socialisticheskogo urozhaya, 17–18, 20 –23. (in Russian).

Samojlovich E.N. (1926). Glavnejshie nasekomye, vredyashie plodovodstvu i mery borby s nimi, Leningrad, Mysl, 56. (in Russian).

Savkovskij P.P. (1990). Atlas vreditelej plodovyh i yagodnyh kultur, Kiev, Urozhaj, 32–38. (in Russian).

Savzdarg V.E. (1956). Vrediteli plodovyh i yagodnyh kultur, Moskva, Selhozgiz, 164. (in Russian).

Sevesku A. (1966). Vrediteli plodovyh derevev, yagodnikov i vinogradnoj lozy. Zashita rastenij (albom), Buharest, Meridian, T. 1, 127–128. (in Russian).

Sherbinovskij N. (1925). Zashita urozhaya ovoshej i plodov ot vrednyh nasekomyh, Moskva, Novaya derevnya, 56. (in Russian).

Shevchuk I. (2006). Integrovanij zahist grushi vid shkidnikiv u zoni Pivnichnogo Lisostepu, Zahist roslin, 2, 76–79. (in Ukrainian)

Shrejner Ya.F. (1907). Nastavlenie po borbe s yablonnym cvetoedom ili dolgonosikom (Anthonomus pomorum L.), Sankt-Peterburg, 8. (in Russian).

Shrejner Ya.F. (1915). Kratkoe rukovodstvo po borbe s vreditelyami plodovogo sada iz klassa nasekomyh, Petrograd, 44. (in Russian).

Shtundyuk A.V. (1969). Vrediteli i bolezni plodovo-yagodnyh kultur i vinogradnoj lozy na Dalnem Vostoke i borba s nimi, Habarovsk, Habarovskoe knizhnoe izd-vo, 39–40. (in Russian).

Slavgorodskaya–Kurpieva L.E., Zhernovoj A.S. & Alpeev A.E. (1993). Zashita plodovo-yagodnyh kultur i vinograda ot vreditelej i boleznej v fermerskih i priusadebnyh uchastkah Ukrainy, Doneck, Donechchina, 111. (in Russian).

Sokolov A.M. & Sokolova R.A. (1974). Ustojchivost plodovyh rastenij k vreditelyam i boleznyam, Moskva, Kolos, 159. (in Russian).

Sorochinskij L.V., Protasov N.I. & Bolotnikova V.V. (1998). Vrediteli i bolezni sada i ogoroda i mery borby s nimi na dachnyh i priusadebnyh uchastkah. Minsk, Sovremennoe slovo, 240. (in Russian).

Soshnikov V.I. (1989). Yablonnyj cvetoed. Zashita rastenij, 4, 24–25. (in Russian).

Stankevych, S.V., Vasylieva, Yu.V. & Golovan, L.V., Zabrodina, I.V. et al. (2019). Chronicle of insect pests massive reproduction. Ukrainian Journal of Ecology, 9(1), 262-274.

Stankevych, S. V., Yevtushenko, M. D. & Zabrodina, I.V. et al. (2019). V.V. Dokuchaiev Scientific school of Kharkiv National Agrarian University and development agricultural entomology in XIX-XXI centuries. Ukrainian Journal of Ecology, 9(2), 170-178

Stankevych, S. V., Baidyk, H. V. & Lezhenina, I. P. et al. (2019). Wandering of mass reproduction of harmful insects within the natural habitat. Ukrainian Journal of Ecology, 9(4), 578-583.

Stankevych, S.V., Biletskyj, Ye.M. & Zabrodina, I.V. et al. (2020). Prognostication algorithms and predictability ranges of mass reproduction of harmful insects according to the method of nonliner dynamics. Ukrainian Journal of Ecology, 10(1), 37-42.

Tertyshnyj A.S. (1988). Plodovye dolgonosiki, Zashita rastenij, 7, 54–55. (in Russian).

Toepfer S., Gu H. & Dorn S. (2000). Selection of hibernation sites by Anthonomus pomorum: preferences and ecological consequences, Entomologia experimentalis et applicate, Vol. 95, 3, 241–249.

Toepfer S., Gu H. & Dorn S. (2002). Biological analysis of spring colonization of apple trees by Anthonomus pomorum, Entomologia experimentalis et applicata, Vol. 103, 2, 151–159.

