Pork quality as an ecological index of the “organism-environment” interaction

Abstract

I.B. Bankovska, S.A. Manyunenko, V.M. Kondratiuk, Yu.V. Zasukha, S.M. Grishchenko, I.S. Mytiai, N.P. Hryshchenko

The article presents the results of the analysis of the connection between the intensive growing conditions and feeding of highly productive commercial pig combinations with the indices of their meat quality in the ecological aspect of the "organism - environment" interaction. It is established that the pork quality is an important complex index that determines the ecological status level of important interrelated processes of pork production, human nutrition and the natural environment functioning. It has been proved that high-producing pigs have a different level of meat quality indices under the same conditions of keeping and feeding, which is important for the improvement of ecological and technological systems of pork production.
The conclusion is made on the need to control improving of feeding rations for high-producing meat-type pigs grown with intensive technologies, by amino acid and mineral composition. The emphasis is made on improving the availability of nitrogen and phosphorus in the plant-based fodder for pigs and reducing the negative impact of residual metabolites on the ecological status of the environment.

Keywords: Pigs; commercial breed combinations; intensive fattening; meat quality; improvement; lysine; calcium; phosphorus

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