Preconditions for eco-friendly milk production on the modern dairy complexes

Abstract

A.P. Palii, O.V. Nanka, O.A. Naumenko, V.G. Prudnikov, A.P. Paliy

It has been established that the degree of contamination of the cows’ udder and shin, which refers to Category I, does not affect the milk quality (according to the CFU, the milk refers to the grade “Extra”). With a further increase in the degree of contamination of the cows’ udder and shin up to Categories IV and V, compared to Category I, the degree of mechanical contamination of the lavage from the udder increases correspondingly by 6.4 and 8.8 times at p<0.001. The degree of bacterial contamination of milk is particularly significant-by 30.9 and 38.4 times (p<0.001), which causes its deterioration. Comparing the level of contamination of the udder of Category III to Category II, the difference by 1.7 times was established, and by the degree of bacterial contamination of milk-1.5 times, at p<0.001 in both cases. During the statistical analysis of the values of mechanical contamination of the udder and shin with the approach from Category I to Category IV, a high degree of probability was detected (p<0.001), and with the approach from Category IV to V, the difference in degree of contamination was 1.4 times, at p<0.01. It has been proved that the increase in the degree of contamination of separate areas of the cows’ body surface by the integrated 5-point assessment of the hygienic state of animals is accompanied by the increase in the quantitative values of mechanical contamination of milk and its bacterial contamination, which is confirmed by a high positive correlation dependence (r=+0.917 and r=+0.934). At the same time, it has been determined that the correlation coefficient has the highest value (r=+0.990) between the integrated scoring assessment according to the categories of contamination of the cows’ udder and shin, and the level of mechanical contamination of the lavages from the udder. Furthermore, it has been proved that the state of bacterial contamination of milk is affected by the degree of its mechanical pollution-r=+0.945 and the degree of contamination of the cows’ udder (r=+0.957).

Keywords: High yielding cows; lavage; milk quality; category; bacterial contamination