Tretyakov N.N. (1982). Nekotorye dannye o biologii i ekologii yablonnogo cvetoeda (Anthonomus pomorum L.), Nauch. dokl. vyssh. shkoly. biol. nauki, 8, 35–37. (in Russian).

Troickij N.N. (1925). Yablonnyj dovgonosik (Anthonomus pomorum). Eksperimentalnaya stanciya po prikladnoj entomologii GIOA, Leningrad, 56. (in Russian).

Tryapicyn V.A., Shapiro V.A. & Shepetilnikov V.A. (1982). Parazity i hishniki vreditelej selskohozyajstvennyh kultur, Leningrad, Kolos, 256. (in Russian).

Vasilev I.V. (1924). Nasekomye vredyashie sadu i borba s nimi. Harkov, 49. (in Russian).

Vasilev V.P. & Livshic I.Z. (1984). Vrediteli plodovyh kultur, Moskva, Kolos, 399. (in Russian).

Vasilev V.P. (1988). Vrediteli selskohozyajstvennyh kultur i lesnyh nasazhdenij: V 3-h t. T. 2: Vrednye chlenistonogie, pozvonochnye. pod. red. V.P. Vasileva 2-e izd., isp. i dop. K.: Urozhaj, 576 s. C. 132–133: Anthonomus pomorum L. (in Russian).

Vasiliu V.A. & Lukyanchenko A.P. (1998). Izmenenie biohimicheskogo sostava plodov yabloni i grushi v zavisiiosti ot osveshennosti i povrezhdennosti plodozherkami, Izvestiya Harkovskogo entomologichnogo obshestva, Harkov, T. 6, Vyp. 1, 137–139. (in Russian).

Vasiliu V.A. (1998). Fenologiya i vredonosnost yablonnogo cvetoeda (Anthonomus pomorum L.) v Vostochnoj Lesostepi Ukrainy. Vestnik zoologii (praci V z’yizdu Ukrayinskogo entomologichnogo tovaristva), Kiev, 9, 34–38. (in Russian).

Vasilyev V.P. & Shishkova M.I. (1961). Shkidniki ta hvorobi plodovih kultur ta zahodi borotbi z nimi, Kiyiv, Urozhaj, 12–18. (in Ukrainian)

Vasilyev V.P., Degtyarova O.S. & Shestopalova V.S. et al. (1976). Zahist sadu vid shkidnikiv i hvorob, Kiyiv, Urozhaj, 56–82. (in Ukrainian).

Vassiliu V.A. (1999). Yablunevij kvitkoyid ta yabluneva plodozherka u Shidnomu Lisostepu Ukrayini (fenologiya, shkodochinnist, prognoz): avtoref. dis. na zdobuttya nauk. stupenya kand. s.-g. nauk: spec. 03.00.09 “Entomologiya”, Harkiv, 18. (in Ukrainian).

Vassiliu V.A. (1999). Yablunevij kvitkoyid ta yabluneva plodozherka u Shidnomu Lisostepu Ukrayini (fenologiya, shkodochinnist, prognoz): dis. kandidata s.-g. nauk: 03.00.09. Harkiv, 139. (in Ukrainian)

Vinnichenko I.F. (1988). Mery borby s dolgonosikom v yablonevyh sadah intensivnogo tipa, Zashita selskohozyajstvennyh kultur ot boleznej, vreditelej i sornyakov v usloviyah MSSR, Kishinev SHI, Kishinev, 31–36. (in Russian).

Vinokurov G.M. (1917). Dolgonosik cvetoed (Anthonomus pomorum L.). zemskogo byuro borby s vreditelyami, Tiflis, Tiflis.-Erivan, Karsk, 11–12. (in Russian).

Vitkovskij L.N. (1926). Yablonnyj cvetoed (Anthonomus pomorum L.), kak vreditel vishni. Byuleten o deyatelnosti Ulyanovskoj Stazra za 1926 god, 59–65. (in Russian).

Volkodav V.V. & Konverska V.P. (2002). Sortova reakciya yabluni, Zahist roslin, 6, 12–14. (in Ukrainian).

Volodichev M.A. (1974). Vredonosnost yablonnogo cvetoeda i metod ee izucheniya, Trudy Vseros. NII zashity rastenij, 3, 24–29.(in Russian).

