Productivity of organic tomatillo grown in the open ground under conditions of the right-bank forest-steppe of Ukraine

Abstract

S.A. Vdovenko, O.O. Polutin, O.O. Kostiuk, V.B. Kutovenko, I.P. Vdovychenko

The paper examines the effect of plant treatment of the tomatillo with bio-agents on the productivity and its marketability under a biologized growing system. The effect of bio-agents on the biometric indicators of the tomatillo plants is scientifically substantiated and proved. It has been established that the plant height can vary from 59.2 cm to 61.1 cm in Likhtaryk variety and it can range within 56.9-62.7 cm in Ananasovyi variety. Bacteria Azotobacter chroococcum or yeast p. Saccharomyces provide a positive effect of Azotobacterin and Rostmoment on the formation of most fruits, weight and diameter of the fruit. It has been established that the plant leaf area increases up to 72.2 thousand m2/ha and 83.1 thousand m2/ha due to application of Rostmoment or Biopolycid, and spraying of plants with Biopolycid increases leaf dry matter by 15%. Likhtaryk variety is characterized by the high yield and fruit marketability when Humisol and Biopolycid are applied five times, where its value is 29.1 and 27.8 t/ha, and the marketability is 86.2%.

Keywords: Morphological features; biometric indicators; tomatillo; fruit yield; marketability

References:
Barbarak, O.V. (2008). Bio-agents for cucumbers and tomatoes. Seed Production, 1(5), 1-2.
Bolotskykh, A.S. (2001). Vegetables of Ukraine. Kharkiv: Orbita. 1088.
Bolotskykh, A.S. (2005). Encyclopedia of a vegetable grower. Kharkiv: Folio. 799.
Bondarenko. H. L., & Yakovenko. K. I. (2001). Methodology of experimental work in vegetable and melon growing. Kharkiv: Osnova. 369.
Kysil. V.I. (2000). Biological farming in Ukraine: problems and prospects. Kharkiv: Shtryhk. 161.
Kuts. O. V. (2018). Theoretical substantiation of productivity of vegetable agrocenoses for optimization of plant nutrition in the left-bank Forest-Steppe of Ukraine. Institute of Vegetable and Melon Growing. NAAS 579.
Lohinov O. N., Sveshnikova E.V., Puhacheva E. H., Sharafutdinov A.M., & Silishchev N. N. (2002). Bio-agents for tomatoes in protected soil. Plant Growing. 1(13). 7-8.
Materynskyi P.V. (2001). Influence of bacterial and mineral fertilizers and growth stimulants on grain yield of faba beans. Modern Agrarian Science: Research Areas. State and Prospects: a collection of materials for the first scientific conference of postgraduate students and young lecturers. Vinnytsia. 4-5.
Scientific basis of organic farming in Ukraine. Y.M. Hadzalo (ed.), Kyiv. (2001). p: 592.
Onyshchenko O. I., & Soldatenko O. M. (2006). Biological protection of tomato plants. Quarantine and Plant Protection. (5). 14-16.
Pavlov L.V., Kondratieva I. Y., & Burtseva T. V. (2007). Let’s increase germinating power of tomato by the eco- friendly agent Rybavextra. Vegetable Production. 1(7). 10-11.
Parshykova. T. (2001). Plant physiology: workshop. Lutsk: Teren. 420 p.
Pysarenko. V.M. (2000). Pysarenko P.V. Plant protection: ecologically substantiated systems. Poltava: Camelot. 188 p.
Pysarenko. P.V. (2018). The essence of organic farming. URL: https://agromage.com/ stat_id.php? Id = 677
Sych Z. D., Bobos I. M. (2013). Vegetable exotics. Vinnytsia: LLC «Nilan-LTD». 264.
Cherniavskyi O.M. (2016). Productivity and quality of tomato fruits depending on the effect of plant growth regulators. URL: http://udau.edy.ua/library.php?pid=1809
 

Share this article