Prerequisites and peculiarities of conservation and restoration of ecosystem stability of the concept of sustainable development
I.O. Yasnolob, T.O. Chayka, O.A. Galych, O.O. Gorb, M.M. Opara, N.M. Opara, Y. Kaliuzhna, T.V. Mokiienko
The article deals with defining of the term ‘ecosystem’ through the study of its essence and on the basis of the existing definitions. The state and ecological problems of Ukraine’s ecosystems from the point of view of the concept of sustainable development are considered. The principles of rational and careful attitude to ecosystems, which ensure their stability in a long-term perspective are identified. The functions of the regional policy on rational and careful attitude to national ecosystems are found out taking into account measures aimed at preventing losses in ecosystems. The directions of rational and careful attitude to national ecosystems which require implementation in all spheres of life are suggested. The measures that are supposed to allow to preserve, restore and use natural resources effectively as well as to ensure ecosystem stability and future development of Ukraine are structured.
Keywords: Ecosystem; sustainable development; natural resources; environmental problems; agricultural production
Goals of the sustainable development of Ukraine: The national report 2017. Available from: http://www.un.org.ua/images/SDGs_NationalReportUA_Web_1.pdf. (in Ukrainian).
Glansdorff, P., & Prigogine, I. (1972). Thermodynamic theory of structure, stability and fluctuations. Wiley-Interscience, New York. Science, 176(4042), 1410-1420.
Prigozhyn, I. (1985). From the existing to the emerging: time and complexity in physical sciences. Moscow: Nauka, p: 328 (in Russian).
Nicolis, G., Prigogine, I., & Nocolis, G. (1989). Exploring complexity.
Svetlosanov, V. A. (2006) Ecosystems: stability, risk, chaos. Change in the natural environment at the turn of Millennium. Tbilisi, Moscow, 161-164 (in Russian).
Li, B. L., Gorshkov, V. G., & Makarieva, A. M. (2008). Allometric scaling as an indicator of ecosystem state: a new approach. In Use of Landscape Sciences for the Assessment of Environmental Security (pp. 107-117). Springer, Dordrecht.
Didukh, Y. P. (2011). The concept of ecosystem stability. Fundamentals of bioindication. Kyiv, Naukova dumka, pp: 288-297 (in Ukrainian).
Kachinskij, A. B. (2001). Ecological safety of Ukraine: systems analysis of prospects of improvement. К.: NISD.
Molchanov, A. M. (1976). On ecosystem stability. Extensive analysis of the natural environment. Leningrad, Gidrometeoizdat, pp: 212-229 (in Russian).
Svetlosanov, V. A. (2006) Ecosystems: stability, risk, chaos. Change in the natural environment at the turn of Millennium. Tbilisi, Moscow, pp: 161-164 (in Russian).
Tantsiura, B. F. (2014). The problem of ecosystem integrity in the interaction between man and nature. Available from: http://ejournal.studnubip.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/01/8.pdf (in Ukrainian).
Oliinyk, Y. B. (2012) Fundamentals of ecology: textbook. Кyiv, Znannia, p: 558 (in Ukrainian).
Dorohuntsov, S. I. (2005). Ecology: textbook. Кyiv, КNEU, p: 371 (in Ukrainian).
Marx, К., Engels, F. Collected works (2nd edn). 3, 20 (in Russian).
Yasnolob, I. O., Pysarenko, V. M., Chayka, T. O., Gorb, O. O., Pestsova-Svitalka, O. S., Kononenko, Z. A., & Pomaz, O. M. (2018). Ecologization of tillage methods with the aim of soil fertility improvement. Ukrainian Journal of Ecology, 8(2), 280-286. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.15421/2018082.
Yasnolob, I., Chayka, T. O., Aranchiy, V., Gorb, O., & Dugar, T. (2018). Mycorrhiza as a biotic factor, influencing the ecosystem stability. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15421/2018%25x
Yasnolob, I., Gorg, O., Dedukhno, A. L. L. A., & Kaliuzhna, Y. (2017). The formation of the management system of ecological, social, and economic development of rural territories using the experience in European Union. DOI: https://doi.org/10.14505//jemt.v8.3(19).03