Morphological features of the jejunum and ileum of the middle and heavy goose breeds

Abstract

M. M. Kushch, L. L. Kushch, E. V. Byrka, V. V. Byrka, O. S. Yaremchuk

We studied the morphological features of the jejunum and ileum in middle and heavy goose breeds. The geese under six month of age of Gorkovskaya and Legart breeds were used in our research. Geese of a heavy breed had a large intestinal mass, length of the jejunum and ileum, thickness of the mucous membrane of the ileum, and a smaller thickness of the muscular tunic of the jejunum. Legart geese had greater villi density and crypt depth in the jejunum and greater height and density of the villi, the width of the crypts, and the ratio of the height of the villi to the depth of the crypts in the ileum. In all the guts of heavier geese, the density of crypts was lower. The geese of the heavy breed had larger number and area of the ganglia of the mental plexus and smaller number and area in the submucosa in the jejunum, while they had larger area of the ganglia of the submucosal plexus in the ileum. The number of argyrophilic and argentaffin apudocytes in the jejunum of geese of different breeds did not differ, when the Legart breed geese had lesser quantity of apudocytes in the ileum.
Key words: Geese; Intestines; Breed; Morphological marker; Gorkovskaya; Legart
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