To solve legal-environmental challenges in national law of Iran and other countries sustainable development fulfilment necessity

Abstract

M. Noori, S.F. Mousavi, S.A. Pourhashemi, D. Karimi

The occurred changes in the earth are the most important historical transformations. It is a major opinion that the earth is not going to respond the human beings needs anymore, and we should think about the solutions. During the last decades, several meetings and seminars have been performed in this concern. But, unfortunately, none of the objectives have been achieved. The reason is that there is not any operative protection for the international laws and regulations. Hence, the countries and nations’ authorities should include their accepted obligations within the international meetings in their domestic regulations, which contain a larger operative protection comparing the international ones. Iran is a country which contains special natural and environmental characteristics and is one of the first countries who play an important role in creating international environmental law. So, investigating this country domestic laws in comparison with the international environmental laws transformations will reflex its governors’ viewpoints and strategies and the interaction between the internal and international law in this content. The existing research has been designed based on the results of the field studies which have been fulfilled in 20 provinces of Iran regarding the legal-environmental challenges resulted from the rules and regulation governing the forests, pastures and natural environment and their affected laws, and also, studies the ordinary and program laws of Iran applying the proving, comparative and critical methods. The studies show that, there are a large variety of ordinary law subjects which are not coordinated with international documents. Although, the international coordinated rules are centralized in government organizations which does not attract people participation and will not lead our society to a sustainable development. Therefore, it is necessary to inform people the values of natural resources and their interaction, while revising, improving and integrating the rules in this due to represent them in a unique complex.

Keywords: Legal challenges; sustainable development; environment; jungle; rules contradiction; ownership

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