References:
Borshch, O. O., Borshch, O. V., Kosior, L. T., Pirova, L. V., & Lastovska, I. O. (2017). Influence of various litter materials and premises characteristics on the comfort and behavior of cows. Ukrainian Journal of Ecology, 7(4), 529-535. doi: 10.15421/2017_156
Endres, М. І. (2017). The Relationship of Cow Comfort and Flooring to Lameness Disorders in Dairy Cattle. Veterinary Clinics of North America: Food Animal Practice, 33(2), 227-233. doi: 10.1016/j.cvfa.2017.02.007
Galton, D. M., Petersson, L. G., & Merrill, W. G. (1986). Effects of pre-milking udder preparation practices on bacterial counts in milk and teats. Journal of Dairy Science, 69, 260-266. doi: 10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(86)80396-4
Ghaid, Al-Rabadi, & Marwan, Al-Hijazeen. (2018). Futorna Variation in dietary cation-anion differences (DCAD) of feed ingredients in relation to milk fever disease in dairy cattle. Ukrainian Journal of Ecology, 8(1), 51-56. doi: 10.15421/2017_186
Gibson, H., Sinclair, L. A., Brizuela, C. M., Worton, H. L., & Protheroe, R. G. (2008). Effectiveness of selected pre-milking teat-cleaning regimes in reducing teat microbial load on commercial dairy farms. Letters in Applied Microbiology, 46, 295-300. doi: 10.1111/j.1472-765X.2007.02308.x
Gleeson, D., O’Brien, B., Flynn, J., O’Callaghan, E., & Galli, F. (2009). Effect of pre-milking teat preparation procedures on the microbial count on teats prior to cluster application. Irish Veterinary Journal, 62(7), 461-467. doi: 10.1186/2046-0481-62-7-461
Grindal, R. J., & Bramley, A. J. (1989). Effect of udder preparation on transmission of Staphylococcus aureus while milking with a multi-valved cluster. Journal of Dairy Research, 56, 683-690. doi: 10.1017/S0022029900029241
Haley, D. B., Rushen, J., & Passillé, A. M. (2000). Behavioural indicators of cow comfort: activity and resting behaviour of dairy cows in two types of housing. Canadian Journal of Animal, 80(2), 257-263. doi:10.4141/A99-084
Hvatova, A. Ju. (2016). Razrabotka sistemy monitoringa sostojanija zdorov'ja korov. Nauchnyj al'manah, 5-3(19), 189-192. doi: 10.17117/na.2016.05.03.189
Ingawa, K. H., Adkinson, R. W., & Gough, R. H. (1992). Evaluation of a gel teat cleaning and sanitising compound for premilking hygene. Journal of Dairy Science, 75, 1224-1232. doi: 10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(92)77871-0
Kitikov, V., & Romaniuk, W. (2017). The influence natural and industrial factors on the efficiency of the dairy industry. De Gruyter open. Agricultural Engineering, 21(2), 91-100. doi: 10.1515/agriceng-2017-0019
Latysheva, O. V. (2016). Vlijanie sezona goda i urovnja molochnoj produktivnosti na himicheskij sostav moloka korov golshtinskoj porody. Mezhdunarodnyj nauchno-issledovatel'skij zhurnal, 6(48), 5, 177-180. doi: 10.18454/IRJ.2016.48.160
Lefevre, C. M., Sharp, J. A., & Nicholas, K. R. (2010). Evolution of lactation: Ancient origin and extreme adaptations of the lactation system. Annual Review of Genomics and Human Genetics, 11, 219-238. doi: 10.1146/annurev-genom-082509-141806
Magnusson, M., Christiansson, A., Svensson, B., & Kolstrup, C. (2006). Effect of different pre-milking manual teat-cleaning methods on bacterial spore milk. Journal of Dairy Science, 89, 3866-3875. doi: 10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(06)72429-8
McKinnon, C. H., Rowlands, G. J., & Bramley, A. J. (1990). The effect of udder preparation before milking and contamination from the milking plant on bacterial numbers in bulk milk of eight dairy herds. Journal of Dairy Research, 57, 307-318. doi: 10.1017/S0022029900026959
Nanka, О., Shigimaga, V., Paliy, A., Sementsov, V., & Paliy, A. (2018). Development of the system to control milk acidity in the milk pipeline of a milking robot. Eastern-European Journal of Enterprise Technologies, 3/9(93), 27-33. doi: 10.15587/1729-4061.2018.133159
Neja, W., Piwczynski, D., Krezel-Czopek, S., Sawa, A., & Ozkaya, S. (2017). The use of data mining techniques for analysing factors affecting cow reactivity during milking. Journal of Central European Agriculture, 18(2), 342-357. doi: 10.5513/JCEA01/18.2.1907
Osipenko, T. L., Admina, N. G., Palii, А. P., Chechui, H. F., & Mihalchenko, S. A. (2018). Influence of the level feeding high-productive cows on obtaining biosafety products. Ukrainian Journal of Ecology, 8(4), 189-194.
Paliy, A. P. (2016). Innovacijni osnovy oderzhannja vysokojakisnogo moloka. Mis'kdruk, Harkiv (in Ukrainian).
Paliy, A. P. (2016). Innovacijnyj pidhid v ocinci chystoty vymeni koriv. Naukovo-tehnichnyj bjuleten', 115, 165-169 (in Ukrainian).
Paliy, A. P. (2017). Innovations in the establishment physiology technologies milking high-productive cows. Scientific Messenger LNUVMBT named after S. Z. Gzhytskyj, 19(74), 12-14. doi: 10.15421/nvlvet7403
Paliy, A. P., Nanka, O. V., Lutcenko, M. M., Naumenko, O. A., & Paliy, A. P. (2018). Influence of dust content in milking rooms on operation modes of milking machine pulsators. Ukrainian Journal of Ecology, 8(3), 66-70.
Paliy, A. P., Paliy, A. P., & Naumenko, O. A. (2015). Innovacijni tehnologii' ta tehnichni systemy u molochnomu skotarstvi. Mis'kdruk, Harkiv (in Ukrainian).
Paliy, A. P. (2018). Vdoskonalennja tehnologichnogo rishennja dlja diagnostychnyh doslidzhen' u molochnomu skotarstvi. Naukovo-tehnichnyj bjuleten' Instytutu tvarynnyctva NAAN, 120, 78-85. doi: 10.32900/2312-8402-2018-120-78-85
Sycheva, O. V. (2014). Moloko. Kachestvo, sostav, svojstva: problemy i reshenija, Moskva-Berlin: Direkt-Media. doi: 10.23681/273470
 

Share this article