Soils diversity and evolution trends within the terrace complex of the upper Ob near Kireyevsk


A.O. Konstantinov, S.V. Loiko, E.Yu. Konstantinova, A.A. Novoselov

The research presents the results of studying soil variability within the Ob river fluvial terraces near the village of Kireyevsk, Kozhevnikovsky District, Tomsk Region. The general regularities in the organization of the soil cover are determined by the lithological features of the sediments that build up various geomorphological levels, their age, the current hydrological regime and the directions of river valley geomorphological and hydrological evolution. Three geomorphological levels are distinguished for the Ob river valley within the study area: the high floodplain in backland regime, evolving into the first terrace, the first terrace and the second terrace. Gleyic Calcaric Fluvisols forming on buried Histic Gleysols or Histosols dominate within the high floodplain. Different variants of Albic Luvisols under mixed pine-birch forests with a developed grassy stage are predominant within the first terrace. The illuvial horizons of these soils have a lithogenic origin and develop from depredating dense alluvial layers. The soils of the second terrace are Albic Arenosols and Folic Entic Podzols. Oxidized-gley and residual-carbonate variants develop in the transition zone between the first and the second terraces. In general, the patterns of soil cover organization and the prevailing soil-forming processes correspond to the main trends in the development of the river valley during Holocene. The soils of the drained floodplain have recently completed the synlithogenic stage of their development and retain such features of alluvial soils as high content of carbonates, the presence of well-marked burial horizons, intermittency and variability of sedimentation that of the middle and lower parts of the profile. The soils of the first terrace evolve towards the zonal texturally differentiated soils. The main processes in these soils are humus accumulation and leaching of carbonates. The soils of the second terrace are distinguished by the predominance of the Al-Fe-humus process, which is explained by the fact that the surface of the second terrace underwent aeolian processing in the late Pleistocene. The obtained results testify to the extremely high dynamics of the soils and landscapes development within the fluvial terraces of the Ob, and, consequently, to their low resistance to anthropogenic impact.

Keywords: Sub-boreal forest; lithological-geomorphological organization; albic arenosols; folic entic podzols; fluvisols; gleysols; Western Siberia