Vovk I. (1926). Shkidniki sadu, Harkiv, 90. (in Ukrainian).

Vyangelyauskajte A. (1992). Yablonnyj cvetoed. Zashita rastenij, 4, 61. (in Russian).

Yakimchuk A.P. & Mutena M.M. (2008). Novaya ugroza yablonevym sadam, Zashita i karantin rastenij, 6, 20 –21. (in Russian).

Yakimchuk A.P., Mutena M.M. (2008). Raznica vo vredonosnosti i fenologi razvitiya fitofagov stanovitsya zametene, Zashita i karantin rastenij, 5, 54. (in Russian).

Yanovskij Yu.P. (2003). Agrobiocenotichne obgruntuvannya zahistu plodovih rozsadnikiv vid osnovnih shkidnikiv zernyatkovih kultur u Lisostepu Ukrayini : avtoref. dis. na zdobuttya nauk. stupenya d-ra. s.-g. nauk: spec. 16.00.10 “Entomologiya”, Kiyiv, 36. (in Ukrainian).

Yevtushenko M.D. & Zabrodina I.V. (2008). Zaselenist yablunevim kvitkoyidom Anhonomus pomorum L. (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) stovburiv ta skeletnih gilok yablun, Visnik HNAU, Ser. “Entomologiya ta fitopatologiya”, 8, 41–46. (in Ukrainian).

Yevtushenko M.D. (2005). Teoretichni osnovi prognozu masovogo rozmnozhennya osnovnih shkidnikiv yabluni v Ukrayini, Zahist i karantin roslin, Mizhvidomchij tematichnij naukovij zbirnik UAAN, In-t zahistu roslin, Kiyiv, 51, 3–9. (in Ukrainian).

Yevtushenko M.D., Zabrodina I.V. (2009). Deyaki osoblivosti biologiyi, shkodochinnosti ta dinamiki chiselnosti yablunevogo kvitkoyida. Innovacijni agrotehnologiyi v umovah globalnogo poteplinnya: materiali mizhnar. nauk.-prakt. konf., Melitopol, Kirilivka, 250–252. (in Ukrainian).

Zabrodina I.V. & Yevtushenko M.D., (2002). Osoblivosti shkodochinnosti yablunevogo kvitkoyida Anthonomus pomorum L. (Coleoptera, Curculionidae) v umovah Harkivskoyi oblasti. Materiali studentskoyi naukovo-praktichnoyi konferenciyi, prisvyachenoyi 70-richchyu fakultetu zahistu roslin “Molod za bioriznomanittya”, Hark. nac. Agrar. un-t im. V.V. Dokuchayeva, 64–65. (in Ukrainian).

Zabrodina I.V. (2006). Fenologiya ta shkodochinnist yablunevogo kvitkoyida v Harkivskij oblasti. Ekologizaciya stalogo rozvitku agrosferi, kulturnij gruntogenez i noosferna perspektiva informacijnogo suspilstva, do 190-richchya HNAU im. V. V. Dokuchayeva: materiali mizhnar. nauk. konf. studentiv, aspirantiv i molodih uchenih, Hark. nac. agrar. un-t im. V.V. Dokuchayeva, 234–235. (in Ukrainian).

Zabrodina I.V. (2007). Bioekologichni osoblivosti, chiselnist ta shkodochinnist yablunevogo kvitkoyida v sadu navchalno-doslidnogo gospodarstva HNAU. Visnik HNAU. Seriya “Entomologiya ta fitopatologiya”, 7, 79–80. (in Ukrainian).

Zabrodina I.V. (2008). Mesta zimovki i letnej diapauzy yablonnogo cvetoeda v usloviyah Harkovskoj oblasti. Zhivye obekty v usloviyah antropogennogo pressa: materialy mezhdunar. nauch-prakt. ekolog. konf., Belgorod, 74–75. (in Russian).

Zabrodina, I.V., Yevtushenko, M.D. & Stankevych, S.V. et al. (2020). Ukrainian and international experience of integrated protection of apple-tree from apple-blossom weevil (Anthonomus pomorum Linnaeus, 1758). Ukrainian Journal of Ecology, 10(1), 277-288.

Zhemchuzhina A.A., Stepina N.P. & Tarasova V.P. (1985). Zashita rastenij na priusadebnyh uchastkah, Leningrad, Agropromizdat, 145–146. (in Russian).

Share this article