Post-postmodern Urban Architecture Based On Jacques Lacan’s Three Orders


Farshad Mafakher

Developments in modern architecture coincided with developments in scientific and aesthetic approaches of modern time with modernity demanded in all scientific fields. Aesthetic views in modern architecture tended toward clear and simple ways of viewing, therefore it was brought to visual brevity and urban scales and details were created in buildings and urbanism. Visual brevity and its interaction with time and pace in the course of changing views at the time of evolution of modern architecture and romantic thoughts date back to nineteenth century, revealing naturalistic architecture pinnacle in architectural works. Visual brevity prioritized destination with no slightest doubt and the architect’s image (the imaginary) evolved in modern architecture. On the other hand, through environmental same-concept with living organism of nature, visual brevity created organic architecture. The criticism of postmodernism, compared with modernism, considered premodernism forgotten images, discussing time and pace in modern criticism in terms of concentrated, deconcentrated or skipping human and followed deliberative time and pace to evaluate architecture and urbanism works, the inspiration of which was the architect’s postmodern images. Postmodern symbolism (the symbolic) stemmed from forgotten memories. Regarding this, with a closer look, modern and postmodern developments are analyzed considering Jacques Lacan’s three orders. Post-postmodern realism (the real) toward a vague non-sense world in real world is the aesthetics particular of this era. Lack of same- concept in this type of aesthetics resulted in lack of a clear specification source. Hence, continuous research is required.


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