The Study of The Level of Environmental Consciousness and the Efficiency of Environmental Education Students
I. Ivanov, L. Frolova, N. Prokopenko, O. Belyanovskaya, O. Prokopenko
A leading role of the ecological culture of society in solving the problems of the modern ecological crisis, the importance of environmental education in the formation of the ecological world outlook of young people, especially students, to ensure the successful sustainable development of the state, determines the relevance of research. The purpose of the work is to assess the level of environmental consciousness of students, the impact on it of environmental education during the period of study at universities. The research was carried out by questioning, testing students of the National Metallurgical Academy of Ukraine of different courses and directions of training with the following analysis of their results. During the research methods M. Rokicha, "Dominant" and "Naturfil" were used. These techniques are proven, fairly versatile, easy to use and very popular in practice. As a result, the structure of value orientations and the place of nature in the student values system, the degree of priority of their relation to nature, the indicators of the formation of environmental consciousness on individual components and in general, the dynamics of its changes during the study at the academy was determined. It is established that evaluation of the importance of instrumental and terminal values in different groups of students is close to each other and they attribute nature to secondary values. This is confirmed by the diagnostic data based on the modified "Dominant" techniques, where nature takes place in a group with average dominance. Most students have an average level of intensity in relation to nature, but environmentalists% of high levels are about 2 times more likely than other students and less than% of levels with a reduced attitude to nature. Ecologists have a close connection between the time of training and the level of components of environmental consciousness. Other students do not have such a positive dynamic. At the senior courses there is even a decline in the level of attitude to nature. This gives evidence of the urgent need to adjust the content of technical disciplines and strengthen their environmental component.
Keywords: Higher education; Environmental consciousness; "Dominant" techniques; Methods M. Rokicha
Aikens, K., McKenzie, M. & Vaughter, P. (2016). Environmental and sustainability education policy research: A systematic review of methodological and thematic trends, Environmental Education Research, 22, pp. 333–359.
Babenko, L.V., Ivanov, ??.??., Zosimov B.Yu. (2017). Ecologization of education and environmental education and their influence on the formation of consciousness from the standpoint of the concept of sustainable development, Theory and practice of metallurgy, 3-4, 110-111, pp. 174-176 (in Ukrainian).
Blyznyuk, T.P. (2017). Generational culture of baby boomers in Ukraine: value-oriented approach, in: Science and society: Collection of scientific articles, Edizioni Magi, Roma, Italy, pp. 41–47.
Bobyliev, V.P., Ivanov, I.I., Projdak, Yu. S. (2014). Methodology and organization of scientific research, IMA-press, Dnipropetrovsk 2014 (in Ukrainian).
Bonnett, M. (2012). Environmental concern, moral education and our place in nature, Journal of Moral Education, 41, pp. 285–300.
Cherdymova, E. I., Afanasieva, S. A. Parkhomenko A. G.,Ponyavina, M. B., Yulova, E. S., Nesmeianova, I. A.&Skutelnik, O. A. (2018). Student ecological consciousness as determining component of ecological-oriented activity, Eurasian Journal of Biosciences, 12, 2, pp. 167-174
Curry, P. (2011). Ecological Ethics, Polity Press, Cambridge, UK 2011.
Deryabo, S. D.&Yasvin, V. A. (1995). Methods of diagnostics and correction of attitudes towards nature, TsKFL RAO, Moscow 1995 (in Russian).
Dzhamalova, B. B., Sorokoumova, E. A., Glazkova, I. N., Dementieva, Y. V., Pavlushin, A. A, Shuaipov, M. M., Sayfutdinova, G. B. & Krasheninnikov, S. V. (2019). Research of Student Ecological Intention Development Level, Ekoloji, 28 (107), pp. 289-297.
Ivanov, ??. ??., Vasch?henko, K. V.& Lapina, O. S. (2018). Ecological component in the humanization of modern education, in: International scientific journal Acta Universitatis Pontica Euxinus. Special number, 2018 XIV international conference, Varna, Bulgaria, pp. 236 – 240 (in Ukrainian).
Jadhav, A.S., Jadhav, V.V. & Raut, P. (2014). Role of Higher Education Institutions in Environmental Conservation and Sustainable Development: A case study of Shivaji University, Maharashtra, India, Environmental Earth Sciences, 4, pp. 17–29.
Khinkanina, A. I. &Serova, O. E. (2016). Characteristics of Value and Professional Orientation of the Technical University Students as Ideal Views on the Activity Goals, International Journal of Environmental & Science Education, 11, 13, pp. 5942-5950.
Kopnina, H. &Meijers, F. (2014). Education for sustainable development (ESD). Exploring the oreticaland practical challenges, International Journal of Sustainability in Higher Education, 15, 2, pp. 188-207.
Liu, S. & Guo, L. (2018). Based on Environmental Education to Study the Correlation between Environmental Knowledge and Environmental Value.Eurasia Journal of Mathematics, Science and Technology Education, 14, pp. 3311–3319.
Maravi??, M., Cvjeti??anin, S. & Ivkovi??, S. (2014). Level of Environmental Awareness of Students in Republic of Serbia, World Journal of Education, 4, 3, ????. 13-18.
Panov, V. I., Gagarin, A.V.& Serdakova, K.G. (2004). Ecological psychology, Science, Moscow 2004 (in Russian).
Popova, T. V. (2013). Ecological culture of a higher school teacher, Publishing House of Moscow State Technical University N. E. Bauman, Moscow 2013(in Russian).
Ramirez, R.I.S. (2017). Student Leadership Role for Environmental protection. Asia Pacific Journal of Multidisciplinary Research, 5, 2, pp. 204–211.
Rokeach, M. (1979). Understanding human values: individual and societal, The Free Press,New York 1979.
Shelest, K. D., Ionov V. V. & Tikhomirov, L. Y. (2017). Environmental awareness raising through universities – city authorities’ cooperation,International Journal of Sustainability in Higher Education, 18, 1, pp. 39-49.
Slezackova, A., Cefai, C., Cejkova, E., & Gassmann, S. (2018). The role of life values in subjective well-being among Czech and Maltese university students. Psihološka Obzorja / Horizons of Psychology,27, ????. 35-47.
Vauclair, ?h., Hanke, K., Fischer, R. &Fontaine. J. (2011). The Structure of Human Values at the Culture Level: A Meta-Analytical Replication of Schwartz’s Value Orientations Using the Rokeach Value Survey, Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 42, 2, pp. 186-205.
?eber–Dzikowska, I., Chmielewski, Ja. & Lachowski, S. (2016). Natural resources as a value important to the development of ecological consciousness of the polish society, Environmental protection and natural resources, 27, 3(69), pp. 30-34.
Zvereva I.I. (2015). The Contents of Value Orientations of Students in the Conditions of Military Education, Psychological Science & Education, 7, 2, p??. 59-71. (in Russian).