Ala-aho, P., Soulsby, C., Pokrovsky, O. S., Kirpotin, S. N., Karlsson, J., Serikova, S., Vorobyev, S. N., Manasypov, R. M., Loiko, S., & Tetzlaff, D. (2018). Using stable isotopes to assess surface water source dynamics and hydrological connectivity in a high-latitude wetland and permafrost influenced landscape. Journal of Hydrology, 556, 279-293. doi: 10.1016/j.jhydrol.2017.11.024.
Barsukov, E. V. (2012). Ferry over the Ob River in the XVII century: geographical, historical and cultural aspects. Tomsk State University Journal of History, 3(19), 148-155 (in Russian).
Dyukarev, A. G., & Pologova, N. N. (2011). Soils of Ob’-Tom’ Interfluve. Tomsk State University Journal of Biology, 3(15), 16-37 (in Russian).
Eppes, M., Bierma, R., Vinson, D., & Pazzaglia, F. (2008). A Soil Chronosequence Study of the Reno Valley, Italy: Insights into the Relative Role of Climate Versus Anthropogenic Forcing on Hillslope Processes during the Mid-Holocene. Geoderma, 147, 97-107. doi: 10.1016/j.geoderma.2008.07.011.
Gordeev, V. V., Rachold, V., & Vlasova, I. E. (2004). Geochemical behaviour of major and trace elements in suspended particulate material of the Irtysh river, the main tributary of the Ob river, Siberia. Applied Geochemistry, 19(4), 93-610. doi: 10.1016/j.apgeochem.2003.08.004.
Jankowski, M., Kruczkowska, B., & Bednarek, R. (2011). Topographical inversion of sandy soils due to local conditions in Northern Poland. Geomorphology, 135, 277-283. doi: 10.1016/j.geomorph.2011.02.005.
Jongmans, A. G., Feijtel, T. C. J., Miedema, R., van Breemen, N., & Veldkamp, A. (1991). Soil formation in a Quaternary terrace sequence of the Allier, Limagne, France. Macro- and micromorphology, particle size distribution, chemistry. Geoderma, 49(3–4), 215-239. doi: 10.1016/0016-7061(91)90077-7.
Kirpotin, S. N. (2015). The great Ob River basin. International Journal of Environmental Studies, 72(3), 377-379. doi: 10.1080/00207233.2015.1039285.
Klimova, N. V., Dyukarev, A. G., & Pologova, N. N. (2016). The reconstruction of vegetation and conditions of soil formation using soils properties and microbiomorfological data. Environmental Dynamics and global Climate Change, 7(1), 76-84 (in Russian).
Kulizhsky, S. P., Loiko, S. V., Konstantinov, A. O., Kritskov, I. V., Istigechev, G. I., Lim, A. G., & Kuzmina, D.M. (2015). Lithological sequence of soil formation on the low terraces of the Ob and the Tom rivers in the south of Tomsk Oblast. International Journal of Environmental Studies, 72(6), 1037-1046. doi: 10.1080/00207233.2015.1039346.
Lin, Y. S., Chen, Y. G., Chen, Z. S., & Hsieh, M. L. (2005). Soil morphological variations on the Taoyuan Terrace, Northwestern Taiwan: Roles of topography and groundwater. Geomorphology, 69(1–4), 138-151. doi: 10.1016/j.geomorph.2004.12.006.
Loyko, S. V., Bobrovsky, M. V., & Novokreshchennykh, T. A. (2013). Indications of windfall morphogenesis in soils in the blackish taiga (by the example of the interfluve between the Tom’ and the Yaysk Rivers). Tomsk State University Journal of Biology, 4(24), 20-35. doi: 10.17223/19988591/24/2 (in Russian).
Mahaney, W. C., Hancock, R. G. V., Somelar, P., & Milan, A. (2016). Iron and aluminum soil/paleosol extractions as age/environment indicators: Some examples from a catchment in southern Ontario, Canada. Geomorphology, 270, 159-171. doi: 10.1016/j.geomorph.2016.05.030.
Minich, I. B., Minich, A. S., Yur’eva, M. A., & Domashevskaya, A. G. (2015). Trees of the mixed forest of Tomsk State Pedagogical University practice base. Tomsk State Pedagogical University Bulletin, 2(155), 116-121 (in Russian).
Moran, S. B., & Woods, W. L. (1997). Cd, Cr, Cu, Ni and Pb in the water column and sediments of the Ob-Irtysh rivers, Russia. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 35(7-12), 270-279. doi: 10.1016/S0025-326X(97)00087-8.
Panin, A., Adamiec, G., Buylaert, J.-P., Matlakhova, E., Moska, P., & Novenko, E. (2017). Two Late Pleistocene climate-driven incision/aggradation rhythms in the middle Dnieper River basin, west-central Russian Plain. Quaternary Science Reviews, 166, 266-288. doi: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2016.12.002.
