Stimulating the increasing of natural soil fertility: economic and environmental aspects
I. O. Yasnolob, T.O. Chayka, O. A. Galych, O. S. Kolodii, S. E. Moroz, N. Yu. Protsiuk, I. I. Lotych
The necessity to increase soil fertility by identifying their critical condition, which is associated with developing erosion processes, increasing acidity and decreasing humus, has been proven in the article. The requirement of introducing crop rotations and their legal regulation in Ukraine has been determined. The practice connected with the questions of supporting soil quality and crop rotations in different countries, members of the EU has been presented. The assessment of modern farming systems (intensive, organic, no-till, strip-till, precise, bio-enzyme, biogenic) taking into account economic, ecological, technological-energy, and social factors aimed at determining their impact on the natural soil fertility has been conducted. The expediency of improving soil quality in terms of its evaluation has been revealed. The necessity of introducing economic incentives or penalties to landowners or land users for agro-ecological condition of farmlands basing on the methods of land money value has been substantiated.
Key words: farmlands; natural soil fertility; soil quality; crop rotation; farming systems; economic incentives; soil bonitet
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