Pokrovsky, O. S., Manasypov, R. M., Loiko, S. V., Krickov, I. A., Kopysov, S. G., Kolesnichenko, L. G., Vorobyev, S. N., & Kirpotin, S. N. (2016). Trace element transport in western Siberian rivers across a permafrost gradient. Biogeosciences, 13(6), 1877-1900. doi: 10.5194/bg-13-1877-2016.
Roquero, E., Silva, P. G., Goy, J L., Zazo, C., & Massana, J. (2015). Soil evolution indices in fluvial terrace chronosequences from central Spain (Tagus and Duero fluvial basins). Quaternary International, 376, 101-113. doi: 10.1016/j.quaint.2014.11.036.
Rozhkova-Timina, I. O., Zemtsov, V. A., Vorobyev, S. N., Kolesnichenko, L. G., Loyko, S. V., & Kirpotin, S.N. (2016). The relevance of the contemporary landscape-ecological and biogeochemical studies of the Ob floodplain. Tomsk State University Journal of Biology, 3(35), 182-200. doi: 10.17223/19988591/35/11.
Scarciglia, F., Pulice, I., Robustelli, G., & Vecchio, G. (2006). Soil chronosequences on Quaternary marine terraces along the northwestern coast of Calabria (Southern Italy). Quaternary International, 156–157, 133-155. doi: 10.1016/j.quaint.2006.05.027.
Shishov, L. L., Tonkonogov, V. D., Lebedeva, I. I., & Gerasimova, M. I. (2004). Klassifikatsiya i diagnostika pochv Rossii (Russian Soil Classification System). Smolensk: Oykumena.
Syso, A. I., Smolentsev, B. A., & Yakimenko, V. N. (2010). Soil Cover of Novosibirsk Academgorodok and Its Eco-Agricultural Assessment. Contemporary Problems of Ecology, 3(3), 363-377. doi: 10.1134/S199542551003001X.
Tsai, H., Hseu, Z. Y., Huang, W., & Chen, Z. S. (2007). Pedogenic approach to resolving the geomorphic evolution of the Pakua river terraces in central Taiwan. Geomorphology, 83, 14-28. doi: 10.1016/j.geomorph.2006.06.006.
Tsai, H., Huang, W., Hseu, Z. Y., & Chen, Z. S. (2006). A River Terrace Soil Chronosequence of the Pakua Tableland in Central Taiwan. Soil Science, 171, 167-179. doi: 10.1097/
Vodyasov, E. V. (2014). Kireyevsky Yar: the prospect of a natural park as a new brand in Tomsk region. Tomsk State University Journal, 385, 85-90. doi: 10.17223/15617793/385/14 (in Russian).
Vodyasov, E. V., & Zaitceva, O. V. (2015). The Appearance and Development of Iron Production on the Border between the “Steppe” and Taiga Cultural Worlds in Western Siberia (Tomsk Ob Region). Bylye Gody, 37(3), 472-478 (in Russian).
Vorobyev, S. N., Drozdov, V. V., Sorotchinskiy, A. V., Kirpotin, S. N., Kolesnichenko, L. G., Shirokova, L. S., Manasypov, R. M., & Pokrovsky, O. S. (2016a). Biogeochemistry of organic carbon, major and trace elements in the flooded and riparian zone of the Ob River. In: O. Pokrovsky (Ed.), Riparian Zones: Characteristics, Management Practices and Ecological Impacts (pp. 231-261). New York: Nova Science Publisher.
Vorobyev, S. N., Kirpotin, S. N., Vorobyeva, T. E., Kolesnichenko, L. G., & Izerskaya, L.A. (2016b). Alluvial soils of the Ob river floodplain and their significance in the formation of geochemical flow from Western Siberia. In: O. Pokrovsky (Ed.), Riparian Zones: Characteristics, Management Practices and Ecological Impacts (pp. 263-288). New York: Nova Science Publisher.
Vorobyev, S. N., Pokrovsky, O. S., Kirpotin, S. N., Kolesnichenko, L. G., Shirokova, L. S., & Manasypov, R. M. (2015). Flood zone biogeochemistry of the Ob River middle course. Applied Geochemistry, 63, 133-145. doi: 10.1016/j.apgeochem.2015.08.005.
Vorobyova, L. A. (Ed.) (2006). Theory and practice chemical analysis of soils. Moscow: GEOS (in Russian).
Zemtsov, A. A. (1988) Relief. In A. A. Zemtsov (Ed.), Geography of the Tomsk region (pp. 5-21). Tomsk: Tomsk State University.
Zemtsov, V. A., & Savichev, O. G. (2015). Resources, regime and quality of surface waters in the Ob River basin: history, current state and problems of research. International Journal of Environmental Studies, 72(3), 386-396. doi: 10.1080/00207233.2015.1019299.

Share this article